IASToppers-Current-Affairs-Analysis-12th-Mar-2016
Current Affairs Analysis

12th March 2016 Current Affairs Analysis

By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
March 12, 2016

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • SC dismisses plea to name country ‘Bharata’
  • Use of words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ does not violate law, says Centre

Environment & Ecology

  • ‘Kumki’ patrols to tackle man-animal conflicts

International Relations

  • Mexico opposes India’s UNSC bid

Science & Technology

  • World’s thinnest lens developed

Also in News

  • Global recognition for ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’


Polity & Governance

 


SC dismisses plea to name country ‘Bharata’

 

The Supreme Court has dismissed a plea demanding changing the name of ‘India’ to ‘Bharat’.

Court’s rulings:

  • The court observed, “Every Indian has the right to choose between calling his country “Bharat” or “India”, and the Supreme Court has no business to either dictate or decide for a citizen what he should call his country.”

The court also took strong exception to the petitioner asking him whether he thinks it has nothing else to do and reminded him that Public Interest Litigations (PILs) are meant for “poor”.

Background:

  • Earlier, the bench, then headed by Chief Justice of India HL Dattu, had sought responses from the Centre, the states and Union Territories on the plea which called for restraining the Centre from using the name of India for any government purposes and in official papers.
  • The plea had sought a direction to NGOs and corporates that they should use term ‘Bharat’ for all official and unofficial purposes.
  • The PIL said in the Constituent Assembly, the prominent suggestions for naming the country were “Bharat, Hindustan, Hind and Bharatbhumi or Bharatvarsh and names of that kind”.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Use of words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ does not violate law, says Centre

 

What’s the issue?

  • The Bombay High Court has sought responses from actor Aamir Khan and Star TV to a public interest litigation plea by an activist that objects to the use of the phrase Satyameva Jayate, the name of their popular TV programme, as it is a part of the emblem of India.

Central Govt.’s response:

  • Responding to the petition, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) in its affidavit said the use of the phrase ‘Satyameva Jayate’ was not in violation of the State Emblem of India (Prohibition and Improper Use) Act and State Emblem of India (Regulation of Use) Rules.
  • The Act and Rules prohibit improper use of the State Emblem of India as a whole. However, there is no provision which prohibits the use of its part like Satyameva Jayate , the lion, the bull, the horse and so on. Hence the use of the words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ in a TV programme does not violate any provision of the Act and Rules.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Environment & Ecology

 

‘Kumki’ patrols to tackle man-animal conflicts

 

To reduce man-animal conflict in Wayanad wildlife sanctuary in Kerala, the Kerala State Forest and Wildlife Department has intensified night patrolling by ‘Kumki’ in human settlements on the fringes of the sanctuary.

Who is Kumki?

Kumki is the Tamil name for captive, trained Indian elephants.

  • These are used mostly for taming and training of newly captured wild elephants and also to lead away wild elephants that stray into human settlements. They are also used for the purpose of breeding.
  • Kumkis are not the same elephants widely found in Indian temples. An elephant has to undergo extensive training before it can become a Kumki. Several animal activists have appealed against this training system.
  • The Kumkis are trained to scare away wild pachyderms into the forest, either by using their trunk or tusks.

[Ref: Hindu, Wiki]

 

International Relations

 

Mexico opposes India’s UNSC bid

 

India’s quest for permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) now faces a new challenge with Mexico coming out in opposition to India’s campaign.

Reasons for opposition put forth by Mexico:

  • Mexico thinks adding more permanent members in the Security Council is not the solution to the existing problem.
  • More veto power-wielding permanent members will mean more paralysis of the U.N. Instead, it has argued for a compromise with India and India can opt for long-term membership with possibilities of election.

Present scenario of UNSC:

  • As of now, there are 15 members on the UNSC. Five of those, including the US, UK, France, China and Russia are permanent members.
  • These members have the all-important veto power (essentially a negative vote) which would mean that a “resolution or decision would not be approved”.
  • The remaining 10 non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms, starting 1 January. Five members are replaced each year. India has been elected as a non-permanent member to the UNSC for seven such terms.

Other countries’ stand:

India, since long time, has been demanding expansion of UNSC and its inclusion as permanent member in it.

  • The U.S. is supporting India’s claim for a permanent UNSC seat, but it has been calling for consensus before reforms can move ahead.
  • Pakistan is opposed to India, while China has been ambiguous in its approach though not openly opposed to reforms.
  • Russia, France and UK have clarified that they are open to supporting India’s bid for a permanent seat in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

[Ref: Hindu]

 

Science & Technology

 

World’s thinnest lens developed

 

Australian scientists have developed world’s thinnest lens which is 2000 times thinner than human hair.

  • The newly developed lens is 6.3 nanometres thick. Previous versions of lenses were 50 nanometres thick.
  • Scientists have used a crystal of molybdenum disulphide as a special ingredient in this lens.
  • This lens could have revolutionary applications in medicine, science and technology and can also be used to create bendable TV and computer screens.

About Molybdenum disulphide:

  • Molybdenum disulphide is in a class of materials known as chalcogenide glasses that have flexible electronic characteristics that have made them popular for high-technology components.
  • Molybdenum disulphide crystal’s refractive index, the property that quantifies the strength of a material’s effect on light, has a high value of 5.5. For comparison, diamond, whose high refractive index causes its sparkle, is only 2.4, and water’s refractive index is 1.3.
  • Also, it survives at high temperatures, is a lubricant, a good semiconductor and can emit photons too.

[Ref: Hindu, BS]

 

Also in News

 

Global recognition for ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’

 

Compassionate Kozhikode’ has been chosen by ITB (Internationale Tourismus-Börse) Berlin, as one of the 50 inspirational global projects to highlight as part of its golden jubilee celebrations.

  • The project is the only such initiative from India to receive the coveted recognition, it is one of just three in the whole of Asia.

About the Project:

  • ‘Compassionate Kozhikode’ aims at bringing government agencies and citizens to volunteer to make Kozhikode an inspirational destination for them to live in, and invite others to visit.
  • The project starts from the idea that a destination is first and foremost a place where people live.
  • It focuses its efforts on making Kozhikode a better place for its citizens.

[Ref: Hindu]

 

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