IASToppers-Current-Affairs-Analysis-19th-April-2016
Current Affairs Analysis

19th April 2016 Current Affairs Analysis

By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
April 19, 2016

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • Are there no rights violations in Union Territories, SC asks Centre
  • Maharashtra makes hologram, barcode must on liquor bottles

Economy

  • Services corner bulk of FDI inflows
  • IOC to set up LPG import terminal at Chittagong

Environment & Ecology

  • Three new species of mouse lemurs discovered in Madagascar

Science & Technology

  • Reliance Jio offers new Bay of Bengal Gateway

Also in News

  • Kohinoor given away voluntarily to British: Govt.
  • Commemorative Coin and Circulation Coin on Tatya Tope on his Martyr Day

 

Polity & Governance

Are there no rights violations in Union Territories, SC asks Centre

The Supreme Court has questioned why people in these central government regulated regions were to come to Delhi to file their complaints regarding human rights violations.

Centre’s reply to SC:

  • The Centre has told the Supreme Court that Delhi cannot have a State Human Rights Commission as it is a Union Territory and not a State. It says, “Delhi has to continue without an SHRC until Parliament amends the law.”

Background:

  • The court’s question came on a contempt petition filed against the government for failing to set up a state human rights commission (SHRC) in Delhi.
  • The apex court, in a verdict last year, had directed Delhi, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Arunachal Pradesh to set up SHCs in their respective states within six months. The petition was filed for the alleged violation of this verdict.

It should be noted here that Delhi accounts for the second largest human rights violation cases, after Uttar Pradesh, with the National Human Rights Commission.

[Ref: Hindu]

Maharashtra makes hologram, barcode must on liquor bottles

Maharashtra government has made it mandatory to have a ‘track and trace’ mechanism, and hologram on liquor bottles to ensure the stuff inside is genuine.

  • In order to know if the liquor bottle is genuine or fake, all one will need is a barcode scan from mobile phone.
  • To root out the menace of spurious liquor, the state Excise department proposed to make it mandatory for all liquor bottles to carry a hologram and barcode with embedded covert and overt features.
  • This will enable a “track and trace mechanism”, which will follow the journey of the beverage from the manufacturer to the final point of sale and also reveal its authenticity to consumers and officials.

The move is expected to eliminate duplicate and spurious liquor.

[Ref: ToI]

 

Economy

Services corner bulk of FDI inflows

According to an analysis of the official data by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion and Citi Research, more than half of total FDI inflows in 2015 came into the services sector, comprising software, financial services, trading, hospital and tourism.

IASToppers-19th April 2016

Key facts of the analysis:

  • Although India received an all-time high annual foreign direct investment (FDI) in 2015, the surge is led by the inflows into the services sector.
  • In 2014, the services sector accounted for about a third of the gross inflows. FDI into the sector in 2015 was 111% higher than in 2014.
  • In the 20 months of the NDA government, India has received total FDI of $85 billon compared to $59 billion in a similar period before that. FDI outflows (Indians investing overseas) declined 37%, confirming the change in investor sentiment.
[Ref: Hindu]

IOC to set up LPG import terminal at Chittagong

State-owned Indian Oil Corp (IOC) has signed an agreement with Bangladesh Petroleum Corp (BPC) to set up LPG import terminal at Chittagong and lay a pipeline from there to Tripura.

  • India plans to use the terminal at the Bangladeshi port to ship cooking gas or LPG which would then be piped to Tripura. 
  • The agreement would help India use the Chittagong port for importing LPG and then transporting it to Tripura through pipeline for use in northeastern states.
[Ref: BS]

 

Environment & Ecology

Three new species of mouse lemurs discovered in Madagascar

Scientists have identified three new species of mouse lemurs- the smallest primates in the world- in Madagascar, taking the total number of known mouse lemur species to 24. 

  • As little as 20 years ago, only two species of these small, nocturnal primates were known.
  • The three new discovered species are named- Ganzhorn’s mouse lemur, Microcebus manitatra and Microcebus boraha.

IASToppers-19th April 2016-mouse-lemur

About Mouse lemurs:

  • Mouse lemurs are small, nocturnal primates, which are only found in Madagascar – and they all look very similar with their brown fur and large eyes.
  • According to the “Red List” of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) more than 100 known species of lemurs are threatened by extinction and represent the world’s most endangered group of mammals.
  • Deforestation and hunting are the main causes of the threat to lemurs in one of the poorest countries of the world.
[Ref: Hindu]

 

Science & Technology

Reliance Jio offers new Bay of Bengal Gateway

Reliance Jio, Mukesh Ambani’s Rs 1.5 lakh crore telecom startup, has announced the opening of its 8,100-km Bay of Bengal Gateway (BBG) offering direct connectivity to South East Asia and the Middle East.

Key facts:

  • The undersea cable landing facility is housed in Chennai.
  • BBG connects India to South East Asia and the Middle East, with onward connectivity to Europe, Africa and Far East Asia via connections to other cable systems.
  • It has an initial capacity of 9 Tbps, based on 100-Gbps wavelengths.
  • Other members of the consortium include Dialog Axiata, Etisalat, Omantel, Telecom Malaysia, and Vodafone.
  • BBG uses high-speed broadband fibre optic technology; dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) which allows the capacity to be increased without any additional submarine intervention.
[Ref: IE]

 

Also in News

Kohinoor given away voluntarily to British: Govt.

The centre has told the Supreme Court that the Kohinoor was given away voluntarily to British.

Details:

  • This was stated by the centre during a hearing of a petition filed by an NGO, on whether the government intends to make a bid to get back the Kohinoor.
  • The centre has also stated that the heirs of Maharaja Ranjit Singh gave the Kohinoor to the British as voluntary compensation to cover the expenses of the Anglo-Sikh Wars.
  • It is not just India that is claiming ownership of the diamond; the list includes Pakistan and Aghanistan, too.
  • It should be noted here that Kohinoor has been in British possession for more than 150 years. It is now priced at 100 million euros.

Background:

  • The return of Kohinoor diamond to India has been a long-standing demand, with many claiming that the diamond was taken forcibly. The fight to get back the diamond has been ongoing since India’s independence.
  • The Indian government, believing the gem was rightfully theirs, made the first demand for the return of the Kohinoor diamond soon after independence. A second request followed in 1953, the year of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. Each time, the British government refuted the claims, saying that ownership was non-negotiable.
  • In 2000, several members of the Indian Parliament signed a letter calling for the diamond to be given back to India, claiming it was taken illegally. British officials said that a variety of claims meant it was impossible to establish the gem’s original owner.
[Ref: Hindu]

Commemorative Coin and Circulation Coin on Tatya Tope on his Martyr Day

The Government has released a Rs.200 commemorative coin and a Rs.10 circulation coin on the occasion of the Martyrdom day of Tatya Tope, one of the outstanding Indian leaders of the 1857 revolt against the British.

IASToppers-19th April-tatya-tope

About Tatya Tope:

  • Tatya Tope fought during 1857 revolt along with Jhansi ki Rani and Nana Sahib.
  • He was defeated by General Napier’sBritish Indian troops at Ranod and after a further defeat at Sikar abandoned the campaign.
  • He was executed by the British Government at Shivpurion April 18, 1859.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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