Prelims 2020

11th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Madhav National Park; Lokrang Samaroh; Iron Ore; School Health Ambassador Initiative; Central Zoo Authority;
By IASToppers
August 11, 2020

 

 

 

 

Central Zoo Authority has been constituted under which Act?

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Answer:

  • The Central Zoo Authority has been constituted under the section 38A of Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.

Enrich Your Learning:

Central Zoo Authority

  • The Central Zoo Authority (CZA) was established as a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment & Forests by the Government of India.
  • It was established in 1992 under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 to oversee the functioning of zoos in the country with the view to enhance their role in conservation.
  • It is an affiliate member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA).
  • The Central Zoo Authority has been constituted under the section 38A of Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.
  • The Central Zoo Authority with its headquarters in New Delhi.
  • The Authority consists of a Chairman, ten members and a Member Secretary.

Objective:

  • To enforce minimum standards and norms for upkeep and healthcare of animals in the Indian zoos and to control the mushrooming of ill-conceived, ill planned zoos,
  • To monitor and evaluate the existing zoos and to suggest ways and means for the improvement of zoos in the country so that they can be transferred into potent centres for ex-situ conservation of endangered wild fauna.

 

 

 

 

The School Health Ambassador Initiative was recently under which scheme of central government?

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Answer:

  • School Health Ambassador Initiative has been launched as a part of Ayushman Bharat.

Enrich Your Learning:

School Health Ambassador Initiative

  • The central Government launched the School Health Ambassador Initiativeon February 12, 2020 to spread awareness about the preventive health aspects.
  • Under the initiative, two teachers will be identified in every government school as ‘health and wellness ambassadors’.
  • The initiative has been launched as a part of Ayushman Bharat.
  • It will be jointly run by the Union ministries of Health and Human Resources Development.
  • The initiative will be linked with other government initiativessuch as the Eat Right campaign, Fit India movement and Poshan Abhiyaan for the overall development of children’s health.

Implementation:

  • Two teachers will be selected as “health and wellness ambassadors” in every government school to raise awareness about preventive health aspects.
  • These ambassadors will receive support from class monitors, who will serve as “Health and Wellness Messengers”.
  • The health and wellness ambassadors will spread awareness regarding preventive health by organizing culturally sensitive activity sessions for one hour every week for 24 weeks in a year to promote joyful learning.
    • The NCERT has constituteda National Resource Group (NRG) comprising 40 members who have sound training skills and experience in adolescent health. The NRG will then train the state resource group.

 

 

 

 

Magnetite resources are found more than 70% in which single state of India?  

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Answer:

  • Magnetite resources are found more than 70% in Karnataka

Enrich Your Learning:

Iron Ore

  • Hematite and magnetite are the most important iron ores in India.
  • About 59 per cent hematite ore deposits are found in the eastern sector.
  • About 92 per cent magnetite ore deposits occur in southern sector, especially in Of these, hematite is considered to be superior because of its higher grade.
  • Indian deposits of hematite belong to the Precambrian iron ore series and the ore is within banded iron ore formations occurring as massive, laminated, friable and also in powdery form.
  • As per United Nations Framework Classification for Resources (UNFC) system, the total resources of hematite as in 2015 are estimated at 22,487 million tonnes of which 5,442 million tonnes (24 per cent) are under ‘reserves’ category and the balance 17,045 million tonnes (76 per cent) are under ‘remaining resources’ category.
  • Major resources of hematite are located in Odisha – 7,559 million tonnes (34 per cent), Jharkhand – 5,286 million tonnes (24 per cent), Chhattisgarh – 4,858 million tonnes (22 per cent), Karnataka – 2,467 million tonnes (11 per cent) and Goa – 1189 million tonnes (5 per cent).
  • The balance resources of hematite are spread in Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Magnetite is another principal iron ore that also occurs in the form of oxide, either in igneous or metamorphosed banded magnetite-silica formation, possibly of sedimentary origin.
  • As per UNFC system, the total resources of magnetite as in 2015 are estimated at 10,789 million tonnes of which ‘reserves’ constitute a mere 53 million tonnes while 10,736 million tonnes are placed under ‘remaining resources’.
  • Classification on the basis of grades shows 20 per cent resources of metallurgical grade while 80 per cent resources belong to unclassified, not known and other grades.
  • The resources of coal washery and foundry grades constitute meagre proportions.
  • India’s 96 per cent magnetite resources are located in four states, namely, Karnataka – 7,802 million tonnes (72 per cent) followed by Andhra Pradesh – 1,392 million tonnes (13 per cent), Rajasthan – 617 million tonnes (6 per cent) and Tamil Nadu – 507 million tonnes (5 per cent).

 

 

 

 

Where is Madhav National Park Situated: (a) Madhya Pradesh OR (b) Uttar Pradesh?

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Answer: Madhya Pradesh

  • Madhav National Park is situated in the Gwalior division in northwest Madhya Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Madhav National Park

  • Madhav National Park is situated in the Gwalior division in northwest Madhya Pradesh,
  • It is 355 sq. km in area, located amidst the upper Vindhyaand established in 1958.
  • It was named after Madho Rao Scindia, the Maharaja of Gwalior belonging to the Scindia dynasty of the Marathas.
  • Located in the region of Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests, this national park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake and is thus rich in biodiversity.

Fauna: 

  • The predominant animal species in the park is the deer, Chinkara or Indian gazelle, and the chital.
  • Other species that have their habitat in the park are Nilgai, Sambar, four-horned antelope, blackbuck, sloth bear, Indian leopard and the common langur.

 

 

 

 

 

Lokrang Samaroh festival is celebrated in which state?

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Answer:

  • It is celebrated in Madhya Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Lokrang Samaroh

  • Lokrang Samaroh is an extravagant festival, organized every year by the Directorate of Culture and Madhya Pradesh Tribal Museum (Adivasi Lok Kala Academy).
  • It is usually held in Bhopal5 days long every year starting on Republic day.
  • Lokrang Samaroh, tries to speculate each of the numerous heritage culturesin this country – Every year with a definite motive.
  • Sometimes it concentrates on West Indian culturesand portrays Goa, Gujarat, and Rajasthan’s heritage while at others it concentrates on the North Indian cultures and focuses on Jammu Kashmir and Himachal heritage.
  • Tribal folk dancesare performed, tribal arts are on display.
  • This festival’s actual motive is to erase the geo-political demarcationsand make India a unified whole.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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