Prelims 2020

12th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Konark Sun Temple; Asian Productivity Organization (APO); Integrate to Innovate Programme (I2I); Junior Heritage Mistri Scheme; Assamese Muslims;
By IASToppers
August 12, 2020

 

 

 

Assam’s Welfare of Minorities and Development Department recently announced plans to hold a census of which four communities who are broadly known as Assamese Muslims?

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Answer:

  • Goriya, Moriya, Deshi, and Julha.

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Assam’s Welfare of Minorities and Development Department has announced plans to hold a census of four communities broadly known as “Assamese Muslims” —Goriya, Moriya, Deshi, and Julha.

Who are these communities?

  • While there is little documentary evidence but Goriyas, Moriyas and Deshis come under the umbrella of indigenous Assamese, historically.
  • Taking oral traditions, cultural practices, and languages into account, Muslims have settled in Assam at least 600-700 years ago and the evidence of the settlements in Assam date back to the early 13th century following Bhaktiyaruddin Khalji’s invasion.
  • This can be corroborated in the Kanai Barashil Bowa Sil inscription in North Guwahati.

Different communities:

  1. GORIYA:
  • They trace their lineage back to the time of the 13th-century Ahom kings.
  • Many came with Muslim armies and were captured in warfare and after they were released, they mingled with the mainstream society — so even today, most of their cultural traditions match Assamese customs.
  • In Edward Gait’s a History of Assam, Goriyas are described as hailing from Gaur, the ancient “Mahammadan capital” of Bengal.
  1. MORIYA:
  • The Moriyas came around the 1500s and were exceptionally good with crafts — especially bell metal.
  1. JULHA:
  • Julha Muslims were up-country people (from Bihar and UP) who came to Assam along with the railway expansion during British rule.
  • They were of various professions: tent-makers, rope-makers, weavers, machine drillers.
  • The census will look only at those Julhas who belong to the tea tribes and primarily reside in Golaghat and Jorhat.
  1. DESHI:
  • The Deshis hail from lower Assam.
  • Their ancestors are said to be converts from the Koch Rajbongshi kingdomin the early 13th century.
  • A tribal chieftain called Ali Mechconverted to Islam with his followers.
  • They speak the Deshi language, which is very similar to the Koch Rajbongshi language, and are approximately 20 lakhs in population.

Muslim population in Assam:

  • According to Census 2011, Muslims constituted over a third (34.22%) of Assam’s 12 crore population.
  • It is generally understood that Miya Muslims form the largest group.
  • The census leaves out the Miya Muslim community— which comprises descendants of migrants from East Bengal (now Bangladesh).

Significance:

  • The census will help the indigenous Assamese Muslims benefit from Clause 6 of the 1985 Assam Accord and other schemes too.
  • This will end the major identity crisisof these communities since they are confused with Bangladeshis.
  • There are the speculations that it will marginalise the Miya community even more.

 

 

 

Which Temple known is as the Black pagoda: (a) Konark Sun Temple OR (b) Jagannath Temple?

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Answer: Konark Sun Temple. Jagannath Temple  is known as White Pagoda.

Enrich Your Learning:

Konark Sun Temple

  • Konark Sun Templeis a 13th-century CE Sun temple at Konark, on the coastline of Odisha.
  • The temple is attributed to king Narasinga Deva Iof the Eastern Ganga Dynasty about 1250 CE.
  • Dedicated to the Hindu Sun God Surya,the temple complex has a 100-foot high chariot with immense wheels and horses, all carved from stone.
  • Also called the Surya Devalaya, it is a classic illustration of the Odisha style of Architecture orKalinga Architecture.
  • This temple was called the “Black Pagoda” in European sailor accounts as early as 1676 CE because its great tower appeared black and the Jagannath Temple in Puri was called the “White Pagoda”.
  • Both temples served as important landmarks for sailors in the Bay of Bengal.
  • It has been declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1984, it remains a major pilgrimage site for Hindus, who gather here every year for the Chandrabhaga Melaaround the month of February.
  • The temple that exists today has been partially restored by the conservation efforts of British India-era archaeological teams and by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) post-independence.

 

 

 

What do you know about Junior Heritage Mistri Scheme?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Junior Heritage Mistri Scheme

  • Junior Heritage Mistri Program was launched in 2017.
  • The scheme comes under the Centre’s Heritage Mason programme.
  • Rajasthan was chosen as a pilot State for the scheme in view of its rich architectural heritage.
  • Under the programme, thegovernment has started training youths on indigenous building practices, arts and crafts, traditional structures and knowledge systems, with an emphasis on preservation of heritage architecture.
  • The institution promotes construction practices based on adaptive reuse of traditional technology blended with modern techniques.

 

 

 

What is the objective of ‘Integrate to Innovate Programme’ which was launched in 2018 under ‘Invest India’?

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Answer:

  • It is three-month programme for startups in the power sector to foster collaboration between startups and large corporations of the energy sector.

Enrich Your Learning:

Integrate to Innovate Programme (I2I)

  • Invest India under Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) in partnership with energy companies has launched Integrate to Innovate Programme for startups in energy sector.
  • It is three-month programme for startups in the power sector aims to foster collaboration between startups and large corporations of the energy sector.
  • I2I programme will provide opportunity for startups for collaboration and conversation around valuable energy transitions by bringing their ideas to life with guidance and support from corporates.
  • The selected startups will receive cash prize grant of up to Rs 5 lakh along with opportunity to pilot their product with corporates.
  • The corporates will offer selected startups access to technology, technical and commercial mentorship and access to potential customers through corporate network of partners.

 

 

 

Is India a member of Asian Productivity Organization (APO)?

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Answer: India is a member of Asian Productivity Organization.

Enrich Your Learning:

Asian Productivity Organization (APO)

  • The Asian Productivity Organization (APO) is a union of 20 Asian countries headquartered in Tokyo that joined forces to promote socioeconomic development in the region and among members.
  • It was established May 11, 1961, as a regional, intergovernmental organization and is considered to be non-political, non-profit, and non-discriminatory.
  • Current members of the Asian Productivity Organization (APO) are Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Fiji, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • It conducts research, offers advice, promotes sustainable development, and encourages members to share information and technology among themselves.
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