iastoppers-RSTV--The-Big-Picture--Legacy-&-importance-of-August-revolution-and-Quit-India-Movement
Video Summary

[RSTV The Big Picture] Legacy & importance of August revolution and Quit India Movement

In 1942. Gandhi gave a call for Quit India and today we need to give a call for Quit India from intolerance, poverty, Communalism, unemployment, discrimination, & injustice with the sense of commitment.
By IT's Video Summary Team
August 22, 2017

Contents

  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Quit India Movement
  • 75 years from then, where do we stand now? & is his vision still intact? What can we do?
  • Has the idea of Nationalism and patriotism changed over the last 75 years? And can we keep it alive today?
  • Conclusion

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GS (M) Paper-1: “The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.”

 

Introduction

“In the democracy which I have been envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence there will be equal freedom for all, everybody will be his own master, it is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite here today.” – The vision of Mahatma Gandhi when he launched Quit India Movement in August 1942.

Background

  • India’s fight against British rule was a long-drawn battle developing since the early 20th century especially under Mahatma Gandhi.
  • At various phases, the movement saw itself gaining higher momentum, for instance, the noncooperation & civil disobedience movement of 1920-22 & 1930-32.
  • However, the one call that pushed India towards its ultimate freedom called was a rebel cry of the congress between early August 1942 & September 1944.
  • Quit India Movement, a watershed moment in Indian history, was a rebel cry in August 1942 & a call that pushed India to its ultimate freedom.

Quit India Movement

  • The Quit India Resolution taken by Mahatma Gandhi at the Gwalior tank Maidan in Bombay in 1942, was by far the strongest & most vociferous appeal made by the congress asking the British to leave India once and for all.
  • Gandhi’s goal of Do or Die infused the masses with the energy of its own.

75 years from then, where do we stand now? & is his vision still intact? What can we do?

  • The moment in 1942 was in the middle of the 2nd world war with its impact also reflected within India.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose didn’t talk of hatred. His speeches talk of the unorthodox India that he envisaged.
  • Mahatma Gandhi laid down the moral rule for fighting for the India of equality, with peace & non-violence as a weapon which holds true even today.
  • His vision doesn’t seem to be working in the atmosphere of intolerance & politics of hatred which further is pervading the country every minute.
  • Quit India Movement was not only for the British to quit but it was also for the other differences to quit like rich and poor, casteism, untouchability, but still the gaps are increasing & are still alive.
  • Along with Non-Violence, the Quit India Movement was all about enabling India’s greater participation in the war for peace in the war for liberation from Fascism & Nazism & behind it was a desire & determination to be the part of the countries getting independent from the colonial rule with a vision of Asian solidarity, be it Indonesia, Burma or any Asian or African Country.
  • The constitution of India is inclusive in nature especially for equality and justice, but in last 75 years, the gap has been widened and reality is different.
  • The foundation of hatred and discrimination and social conflicts is laid down, because politics has become the priority & has overtook the morals of the governance.
  • The solution can be inclusive democracy & a vision of nonviolence in the world of war & intolerance.

Has the idea of Nationalism and patriotism changed over the last 75 years? And can we keep it alive today?

  • Quit India movement was also guided by nationalists with the vision of Do or Die which was basicaly rooted in the feeling of nationalism.
  • Nationalism is a love for the country, a feeling of sacrifice for the country if the need arises.
  • There was the sentiment of unity amongst all the sections of India and all were fighting for a single idea and had something common to strive for nationally.
  • Nationalism today is the ideals of the single sectoral sections of the society according to their power and position that they have acquired over past 150 years as a progeny of the British Empire.
  • The society is divided in the name of unity, dividing the idea of one India into the sectoral & sectional interests.
  • We must look the people from the point of view of human being and not through the caste or religion.
  • The values of liberty and freedom should not override the values of sovereignty and integrity and the unity of the society and nation as well.

Conclusion

  • As his progeny, we need to learn and understand the fundamentals of Gandhi at an intellectual level, fighting against modernity and tradition and continue rediscovering ourselves.
  • In 1942 he gave a call for Quit India and today we need to give a call for Quit India from intolerance, poverty, Communalism, unemployment, discrimination, & injustice with the sense of commitment.

 

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