Prelims 2020

15th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

National Deworming Day; GOBAR-Dhan Yojana; Hamari Dharohar Scheme; 90:90:90 targets; Quality Council of India (QCI);
By IASToppers
August 15, 2020

 

 

 

Quality Council of India (QCI) is an autonomous body that assures quality standards across all spheres of education in India. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer: Wrong

Correct Answer:

  • Quality Council of India (QCI) is an autonomous body that assures quality standards across all spheres of economic and social activities.

Enrich Your Learning:

Quality Council of India (QCI)

  • Quality Council of India (QCI) was set up in 1997 as an autonomous body.
  • It was set up jointly by the Government of India and the Indian Industry represented by the three premier industry associations i.e.
  • Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM),
  • Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and
  • Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).
  • It aims to establish and operate national accreditation structure and promote quality through National Quality Campaign.
  • The Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, Ministry of Commerce & Industry,is the nodal ministry for QCI.
  • QCI is registered as a non-profit society with its own Memorandum of Association.
  • QCI is governed by a Council of 38 members with equal representations of government, industry and consumers.
  • Chairman of QCI is appointed by the Prime Minister on recommendation of the industry to the government.

 

 

 

90:90:90 targets are related to which diseases: (a) AIDS OR (b) H1N1?

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Answer: 90:90:90 targets are related to AIDS.

Enrich Your Learning:

90-90-90

  • The Joint United Nations Programmeon HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) 90-90-90 targets set in 2014 prompted action to ensure that 90% of people living with HIV (PLHIV) know their status, 90% of PLHIV who know their status are on antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 90% of PLHIV on ART are achieving viral suppression by 2020.
  • WHO predicts that Sweden will be first country to achieve this target.
  • To achieve this target, the UN has called the countries to take measures in their own countries.
  • Ending the AIDS epidemic is more than a historic obligation to the 39 million people who have died of the disease.
  • Powerful momentum is now building towards a new narrative on HIV treatment and a new, final, ambitious, but achievable target:
  • By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status.
  • By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy.
  • By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.

 

 

 

Which union ministry host conclave under “Hamari Dharohar” scheme: a) Ministry of Home Affairs OR b) Ministry of Minority Affairs OR c) Ministry of culture?

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Answer: Ministry of Minority Affairs

Enrich Your Learning:

Hamari Dharohar Scheme

  • The scheme aimed preservation of rich heritage and culture of minority communities of India.
  • Funding under the scheme is project based and not State/District-wise.
  • It aims to support duration of iconic exhibitions, calligraphy, research and development, etc.
  • A project has been initiated to translate documents belonging to medieval period on the subjects of Medicines, Mathematics, and Literature from Arabic language to English.

 

 

 

Which scheme of Indian government focuses on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to compost, biogas and bio-CNG?

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Answer:

  • The Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) focuses on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to compost, biogas and bio-CNG.

Enrich Your Learning:

GOBAR-Dhan Yojana

  • The Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme was first announced by Finance Minister during his budget speech in 2018.
  • The scheme would focus on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to compost, biogas and bio-CNG.
  • It will help in keeping the village clean while increasing the income of farmers and cattle herders.

Significance of the GOBAR-Dhan Yojana:

  • The scheme will be hugely beneficial for country as India is home to highest cattle population in world (around 300 million in number) which produces around 3 million tonnes of dung.
  • It will encourage farmers to consider dung and other waste not just as waste but as source of income.
  • Under it, biogas generation will help to increase self-reliance in energy utilized for cooking and lighting.
  • Under it, villagers will be mobilized to create self-help groups (SHGs) and creative societies that will help in clean energy and green jobs initiative.

 

 

National deworming day is celebrated on which date in India? What is the objective of this day?

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Answer:

The National Deworming Day is held on 10 February and 10 August each year. It is a single fixed-day approach to treating intestinal worm infections in all children aged 1- 19 years,

Enrich Your Learning:

National Deworming Day

  • To combat Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) infections, the Ministry has adopted a single day strategy called National Deworming Day (NDD) wherein single dose of albendazole is administered to children from 1-19 years of age group schools and anganwadi centres.
  • It is held on 10 Februaryand 10 August each year each year.
  • The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare is the nodal agency for providing all States/UTs with guidelines related to National Deworming Day (NDD) implementation at all levels.
  • The programme is being implemented through the combined efforts of Department of School Education and Literacy underMinistry of Human Resource and DevelopmentMinistry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Rural Development, Ministry of Urban Development, and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) also provide support to deworming program.
  • To increase programme outreach to private schools and maximize deworming benefits for large number of children various awareness activities (media mix) are involved under the programme.
  • According to World Health Organization 241 million children between the ages of 1 and 14 years are at risk of parasitic intestinal worms in India, also known as Soil Transmitted Helminths.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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