Prelims 2020

16th September 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Jewish community; Generalized System of Preferences (GSP); Nutrient Based Subsidy; National Food Security Act, (NFSA) 2013;
By IASToppers
September 16, 2020

 

 

 

What is the objective of a mobile app called ‘Jan Dhan Darshak’?

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Answer:

  • This app act as a guide for the common people in locating a financial service touch point at a given location in the country.

 

Enrich Your Learning:

Jan Dhan Darshak

  • Department of Financial Services (DFS), Ministry of Finance and National Informatics Centre (NIC) has jointly developed a mobile app called Jan Dhan Darshak as a part of financial inclusion (FI) initiative.
  • This app will act as a guide for the common people in locating a financial service touch point at a given location in the country.
  • Jan Dhan Darshak app will be in a unique position to provide a citizen centric platform for locating financial service touch points across all providers such as banks, post office, CSC, etc.
  • These services could be availed as per the needs and convenience of the common people.

Silent Feature of this App:

  • Find nearby Financial touch points, based on current location (Branches/ATM/Post offices)
  • Search by place name
  • Search by place name also available with Voice Interface
  • Phone number of bank branches available in app, with the facility of call button for integrated dialling.
  • Users’ feedback will go directly to the concerned bank for carrying out the necessary updation in data on financial touch points.

 

 

 

Under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013, 90% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population have been categorized as eligible households for food security in India. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct Statement:

  • 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population have been categorized as eligible households for food security under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Food Security Act, (NFSA) 2013

Objective: 

  • To provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people.

Salient features:

  • Coverage and entitlement under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS): Upto 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg per person per month.
  • However, since Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households constitute poorest of the poor, and are presently entitled to 35 kg per household per month, entitlement of existing AAY households will be protected at 35 kg per household per month.
  • State-wise coverage: Corresponding to the all India coverage of 75% and 50% in the rural and urban areas, State-wise coverage will be determined by the Central Government.
  • Subsidized prices under TPDS and their revision: Food grains under TPDS will be made available at subsidized prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains for a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act. Thereafter prices will be suitably linked to Minimum Support Price (MSP).
  • In case, any State’s allocation under the Act is lower than their current allocation, it will be protected up to the level of average off take during last three years, at prices to be determined by the Central Government.
  • Identification of Households: Within the coverage under TPDS determined for each State, the work of identification of eligible households is to be done by States/UTs.
  • Nutritional Support to women and children: Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children in the age group of 6 months to 14 years will be entitled to meals as per prescribed nutritional norms under Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM) schemes. Higher nutritional norms have been prescribed for malnourished children unto 6 years of age.
  • Maternity Benefit: Pregnant women and lactating mothers will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.
  • Women Empowerment: Eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above to be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing of ration cards.
  • Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels. States will have the flexibility to use the existing machinery or set up separate mechanism.
  • Cost of intra-State transportation & handling of food grains and FPS Dealers’ margin: Central Government will provide assistance to States in meeting the expenditure
  • Incurred by them on transportation of food grains within the State, its handling and FPS dealers’ margin as per norms to be devised for this purpose.
  • Food Security Allowance: Provision for food security allowance to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled food grains or meals.

 

 

 

What is the objective of Nutrient Based Subsidy scheme?

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Answer:

  • The scheme was set up to ensure the availability of phosphatic and potassic fertilizers to farmers at an affordable price, as the retail prices of such non-urea fertilisers are decontrolled and set by manufacturers.

Enrich Your Learning:

Nutrient Based Subsidy

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for fixation of Nutrient Based Subsidy (NBS) rates for Phosphatic and Potassic (P&K) Fertilizers for the year 2020-21.
  • CCEA reduce the subsidy for nitrogen-based fertilizers (₹18.78 per kg), for phosphorous-based fertilizers (₹14.88 per kg), for potash-based fertilizers (₹10.11 per kg) and for sulphur-based fertilisers (₹2.37 per kg).
  • It also approved the inclusion of a complex fertilizer, ammonium phosphate, under the nutrient-based subsidy scheme.

About Nutrient Based Subsidy:

  • It is being implemented from April 2010by the Department of Fertilizers, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers.
  • The scheme was set up to ensure the availability of phosphatic and potassic fertilizers to farmers at an affordable price, as the retail prices of such non-urea fertilisers are decontrolled and set by manufacturers.
  • Under this, the government fixes amount of subsidy, decided on an annual basis, is provided on each grade of subsidised phosphatic and potassic (P&K) fertilisers,except for urea, based on the nutrient content present in them.

Background:

  • Government providesfertilizers, Urea and 21 grades of P&K fertilizers to farmers at subsidized prices through fertilizer manufacturers/importers.

 

 

 

What are the objectives of the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program?

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Solution:

Objectives:

  • To give development support to poor countries by promoting exports from them into the developed countries.
  • It provides opportunities for many of the world’s poorest countries to use trade to grow their economies and climb out of poverty.

Enrich Your Learning:

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

  • Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) is a preferential tariff system extended by developed countries to developing countries.
  • It is a preferential arrangement in the sense that it allows concessional low/zero tariff imports from developing countries.
  • GPS was instituted in 1971 under the aegis of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
  • GSP is the largest and oldest U.S. trade preference program. It was established by the Trade Act of 1974.
  • GSP involves reduced/zero tariffs of eligible products exported by beneficiary countries to the markets of GSP providing countries.
  • The beneficiaries and products covered under the scheme are revised annually which mainly includes agricultural products including animal husbandry, meat and fisheries and handicraft products.

 

 

 

Gujarat is the third state in India to grant religious minority status to Jews. Which are other two states?

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Answer:

  • West Bengal and Maharashtra granted religious minority status to Jews.

Enrich Your Learning:

Jewish community

  • The Jewish population in Gujarat is so minuscule that they didn’t even figure separately in the Census 2011.
  • Gujarat has small Jewish community with no more than 170 members and majority of them located in Ahmedabad.
  • Constitution of India has not defined word ‘Minority’ and only refers to ‘Minorities’ but it speaks of those ‘based on religion or language’ and rights of minorities have been spelt out in Constitution in detail.
  • Six religious communities, viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified in Gazette of India as minority communities by Union Government all over India.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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