ias-toppers-Myanmar-border
Current Affairs Analysis

13th June 2017 Current Affairs Analysis – IASToppers

Panel to study free movement along Myanmar border; ‘Project Jal Sanchay’; Three new sites recognised as biodiversity hotspots in Goa; Easy-to-assemble toilet; Anuyatra campaign; Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA); 12th June: World Day Against Child Labour
By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
June 13, 2017

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • ‘Project Jal Sanchay’ chosen for national award

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Three new sites recognised as biodiversity hotspots in Goa

Defence & Security Issues

  • Panel to study free movement along Myanmar border

Science & Technology

  • Scientists come up with easy-to-assemble toilet

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Anuyatra campaign
  • 22nd APEDA Annual Award
  • 12th June: World Day Against Child Labour

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Polity & Governance

‘Project Jal Sanchay’ chosen for national award

‘Project Jal Sanchay’ has been selected for the national award for excellence in the Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee programme (MGNREGP), by the ministry of rural development.

ias-toppers-Project-Jal-Sanchay

  • ‘Project Jal Sanchay’ is a model of water conservation adopted successfully by the authorities in Nalanda district of south central Bihar.

Evolution of the project:

  • Nalanda has been an agriculture oriented district, but it always remained affected by drought like conditions, which impacted cultivation and farm production. Though, during monsoon there were flash floods in the area, the water run off used to be so high that within 15 days the entire water got washed away.

It was under these conditions that ‘project jal sanchay’ was launched under MGRNREGP, to offer farmers a wide spectrum of solutions to their water crisis.

About the project:

  • Under the project, check dams and traditional Aahar-Pyne irrigation systems were created.
  • In addition, traditional water bodies were desilted and renovated.
  • Campaigns about the usefulness of rainwater harvesting were also carried out.
  • The project was a mix of modern day techniques and technologies with traditional knowledge and got evolved into a holistic program to conserve water.
  • As a result of the implementation of the project, availability of water got improved drastically which positively impacted the farm production in the district.
[Ref: Hindustan Times]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Three new sites recognised as biodiversity hotspots in Goa

BirdLife International, a conservation organisation, has recognised three new sites in Goa as hotspots for protection.

ias toppers biodiversity hotspots in Goa

  • The sites have been added to their list of “Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas”.

Previous four:

Earlier, Goa had four recognised biodiversity areas:

  1. Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary and Mollem National Park,
  2. Carambolim Wetlands,
  3. Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary and
  4. Mhadei Wildlife Sanctuary.

Latest three:

The list has now added three biodiversity areas

  1. Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary,
  2. Navelim Wetlands and
  3. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary.

What if a site is declared an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area?

  • Declaring a site as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area does not ensure that the site gets legal protection or becomes inaccessible to people.
  • Instead BirdLife International encourages national and State governments to recognise the areas as sites of vital importance for conservation of wildlife and to empower local community-based conservation initiatives.

Background:

  • Goa probably has more sites than the seven identified but a lack of systematic effort in the past to document birds created a void of data because of which conservationist could not propose more sites to BNHS, which coordinates the programme in India.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Defence & Security Issues

Panel to study free movement along Myanmar border

The Union Home Ministry has constituted an expert committee to examine methods to curb the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border.

ias toppers Indo-Myanmar border expert committee

  • The committee would be headed by Rina Mitra, Special Secretary-Internal Security.
  • The committee will examine the present rules and regulations adopted by the border States for implementation of free movement regime.
  • The decision to constitute an MHA panel was taken at a meeting of chief ministers of the northeastern states which share a border with Myanmar.
  • This is for the first time that meeting with the state governments has been called to discuss the issues concerning the Myanmar border.

What’s the issue?

ias toppers Indo-Myanmar border2

  • Indo-Myanmar border is unique in many ways as it has a visa-free movement regime for people living within 16 kms on either side of the border.
  • They can stay up to 72 hours with effective and valid permits issued by the designated authority on either side.
  • This regime has been in place keeping in view the traditional social ties among the border people.
  • However, it is misused by militants and criminals who smuggle weapons, narcotics, contraband goods and fake Indian currency notes (FICN).
  • Taking advantage of the free-movement regime, occasionally they enter India, commit crimes and escape to their relatively safer hideouts.

Background:

  • In the last few years, this is the second time a committee is being constituted to study the free movement across the Myanmar border. In 2015, a high-level committee submitted its report.
  • The report suggested changing the “misnomer” related to “free border movement” and asked the government to replicate the model prevalent in villages and areas along the Bangladesh border.
  • The report has suggested dedicated crossing points in border villages, where policemen would be made in charge of regulating the movement of people.

Key facts:

  • India’s 1,643-km border with Myanmar touches four states: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Science & Technology

Scientists come up with easy-to-assemble toilet

The CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre (SERC), Chennai, has developed a cost-effective toilet.

ias toppers easy-to-assemble toilet

Key facts about the toilet:

  • The cost-effective toilet weighs less than 500kg and has a life of 25-30 years.
  • It can be made in-situ and even assembled in under five hours.
  • It has been built with the help of the textile reinforced concrete (TRC) panels.
  • The TRC panels are manufactured using textile reinforced concrete prototyping technology (TRCPT), an innovative all-in-one technology developed by CSIR-SERC, for which the Indian patent was applied for in 2014.
  • The same panel can be used as doors, roofing, walls and even flooring.
  • It is corrosion-free and depending on how it is fixed, can withstand wind. No mould is required to make these sheets that vary in thickness from 15mm to 25mm.
  • These panels used in the toilets are non-load bearing ones, but load-bearing walls and panels too can be designed.
  • For now, each toilet costs between ₹12,000 and ₹ 15,000. With buildtex (textile used in building applications) being manufactured in India, the cost is expected to come down further. Buildtex is also being used in roads to prevent water seepage, and for replacing roofing sheets.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Anuyatra campaign

ias-toppers-Anuyatra-campaign

  • It is a campaign for persons with special needs launched by the Kerala state government.
  • The innovative initiative is aimed at transforming the state to a disabled-friendly one and empower differently-abled children by bringing them to the forefront of the mainstream society.
  • A group of differently-abled children who received special training in magic, have become brand ambassadors of Anuyatra.
  • The MPower programme managed by the Kerala Social Security Mission (KSSM) under the social justice department is being implemented in collaboration with the Magic Academy.

 

22nd APEDA Annual Award

ias toppers APEDA

  • Recently, the 22nd annual award of Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has been organized.
  • APEDA is an apex body of the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, to promote the export of agricultural commodities and processed food products.
  • APEDA links Indian exporters to global markets besides providing comprehensive export oriented services.
  • APEDA provides referral services and suggest suitable partners for joint ventures.
  • APEDA’s export basket ranges from typically Indian ethnic products like pickles, chutneys, sauces, curries etc. to rice, honey, fresh and processed fruits and vegetables, beverages, guar gum, poultry, livestock products, confectionery, cut flowers, food grains, aromatic plants and other Indian delicacies.
  • Vietnam, UAE, Saudi Arabia, USA, Iran, Iraq and Nepal are the major destinations for export of food products from India.

 

12th June: World Day Against Child Labour

ias-toppers-World-Day-Against-Child-Labour

  • The World Day Against Child Labour, which is held every year on June 12, is intended to foster the worldwide movement against child labour in any of its forms.
  • 2017 theme: ‘In conflicts and disasters, protect children from child labour’.
  • The International Labour Organization (ILO), the United Nations body which regulates the world of work, launched the World Day Against Child Labour in 2002 in order to bring attention and join efforts to fight against child labour.

 

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