Polity & Governance
- Law Commission suggests changes in govt. draft Bill on child abduction
- Sports Authority of India collaborate with some identified universities to improve standards of training
- PM dedicates three Hydro Projects to the Nation
- Sagarmala funds flagship project of Ro Pax Ferry Service in Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat
Bilateral & International Relations
- BIMSTEC Leaders’ Retreat 2016 Outcome Document
Defence & Security Issues
- India joins ‘Nuclear Triad’ club with INS Arihant
Polity & Governance
Law Commission suggests changes in govt. draft Bill on child abduction
In its first report, the 21st Law Commission has recommended a series of changes in the draft Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Bill-2016, proposed by the Women and Child Development Ministry.
Recommendations made by the commission:
- One-year jail term for wrongful retention or removal of a child from the custody of a parent. The offenders may include one of the parents or family, relatives and others.
- Three months punishment for wilful misrepresentation or concealment of fact as regards the location or information about the child or for voluntarily preventing the safe return of the child.
- The Law Commission had, in its 218th report, examined the same issues and advised the government to sign the Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.
- Upon coming to know that the government has prepared a draft of the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Bill, 2016, the Commission decided to examine the proposed provisions.
- The commission is of the opinion that it requires revision keeping in view the legislative precedents and practices followed in the drafting of Bills and to suitably harmonise its provisions with the Hague Convention.
- In June, 2016, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) uploaded on its website a proposal to enact a draft of the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Bill, 2016.
- This was considered as it was imperative to have an enabling legislation in India before accession to the Hague Convention.
- The proposed Bill considered the removal to or the retention of a child in India to be wrongful if it is in breach of rights of custody attributed to a person, an institution, or any other body, either jointly or alone, at a place where the child was habitually resident immediately before the removal or retention.
- It further stipulated that the removal to or the retention in India of a child is to be considered wrongful where at the time of removal or retention those rights were actually exercised, either jointly or alone, by a person, an institution or any other body, or would have been so exercised, but for the removal or retention.
- The draft Bill was prepared following a reference made by the Punjab and Haryana High Court to the Law Commission of India to consider whether recommendations should be made for enacting a suitable law and for signing the Hague Convention.
Sports Authority of India collaborate with some identified universities to improve standards of training
Sports Authority of India (SAI) will collaborate with some identified universities across the country to improve standards of training with a view to achieving excellence in sports.
- For this purpose, each Regional Director of SAI will identify one or two universities with good sports infrastructure and sporting traditions.
- Collaboration between SAI and chosen universities is imperative in view of the fact that several universities across the country have excellent sports infrastructure which is not being optimally utilized.
- Such collaboration is also essential in view of the fact that in big sporting nations like the USA, international athletes mostly come from their universities.
PM dedicates three Hydro Projects to the Nation
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi dedicated three flagship hydro-electric projects (HEPs) with a generating capacity of 1,732 MW in Himachal Pradesh.
- All the three power projects are equipped with generating equipment supplied and commissioned by state owned Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL).
Three projects are:
- Koldam HEP: It is 4×200 MW capacity project executed by National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC).
- Parbati HEP: It is Stage-III project with a capacity of 530 MW of National Hydropower Corporation (NHPC).
- Rampur HEP: It is 412 MW capacity project of Sutlej Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN).
Sagarmala funds flagship project of Ro Pax Ferry Service in Gulf of Cambay, Gujarat
The Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned the Capital Dredging Project for Ro Pax Ferry Services between Gogha & Dahej, in Gulf of Cambay in Gujarat.
- This is the part of promoting coastal shipping in the country under Sagarmala programme.
- The Ministry has released Rs 58.50 Crore as first installment of grant-in–aid to Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB).
- The total project cost is estimated to be Rs 234 Crore and of which 50% will be funded by Centre Government under the Sagarmala programme.
Significance of this project:
- The project would result in reduction in motorable distance of 231 kms between Gogha & Dahej to mere 31 kms and reduce the travel time from 7 hours to 1 hour only by crossing the Gulf in Cambay in 17 Nautical Miles.
- The initiative would not only reduce the travel time but also result in savings in fuel, reduction in CO2 emission and reduction in road congestion.
- The project is first of its kinds in India as it will be executed in the area of world’s 2nd highest tidal range.
- The project would open up new avenues in coastal shipping & tourism and help in socio-economic development of proximate areas.
- It would also help in utilisation of inland waterways through River Narmada for shipping goods from industries located upstream.
About Sagarmala port project:
- The Sagarmala project seeks to develop a string of ports around India’s coast.
- The objective of this initiative is to promote “Port-led development” along India’s 7500 km long coastline.
- The Union Ministry of Shipping has been appointed as the nodal ministry for this initiative.
- The project aims to develop access to new development regions with intermodal solutions and promotion of the optimum modal split, enhanced connectivity with main economic centres and beyond through expansion of rail, inland water, coastal and road services.
- It also aims at simplifying procedures used at ports for cargo movement and promotes usage of electronic channels for information exchange leading to quick, efficient, hassle-free and seamless cargo movement.
- It also strives to ensure sustainable development of the population living in the Coastal Economic Zone (CEZ).
- The project, envisaging port-led development, targets to provide one crore employment, direct employment to 40 lakh persons and indirect employment to 60 lakh persons.
Bilateral & International Relations
BIMSTEC Leaders’ Retreat 2016 Outcome Document
During the “BIMSTEC Leaders’ Retreat” under the “BRICS-BIMSTEC Outreach Summit” in Goa, the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) countries have expressed commitment to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
- In this regard, seven nations of BIMSTEC countries have issues Leaders Retreat Outcome Document.
Highlights of the Leaders’ Retreat 2016 Outcome Document:
- BIMSTEC countries emphasised that there can be no justification for acts of terror.
- They strongly condemned the recent terror attacks in the region.
- The states who encourage and support provide sanctuary to terrorists should be identified and held accountable. Strong measures against such states must be taken.
- They recognised the need for urgent measures to counter and prevent the spread of terrorism, violent extremism and radicalization.
- They renewed their commitment to the early conclusion of BIMSTEC Free Trade Area negotiations, and direct the Trade Negotiating Committee and Working Groups to expedite the finalization of its constituent Agreements.
- They agreed to expedite the signing of the BIMSTEC Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters.
- They also called for early ratification of the BIMSTEC Convention on Cooperation in Combating International Terrorism, Transnational Organized Crime and Illicit Drug Trafficking.
- They also recognized that cooperation in sustainable development of fisheries in Bay of Bengal region for ensuring food security and improving livelihoods of people.
- They also stressed the necessity of pursuing sustainable development and of the implementation of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.
Defence & Security Issues
India joins ‘Nuclear Triad’ club with INS Arihant
India has completed its nuclear triad by inducting country’s first indigenously-constructed nuclear submarine INS Arihant into service.
- With this, India becomes fourth country to have a nuclear triad i.e. capable of delivering nuclear weapons by aircraft, ballistic missiles and submarine launched missiles.
- Other countries having nuclear triad are Russia, United States and China.
About INS Arihant:
- INS Arihant is the lead ship of India’s Arihant class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines.
- The 6000 tonne vessel was built under the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project at the Ship Building Centre in the port city of Visakhapatnam.
- It was launched on 26 July 2009, the anniversary of Vijay Diwas (Kargil War Victory Day) by the then Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh.
- After fitting out and extensive sea trials, on 23 February 2016, Arihant was confirmed as ready for operations, and was quietly commissioned in August 2016.
- It first of the expected five in the class of submarines designed and constructed as a part of the Indian Navy’s secretive ATV project.
Significance of INS Arihant:
- The Arihant is harder to detect than India’s nuclear weapons platforms on land and in the air, giving it a “second-strike” capability.
- This would allow India to retaliate against an enemy who managed to destroy the rest of its nuclear arsenal in a first-strike.
- India’s deployment of a nuclear-armed submarine could put the nation into a naval arms race with regional powers, potentially prompting China to assist its nuclear-armed allies Pakistan and North Korea in developing similar technologies.
- Both India and China subscribe to a No First-Use policy on nuclear weapons. They regard nuclear-armed submarines as a deterrence aimed at preventing the outbreak of war.
What is nuclear triad?
- A nuclear triad refers to the nuclear weapons delivery of a strategic nuclear arsenal which consists of three components: strategic bombers, intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs).
- The purpose of having a three-branched nuclear capability is to significantly reduce the possibility that an enemy could destroy all of a nation’s nuclear forces in a first-strike attack.
- The triad also ensures a credible threat of a second strike, and thus increases a nation’s nuclear deterrence.