IASToppers-Current-Affairs-Analysis-12th-April-2016
Current Affairs Analysis

12th April 2016 Current Affairs Analysis

By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
April 12, 2016

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • Don’t share Aadhaar information: UIDAI
  • Maharashtra Legislative Council clears Bill to regulate dance bars

Social Issues

  • Proof to link Zika virus with brain defects

Economy

  • Bharti’s payments bank unit gets final RBI nod

Science & Technology

  • Gene that makes bacteria immune to last-resort antibiotic

 

Polity & Governance

Don’t share Aadhaar information: UIDAI

The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has asked public not to share their personal information with unauthorised agencies for printing or laminating their Aadhaar cards.

Details:

  • The UIDAI asked e-commerce firms such as e-bay, Flipkart and Amazon to not allow their merchants to collect Aadhaar information from general public for printing Aadhaar card as this may amount to a criminal offence punishable with imprisonment.
  • The UIDAI had noticed some “unscrupulous entities” who were charging Rs. 50 to Rs. 200 for printing Aadhaar on a plastic card in the name of smart card. Some entities had also been charging far more for simply laminating the downloaded version of Aadhaar.
  • The UIDAI has said that the Aadhaar card or the downloaded Aadhaar card printed on ordinary paper is perfectly valid for all uses. The authority said if a person loses his Aadhaar card, it could be downloaded free of cost.

 [Ref: Hindu]

Maharashtra Legislative Council clears Bill to regulate dance bars

The Maharashtra Legislative Council has unanimously cleared the Bill to regulate dance bars in Mumbai and rest of Maharashtra.

  • Following its clearance in the Upper House, the Bill will now be introduced in the Assembly.

Highlights of the bill:

As per the bill:

  • Dance bars have not been banned but stringent conditions have been imposed to ensure that no owner comes forward to set up a dance bar.
  • All dancers should be 21 years old and it is the responsibility of the hotel owner to provide Provident Fund to them.
  • Dance bars cannot be opened in a residential area.
  • All performances will have to be approved by the censor board for theatre performances.
  • Approximately five feet distance must be maintained between customers and dancers.
  • Performers cannot be touched by anyone and neither money nor gifts can be showered on them. Podium will be isolated by a three-foot wall.
  • Restaurant and dancing area should be kept separate by building a wall and liquor will not be served where the performance is on.
  • No more than four dancers can perform on a platform at a time.
  • Performance cannot be vulgar. However, the bill does not specify the definition of “vulgar.”

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Social Issues

Proof to link Zika virus with brain defects

Researchers have now produced evidence of how Zika virus causes brain defect in babies.

Background:

  • Several cases of microcephaly, a rare birth defect in which the brain fails to grow properly, continue to be reported in Brazil following the outbreak of Zika virus, first detected in the country in May 2015.

Details:

  • To study how the virus causes birth defects in babies, researchers used human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to make neural stem cells (NSC), neurospheres and brain organoids.
  • How quickly the neural stem cells get infected with Zika virus became clear when the researchers detected it just 24 hours after they were exposed.
  • The researchers used the virus-infected neural cells and cultured them as neurospheres.
  • While those cells not infected with the virus generated normal neurospheres, the virus-infected neural cells generated neurospheres with abnormalities. At the end of six days, the virus killed most of the neurospheres.
  • However, further studies are needed to characterise the consequences of Zika infection during different stages of foetal development.

Read a current article on Zika virus Click Here.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Economy

Bharti’s payments bank unit gets final RBI nod

The banking regulator, RBI has given final approval to Airtel M Commerce Services Ltd. [Bharti Airtel’s payments bank venture] to start a payments bank.

  • Now Airtel M Commerce Services Ltd. has become the first entity to receive final approval from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to start a payments bank.

Background:

  • In August last year, the RBI granted in-principle licences to 11 entities to start payments banks.
  • The ‘in-principle’ approval was valid for 18 months, during which time the applicants were asked by RBI to comply with the licensing norms.
  • Most of the players who received the payments licences are yet to apply for the final licences.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Science & Technology

Gene that makes bacteria immune to last-resort antibiotic

Researchers have discovered a new antibiotic-resistant gene, called Dubbed mcr-1, which is resistant to colistin, a life-saving medication. 

About Dubbed mcr-1 gene:

  • Dubbed mcr-1,the resistance-conferring gene easily transfers between bacteria, benign or otherwise, found in humans, animals or the environment.
  • First identified in China last November, the gene has since been discovered in livestock, water, meat and vegetables for human consumption in several countries, and in humans infected with E.coli– one of the disease-causing bacteria it targets.
  • For the first time now, mcr-1 has been found living in the gut of healthy humans.

About colistin:

  • Colistin has been available since 1959 in order to treat infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria— a category including the food-poisoning germs E-coli and Salmonella, as well as Acinetobacter which can cause pneumonia or serious blood and wound infections.
  • It was abandoned for human use in the 1980s due to high kidney toxicity, but is widely used in livestock farming, especially in China.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

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