Prelims 2021

15th October 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

OSIRIS-Rex Mission; Gaofen-13; Judicial Activism; Maru Mani; Gyan circle Ventures;
By IASToppers
October 15, 2020

 

 

 

What is Maru Mani?

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Answer:

  • Maru Mani is a social media campaign for receiving monetary support from the public for preserving the rich heritage of traditional music and dance forms of the Thar desert.

Enrich your Learning:

Maru Mani

  • Maru Mani is a social media campaign for receiving monetary support from the public for preserving the rich heritage of traditional music and dance forms of the Thar desert.
  • The main reason is COVID-19 lockdown affecting the performances and posing a challenge to art forms.
  • Under the initiative, folk musicians would be provided with guidance for creating multimedia content with their art, utilising smartphones to leverage social media platforms.
  • A crowdfunding platform has also been created for community mobilisation to get financial support.

Key Facts:

  • Langas and Manganiyars are hereditary professional Muslim musicians residing mostly in Rajasthan’s Jaisalmer and Barmer districts.

 

 

 

Gyan circle Ventures will provide investment, infrastructure and mentoring support to Educational institutes. True or False?

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Answer:

  • Gyan circle Ventures will serve as a hub for innovation and startups by providing support, in various phases, via investments, infrastructure and mentoring.

Enrich Your Learning:

Gyan circle Ventures

  • Recently, the Union Minister for Education virtually inaugurated the Gyan Circle Ventures, a MeitY funded Technology Business Incubator (TBI)of Indian Institute of Information Technology, Sri City (Chittoor), Andhra Pradesh.

Features:

  • Gyan Circle Ventures would function as a Technology Incubation and Development of Entrepreneurs (TIDE 2.0) incubation centre.
  • Serve as a hub for innovation and startups by providing support, in various phases, via investments, infrastructure and mentoring.
  • Focus on emerging technologies such as Artificial Intelligence (AI), Block-chain, Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Cyber Security, Internet of Things (IoT), Robotics, etc.
  • Will have an Advisory Committee comprising leading Industrialists, entrepreneurs and technical experts.

 

 

 

What is judicial activism?

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Answer:

  • The assertion of the judiciary and its power is referred to as judicial activism.

Enrich Your Learning:

Judicial Activism:

  • The assertion of the judiciary and its power is referred to as judicial activism.
  • It is also known as the overactive judiciary.
  • Public Interest Litigation (PIL) made judicial activism possible in India
  • Few landmark cases that highlight judicial activism are Keshvanand Bharati Vs. Kerala, Minerva Mills Vs. Union of India, India of Gaudlis Vs. Raj Naraian & SP Vs. Union of India etc.
  • Judicial activism has helped improve the lives of the disadvantaged sections of the society

Criticism:

  • Personal opinions of the judges metamorphose into legal principles and constitutional values.
  • Judiciary encroaching upon spheres of the legislature and the executive and thus violating the principle of separation of powers.
  • For instance, the declaration of law by the Supreme Court that the Indian Parliament has no power to amend any of the provisions of Part III of the Constitution became the subject matter of very animated discussion.

 

 

 

The aim of Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-Rex) mission is to?

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Answer:

  • OSIRIS-Rex aims to study asteroid 101955 Bennu, a carbonaceous asteroid and return to Earth a sample for detailed analysis in 2023.

About the Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS REx) Spacecraft

  • The OSIRIS-REx spacecraft will perform the historic event of descending to the asteroid Bennu.

About OSIRIS-Rex Mission:

  • The Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS REx) is a planned NASA asteroid study and sample return mission.

Aim:

  • To study asteroid 101955 Bennu, a carbonaceous asteroid and return to Earth a sample for detailed analysis in 2023.

Significance:

  • Material returned is expected to enable scientists to learn more about the time before the formation and evolution of the Solar System, initial stages of planet formation, and the source of organic compounds which led to the formation of life.

Why Bennu?

  • Bennu was chosen as target asteroid for the mission as it was fit in the three criteria: accessibility, size and composition.
  • A spacecraft can easily travel to, retrieve a sample from and return to Earth, all within a few years.
  • Bennu had similar orbit to Earth.

 

 

 

What is Gaofen-13?

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Answer:

  • Gaofen-13 is a Chinese high-orbit optical remote sensing satellite.

Enrich your Learning:

Gaofen-13

  • Gaofen-13 was recently launched by China using the Long March-3B carrier rocket.
  • It is a high-orbit optical remote sensing satellite.
  • Its applications include land surveys, crop yield estimation, environmental management, meteorological early warning and forecast, and among others.
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Prelims 2021 Daily Current Flash Cards 2020
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