Prelims 2020

10th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT); Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS); Location of Myanmar; Mega Food Park Scheme; SnowEx;
By IASToppers
August 10, 2020

 

 

 

What is the objective of NASA funded ‘SnowEx program’?

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Answer:

  • It aims to assess where snow has fallen, how much there is and how its characteristics change as it melts.
  • It will provide key insights into optimal strategies for mapping global SWE (Snow Water Equivalent) with remote sensing, which will enable a proposal for a Decadal Survey “Earth System Explorer” mission.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is SnowEx?

  • SnowEx is a 5-year program initiated and funded by NASA THP (Terrestrial Hydrology program)to address the most important gaps in snow remote sensing knowledge.
  • The geographical focus of SnowEx is North America.
  • It will assess where snow has fallen, how much there is and how its characteristics change as it melts.
  • It will provide key insights into optimal strategies for mapping global SWE (Snow Water Equivalent) with remote sensing, which will enable a proposal for a Decadal Survey “Earth System Explorer” mission.

Need:

  • Industry and decision-makers need accurate snow information to respond to altering climate and water availability. They need to predict future snow resources.
  • The water equivalent of snow is also changing rapidly. However, remote sensing capabilities are not yet adequate.
  • Changes in snowfall amounts and timing are altering water discharges. Hence, snow predictions can tell about water discharge timings.

 

 

 

Projects under Mega Food Park scheme are merged under scheme of Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana. True OR False.

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

Mega Food Park Scheme

  • Mega Food Park is a scheme of the Ministry of Food Processing of the Government of India, aimed at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market so as to ensure maximizing value addition and minimizing wastage.
  • Projects under it are merged under comprehensive flagship scheme of ‘Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana’.
  • The MFPS scheme envisages a one-time capital grant of 50% of the project cost subject to a maximum of Rs 50 crore in general areas and 75% of the project cost subject to a ceiling of Rs. 50 crore in difficult and hilly areas.
  • This project is implemented by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) which is a Body Corporate registered under the Companies Act.
  • Its purpose is to increase processing of perishables from 6% to 20% and to increase India’s share in global food trade by at least 3% up to year 2015.

 

 

 

Myanmar shares land borders with which 5 Countries?

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Answer:

  • Myanmar shares land borders with 5 countries: India, China, Bangladesh, Thailand and Lao.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Myanmar

  • Myanmar, also called Burma, country, located in the western portion of mainland Southeast Asia.
  • Myanmar became an independent state in 1948, after gaining its sovereignty from The United Kingdom.
  • The currency of Myanmar is the Kyat (MMK). As well, the people of Myanmar are refered to as Burmese.
  • Myanmar shares land borders with 5 countries: India, China, Bangladesh, Thailand, Lao People’s Democratic Republic.
  • Nay Pyi Taw is the capital city of Myanmar.

 

 

 

What are the four pillars of the Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS)?

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Answer:

  • The government’s 2015 PGS manual underlines that the system in India is based on participatory approach, a shared vision, transparency and

Enrich Your Learning:

Participatory Guarantee Systems (PGS)

What is the Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS)?

  • PGS is a process of certifying organic products, which ensures that their production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards.
  • The certification is in the form of a documented logo or a statement.
  • According to a 2008 definition formulated by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), PGSs are locally focused quality assurance systems that certify producers based on active participation of stakeholders and are built on a foundation of trust, social networks and knowledge exchange.

Four pillars of PGS

The government’s 2015 PGS manual underlines that the system in India is based on participatory approach, a shared vision, transparency and trust.

  • Participation: Stakeholders such as producers, consumers, retailers, traders etc are collectively responsible for designing and decision-making. Direct communication among the stakeholders helps create an integrity- and trust-based approach with transparency in decision-making.
  • Shared Vision: Each stakeholder organisation or PGS group can adopt its own vision conforming to the overall vision and standards of the PGS-India programme.
  • Transparency: Transparency is maintained through the active participation of producers in information-sharing at meetings and workshops, peer reviews, and involvement in decision-making.
  • Trust: A fundamental premise of PGS is the idea that producers can be trusted. The trustworthiness includes a producer pledge made through a witnessed signing of a declaration, and written collective undertakings by the group to abide by the standards of PGS.

Advantages of PGS:

  • Procedures are simple, documents are basic, and farmers understand the local language
  • All members live close to each other and are known to each other. As practising organic farmers themselves, they understand the processes well.
  • Because peer appraisers live in the same village, they have better access to surveillance; peer appraisal instead of third-party inspections also reduces costs
  • Mutual recognition and support between regional PGS groups ensures better networking for processing and marketing.
  • Unlike the grower group certification system, PGS offers every farmer individual certificates, and the farmer is free to market his own produce independent of the group.

Limitations:

  • PGS certification is only for farmers or communities that can organise and perform as a group within a villageor a cluster of contiguous villages, and is applicable only to farm activities such as crop production, processing, and livestock rearing, and off-farm processing by PGS farmers of their direct products.
  • Individual farmers or group of farmers smaller than five members are not coveredunder PGS. They either have to opt for third party certification or join the existing PGS local group.
  • PGS ensures traceability until the product is in the custody of the PGS group, which makes PGS ideal for local direct sales and direct trade between producers and consumers.

 

 

 

 

Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) is an initiative of global cyber alliance. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct Statement: It is an initiative of four major tech companies: Face book, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube.

Enrich Your Learning:    

Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT)

  • The Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism (GIFCT) was established in 2017 as a group of companies, dedicated to disrupting terrorist abuse of members’ digital platforms.
  • It was founded by four major tech companies: Face book, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube.
  • Its membership is limited to companies operating internet platforms and services which meet the specified requirements including explicit prohibitions on terrorist and violent extremist content, a commitment to transparency, and a pledge to respect human rights.
  • It has made partnership with ‘Tech against Terrorism’, launched by the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (UN CTED) in 2016.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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