Prelims 2021

16th October 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Lantana camara; Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary; Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE); Dhaulasidh Hydro Electric Project; Partnership for Maternal, New-born and Child Health (PMNCH); Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority (EPCA);
By IASToppers
October 16, 2020

 

 

 

What is Partnership for Maternal, New-born and Child Health (PMNCH) Accountability Breakfast aimed at?

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Solution: Action for the health and rights of women, children and adolescents.

Enrich your learning:

PMNCH Accountability Breakfast:

  • The Partnership for Maternal, New-born and Child Health (PMNCH) Accountability Breakfast is a flagship annual event on the side of the UN General Assembly – traditionally attracts speakers from top levels of government, civil society, academia, and the UN.

Why in news?

  • The Ministry for Health and Family Welfare participated in the Accountability Breakfast (September 2020) to discuss the issues of maternal and child health.
  • The event was co-hosted by the White Ribbon Alliance (WRA) and Every Woman Every Child (EWEC).
  • Theme: Protecting gains in Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health from the COVID pandemic.

About PMNCH:

  • The Partnership for Maternal, New-born and Child Health (PMNCH) is a global health partnership founded in 2005.
  • It is hosted at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland which joins the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) communities into an alliance.
  • It aims at action for the health and rights of women, children and adolescents.

 

 

 

What is the significance of Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE)?

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Solution: PAGE represents a mechanism to coordinate UN action on green economy and to assist countries in achieving and monitoring emerging Sustainable Development Goals, especially SDG 8.

Enrich your learning:

Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE):

  • The Partnership for Action on Green Economy (PAGE) was launched in 2013 as a response to the call at Rio+20 to support those countries wishing to embark on greener and more inclusive growth trajectories.
  • PAGE supports nations and regions in reframing economic policies and practices around sustainability to foster economic growth, create income and jobs, reduce poverty and inequality, and strengthen the ecological foundations of their economies.
  • It brings together five UN agencies – UN Environment, International Labour Organization, UN Development Programme, UN Industrial Development Organization, and UN Institute for Training and Research.
  • The mandates, expertise and networks combined can offer integrated and holistic support to countries on inclusive green economy, ensuring coherence and avoiding duplication.
  • It represents a mechanism to coordinate UN action on green economy and to assist countries in achieving and monitoring the emerging Sustainable Development Goals, especially SDG 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

 

 

 

What is the main work of the Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority?

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Solution: To prevent and control the environmental pollution in the National Capital Region, assist the Supreme Court in preparing Reports and also in monitoring the implementation of the Courts Orders.

Enrich your learning:

Environment Pollution Control Authority:

  • The Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority (EPCA) was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
  • EPCA was appointed by the Supreme Court under the supervision of the Central Pollution Control Board.
  • It is also mandated to enforce Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in Delhi as per the pollution levels.
  • Its main work has been to assist the Supreme Court in preparing Reports and also in monitoring the implementation of the Courts Orders.

Objective of EPCA:

  • To protect and improve the quality of the environment and prevent and control the environmental pollution in the National Capital Region.

Power of EPCA:

  • The reason why EPCA is an authority, and not just an advisory committee, is because it has powers similar to those enjoyed by the Centre.
  • It can issue directions in writing to any person, officer or authority, including for – but not limited to – stoppage of electricity, water and other services.
  • If its directions are not followed, it has powers to file criminal complaints before courts.
  • The EPCA has been empowered to take suo motu action as well as on the basis of complaints made by any individual, representative body or organisation functioning in the environmental issues sector.
  • EPCA has important power for redressal of grievances through complaints.

 

 

 

Dhaulasidh Hydro Electric Project is initiated in which state of India?

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Solution: Himanchal Pradesh

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Dhaulasidh Hydro Electric Project:

  • The 66-Megawatt Dhaulasidh Hydro Electric Project was initially envisaged on October 27, 2008, between SJVN limited and the government of Himachal Pradesh.
  • The project is a run of river scheme on river Beas at Dhaulasidh, about 10 km downstream of Sujanpur in Distt Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh.

Details:

  • It is a concrete gravity dam, 70-meter high 195-meter long.
  • The dam would create a reservoir of about 20 Kilometres.
  • The Dam Toe Power House is planned on the left bank of river Beas which would house the complete Machines of two generating units of capacity 33 MW each.
  • The project will generate 304 Million Units of energy annually and generate employment for 1000 persons.
  • Besides adding valuable renewable energy to the grid, this on completion would reduce 2.4 lakh Tons of carbon dioxide from the environment annually.
  • Himachal Pradesh would be benefited with free power as per MoU on project commissioning.
  • The project after commissioning will provide free 100 units of electricity per month to project affected families for 10 years.

 

 

 

Lantana camara is an a) Indian species OR b) Invasive species?

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Solution: Invasive species native to the American tropics.

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Lantana camara & Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • A special drive to uproot the invasive lantana bushes in the famous Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary has helped in ecological restoration of grasslands and saved biodiversity.

Sajjangarh wildlife sanctuary:

  • It is located in Udaipur District of Rajasthan in the southern Aravalli hills.
  • It is a salient part of Sajjangarh Palacebuilt-in 1884. The Palace derived its name from Maharana Sajjan Singh, ruler of the Mewar dynasty.
  • Sajjangarh Palace is also known as Monsoon Palaceas Maharana Sajjan Singh used the Palace to keep track of monsoon clouds.
  • Fauna:Chitals, panthers, hares, blue bulls (Nilgais), jackals, wild boars, hyenas, and sambhars.

About Lantana camara:

  • It is a species of flowering plant, native to the American tropics.
  • It is a thicket forming shrub as it usually grows 2-4 m tall and forms dense thickets.
  • It contains toxic triterpeneswhich cause hepatic degeneration in cattle & producing signs of depression.

What is the issue?

  • The Lantana camara has covered vast tracts of land in Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary stopping the natural light and nutrition for flora and fauna.
  • The toxic substance in its foliage and ripe berries affected the animals, while its expansion stopped the natural growth of grass and other shrubs.
  • With the herbivores not getting sufficient forage, the prey base for carnivorous animals was declining, leading to ecological disturbances in the food chain.
  • Hence, the mission lantana was taken up to get rid of lantana bushes, which had taken over almost 50% of the sanctuary.
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Prelims 2021 Daily Current Flash Cards 2020
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