Prelims 2020

12th September 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

AGMARK; Terms of Trade (TOT); Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE); ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus (ADMM-Plus); Naval exercises;
By IASToppers
September 12, 2020

 

 

 

Which naval exercises is conducted jointly by India and France: (a) VARUNA OR (b) GARUDA?

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Answer:

  • VARUNA naval exercises is conducted jointly by India and France.
  • GARUDA is the Air exercise between India and France.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • India and France carried out their largest-ever naval exercise ‘Varuna’ as part of their expanding strategic partnership at Goa and Karwar in May 2019.
  • This comes after the successful operationalisation of the logistics support agreement between India and France under which Indian warships can access the French bases like Reunion Islands and in Djibouti.
  • Under the same pact, French anti-aircraft destroyer FNS Cassard had docked at the Mumbai naval port in January 2019.
  • This was second such logistics support agreement signed by India after the one signed by it with United States (US) in 2016.

 

 

 

What are the six priority areas for ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus (ADMM-Plus)?

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Answer:

  • Maritime security
  • Counter-terrorism
  • Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief
  • Peacekeeping operations
  • Military medicine
  • Humanitarian mine action

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Defence Minister of India attended the ADMM-Plus meeting where Defence Ministers of ASEAN countries.

About ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting-Plus (ADMM-Plus):

  • The ADMM-Plus is a platform for ASEAN and its eight Dialogue Partners to strengthen security and defence cooperation.
  • The Inaugural ADMM-Plus was convened in Ha Noi, Viet Nam in

Objectives:

  • To benefit ASEAN member countries to address shared security challenges,
  • To enhance regional peace and stability through cooperation in defence and security,
  • To contribute to the realization of an ASEAN Security Community as stipulated in the Bali Concord II.
  • To facilitate the implementation of the Vientiane Action Programme, this calls for ASEAN to build a peaceful and prosperous ASEAN.

Six priority areas of ADMM-Plus:

  • Maritime security
  • Counter-terrorism
  • Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief
  • Peacekeeping operations
  • Military medicine
  • Humanitarian mine action (added separately in 2013)

 

 

 

The Learning about Forests (LEAF) and Young Reporters for Environment (YRE) are programmes of which international non-profit organization?

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Answer:

  • The Learning about Forests (LEAF) and Young Reporters for Environment (YRE) are programmes of ‘Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE)’.

Enrich Your Learning:

Foundation for Environmental Education (FEE)

  • The FEE is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation promoting sustainable development through environmental education.
  • It was established in
  • It is headquartered at Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • With members in 77 countries they are the world’s largest environmental education organisation and through our five programmes we strive to make a difference every day.
  • Recognised by UNESCO and UNEP as a world-leader within the fields of Environmental Education and Education for Sustainable Development, our strength comes from our members who share our conviction and execute our programmes on a daily basis.
  • It is active through five programmes:
    • Eco-Schools,
    • Blue Flag,
    • Young Reporters for Environment (YRE),
    • Green Key and
    • Learning about Forests (LEAF).

Mission of FEE:

  • To engage and empower people through education in collaboration with our members and partners worldwide.

 

 

 

The ratio between a country’s export prices and its import prices is called?

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Answer:

  • The ratio between a country’s export prices and its import prices is called Terms of Trade.

Enrich Your Learning:

Terms of Trade (TOT)

  • Terms of trade (TOT) represent the ratio between a country’s export prices and its import prices.
  • The TOT is used as an indicator of a country’s economic health, but it can lead analysts to draw the wrong conclusions.
  • TOT measurements are often recorded in an index for economic monitoring purposes.
  • The ratio is calculated by dividing the price of the exports by the price of the imports and multiplying the result by 100.
  • When more capital is leaving the country than is entering into the country, then a country’s TOT is less than 100%.
  • An improvement or increase in a country’s TOT generally indicates that export prices have gone up as import prices have either maintained or dropped.

 

 

 

On what type of products, the certification mark ‘AGMARK’ is employed?

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Answer:

  • AGMARK is a certification mark employed on agricultural products in India, assuring that they conform to a set of standards approved by the Directorate of Marketing and Inspection.

Enrich Your Learning:

AGMARK

  • This mark is issued by Directorate of Marketing and Inspection of the Government of India and applies to agricultural products.
  • The AGMARK is legally enforced in India by the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act of 1937 (and amended in 1986).
  • The present AGMARK standards cover quality guidelines for 205 different commodities spanning a variety of Pulses, Cereals, Essential Oils, Vegetable Oils, Fruits & Vegetables, and semi-processed products like Vermicelli.

Agmark Laboratories:

  • The Agmark certification is employed through fully state-owned AGMARK laboratories located across the nation which act as testing and certifying centres.
  • In addition to the Central AGMARK Laboratory (CAL) in Nagpur, there are Regional AGMARK Laboratories (RALs) in 11 nodal cities (Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Kanpur, Kochi, Guntur, Amritsar, Jaipur, Rajkot, and Bhopal).
  • Each of the regional laboratories is equipped with and specializes in the testing of products of regional significance. Hence the product range that could be tested varies across the centres.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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