Eat-Right-Movement-featured
Current Affair Analysis

11th July 2018 Current Affairs Analysis -IASToppers

Eat Right Movement; Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018; Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI); Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2018; DIPP’s Ease of Doing Business Index; DIPP’s Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP 2017); Lonely Planet’s best Asia destinations list; India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre; National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC); Location of Rwanda; Marshall Islands; 'Saathi' for Amarnath pilgrims; Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF); Eat Right tool kit; SNF@Workplace; etc.
By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
July 11, 2018

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • MHA seeks cabinet nod for Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018

Issues related to Health & Education

  • FSSAI launches Eat Right campaign to curb consumption of sugar, salt and fat

Economy

  • Andhra Ranks highest on DIPP’s Ease of Doing Business Index

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Western Ghats bags fourth best tourist spot in Lonely Planet’s best Asia destinations list

Bilateral & International Relations

  • India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre Inaugurated
  • RS Chairman signs MoU with Rwanda counterpart on inter-parliamentary dialogue
  • MoS HRD Upendra Kushwaha visits Marshall Islands; holds talks to boost ties

Defence & Security Issues

  • CRPF launches mobile help centre ‘Saathi’ for Amarnath pilgrims

Key Facts for Prelims

  • SNF@Workplace

For IASToppers Current Affairs Analysis Archive, Click Here

Government Schemes & Policies

MHA seeks cabinet nod for Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has sent the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018, to the Union cabinet for approval, to replace the related Ordinance.

ias-toppers-criminal-investigation

Key provisions of the Bill:

  • It provides for stringent punishment of jail term of minimum 20 years or life imprisonment or death for rape of girl less than 12 years. It provides punishment with imprisonment for rest of life or death sentence in case of gang rape of girl below 12 years.
  • It increases minimum punishment from 10 years to 20 years for crime of rape of girl under 16 years, which can be extended to imprisonment for rest of life. It increases minimum punishment for rape of women from rigorous imprisonment of 7 years to 10 years, which can be extended to life imprisonment.
  • It provides for speedy investigation and trial, which must be completed in two months. It proposes 6 months’ time limit for disposal of appeals in rape cases. It provides dedicated manpower for investigation of rape cases in time bound manner.
  • It provides no provision for anticipatory bail for person accused of rape or gang rape of girl under 16 years. It has also been provided that court has to give notice of 15 days to Public Prosecutor and representative of victim before deciding bail applications in case of rape of a girl under 16 years of age.
  • It has provision for maintaining national database and profile of sexual offenders by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). This data will be regularly shared with States/UTs for monitoring, tracking and investigation including verification of antecedents by police.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

FSSAI launches Eat Right campaign to curb consumption of sugar, salt and fat

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched national campaign ‘The Eat Right Movement’ to improve public health and combat lifestyle diseases.

FSSAI Eat Right campaign 2

  • FSSAI also launched Eat Right tool kit and Safe and Nutritious Food at Workplace campaign.

About the Eat Right Movement:

The movement is voluntary and collaborative built on two broad pillars – “Eat Healthy and “Eat Safe”.

FSSAI Eat Right campaign

  • Under this campaign, FSSAI has asked industry to voluntarily reduce salt, sugar and saturated fat in packaged food products and oil consumption by 30% in three years.
  • It is collective effort to encourage people towards making right food and dietary choices. It focuses on both sides- demand and supply side to come together.
  • On demand side, it focuses on empowering citizens to make right food choices.
  • On supply side, it requests food businesses to reformulate their products, provide better nutritional information to consumers and make investments in healthy food as responsible food businesses.

Eat-Right-Movement-3

Eat Right tool kit

  • The kit aims serve as supplementary engagement resource to be mainstreamed in national nutrition and public health programmes at grassroots level.
  • It includes components on eating safe such as maintaining hygiene and sanitation and food adulteration.
  • It has simple message on eating healthy food and avoiding food with high fat, sugar and salt.

Eat-Right-Movement-4

About Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI):

fssai

  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) is an agency of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
  • The FSSAI has been established under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 which is a consolidating statute related to food safety and regulation in India.
  • The FSSAI is led by a non-executive Chairperson, appointed by the Central Government.
  • The Chairperson is in the rank of Secretary to Government of India.
  • The agency also has 8 regional offices, 4 referral laboratories and 72 local laboratories located throughout India.

About Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2018:

The FSSAI has proposed new regulations to be called the Food Safety and Standards (Labelling and Display) Regulations, 2018.

The proposed regulations will prescribe the

  • labeling requirements of pre-packaged foods
  • display of essential information on premises where food is manufactured, processed, served and stored

The draft Regulation also states that HFSS (high in fat, sugar or salt) food products shall not be advertised to children in any form.

Under the proposed regulations, all food products having total Genetically Engineered (GE) ingredients 5% or more shall be labelled.

[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Economy

Andhra Ranks highest on DIPP’s Ease of Doing Business Index

Andhra Pradesh scored the top position in the DIPP (Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion) and World Bank’s jointly released ease of doing business index for states, leaving behind industry-focussed states such as Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.

iastoppers-ease-of-doing-business

Key facts:

DIPP’s Ease of Doing Business Index 2018

  • The next two spots for ease of doing business were grabbed by Telangana and Haryana respectively.
  • Delhi is placed at 23rd among 34 states and Union territories. Its rank also worsened from 18th in 2016.
  • Karnataka has occupied the eighth spot, against 13th in 2016.
  • The rankings are in accordance with the third edition of DIPP’s Business Reforms Action Plan (BRAP 2017).
  • The final rankings were arrived at after combining “reform evidence score” and “feedback score”.

About the BRAP 2017:

Business-Reforms-Action-Plan-2017

  • DIPP, Ministry of Commerce and Industry in collaboration with the World Bank conducted an annual reform exercise for all States and UTs under the Business Reform Action Plan (BRAP).
  • The aim of this exercise is to improve delivery of various Central Government regulatory functions and services in an efficient, effective and transparent manner.
  • BRAP 2017 includes two new sectors i.e. Healthcare and Hospitality.
  • The reform plan includes 372 recommendations for reforms on regulatory processes, policies, practices and procedures spread across 12 reform areas including labour regulation enablers; contract enforcement; registering property; inspection reform enablers; single window system; land availability and allotment; construction permit enablers etc.

Background:

  • This year, it is for the first time that the DIPP carried out a comprehensive business-to-government (B2G) feedback exercise, whereby feedback was taken from businesses on the quality of implementation of the reforms claimed by the states and Union territories (UTs).
[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Western Ghats bags fourth best tourist spot in Lonely Planet’s best Asia destinations list

Lonely Planet has just revealed its 2018 Best in Asia list, a collection of 10 of the best destinations to visit in the continent for the year.

Western-Ghats-beauty

  • The Western Ghats has figured in Lonely Planet’s top five “2018 Best in Asia” list, a collection of 10 of the best destinations to visit in the continent for the year.
  • Lonely Planet is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world.

Top destinations:

  • Busan, South Korea
  • Uzbekistan for its mosaic-clad mosques and Silk Road lore.
  • Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh City
  • Western Ghats of India
  • Nagasaki, Japan
  • Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Lumbini, Nepal
  • Arugam Bay, Sri Lanka
  • Sichuan province, China
  • Komodo National Park, Indonesia

Key facts:

Western Ghats map

  • The Western Ghats is older than the Himalayas and well known for its rich and unique flora and fauna.
  • It is one of the Hottest Biodiversity Hotspots and UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana), which has started blooming after 12 years in the famed hill station of Munnar has found mention in report.

Western Ghats map2

[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Bilateral & International Relations

India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre Inaugurated

The India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre was inaugurated at National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) premises in New Delhi.

India-Korea-Technology-Exchange-Centre-ias

About India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre:

  • The purpose of centre is to create platform for MSMEs of India and South Korea where they can be assisted to identify and exchange latest technologies, share management expertise, product development and technology applications for product development.
  • The centre will work towards identifying Indian technologies which can be exported to Korea and find suitable Korean partners for the same.
  • It will initiate various cooperative MSME projects complimenting each other’s strengths in MSME sector.
  • It will also create Technology Data Bank from each side to encourage technology transfers, production of high quality products in India.

Significance of this centre:

  • Korea has strong industrial base with well-developed small and medium enterprises (SME) sector, especially in advanced manufacturing technologies such as machinery & equipment, electronics, electrical machinery & equipment and robotics.
  • With this platform, SMEs of both the countries can learn from each other to enhance their comparative advantages and be competitive in the world.

About National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC):

National Small Industries Corporation logo

  • NSIC is a Mini Ratna PSU established by the Government of India in 1955.
  • It falls under Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises of India.
  • NSIC is the nodal office for several schemes of Ministry of MSME such as Performance & Credit Rating, Single Point Registration, MSME Databank, National SC ST Hub, etc.

Schemes of NSIC:

NSIC facilitates Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises with a set of specially tailored scheme to enhance their competitiveness.

  • MSME DataBank
  • National Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Hub
  • Performance & Credit Rating Scheme
  • Marketing Assistance Scheme
[Ref: PIB]

 

RS Chairman signs MoU with Rwanda counterpart on inter-parliamentary dialogue

India’s upper house of parliament Rajya Sabha and Senate of Rwanda has signed Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for promoting inter-parliamentary dialogue capacity building and cooperation.

Rwanda-Venkaiah-Naidu-RJ

Significance of this MoU:

  • This is for the first time in 76 years since Rajya Sabha came into being, it has entered into MoU with foreign counterpart for promoting inter-parliamentary dialogue.
  • Besides, it makes Venkaiah Naidu first Chairman of Rajya Sabha to sign such agreement with foreign counterpart.

Location of Rwanda:

Rwandais a sovereign state in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland.

Rwanda-map

  • Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country.
  • The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.
[Ref: PIB]

 

MoS HRD Upendra Kushwaha visits Marshall Islands; holds talks to boost ties

The Union Minister of State (MoS) for Human Resource Development Shri Upendra Kushwaha is on an Official Visit to the Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI).

Marshall-Islands-(RMI)-india

  • This is the first ever Ministerial visit from India to Majuro, Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI).

Where is Marshall Islands located?

iastoppers-marshall

  • The Marshall Islands is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line.
  • Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia.
  • The islands share maritime boundaries with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, Kiribati to the southeast, and Nauru to the south.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Defence & Security Issues

CRPF launches mobile help centre ‘Saathi’ for Amarnath pilgrims

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has launched Saathi, a mobile help centre to reach out to people undertaking annual pilgrimage to 3,880-metre high holy cave shrine of Amarnath.

Saathi-CRPF

  • It will provide help and information to yatris staying in camps outside the Bhagwati Nagar base camp in Jammu.
  • This will be in addition to security provided by CRPF to the yatra routes.

About Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF):

Established in 1939, CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India with total 246 Battalions.

Central Reserve Police Force ias

  • It functions under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • It was established under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence, it was made statutory police force after enactment of CRPF Act, 1949.
  • Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain the insurgency.
  • Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks among others.

Mission:

  • To enable government to maintain rule of law, public order and internal security effectively and efficiently,
  • To preserve national integrity and promote social harmony and development by upholding supremacy of the Constitution.
[Ref: Times of India]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

SNF@Workplace

carousel3

  • SNF@Workplace or the “Safe and Nutritious Food at Workplace” is nation-wide campaign to help people eat safe, eat healthy and eat right at their workplaces.
  • It promotes safe and healthy diets through The Orange Book (its resource book) and through FSSAI-trained Food Safety Supervisors (FSS) and Health and Wellness Coordinators (HWC) at every workplace across the country.

 

Topics
Current Affairs Analysis
Tags

Facebook

My Favourite Articles

  • Your favorites will be here.

Calendar Archive

November 2018
M T W T F S S
« Oct    
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
2627282930