Answer: Prime Minister of India
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Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
- The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, (CSIR) constituted in 1942 is an autonomous body which is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas.
- Having pan-India presence, CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 innovation complexes and 5 units.
- Its R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4000 active scientists supported by about 7000 scientific and technical personnel.
- It covers a wide spectrum of science and technology—from radio and space physics, oceanography, earth sciences, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
- It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, leather, and farm and non-farm sectors.
- CSIR is the nation’s custodian for measurement standards of mass, distance, time, temperature, current, etc.
- It has created and is the custodian of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) which is a powerful weapon against unethical commercial exploitation of Indian traditional knowledge.
- It maintains Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC) and Gene Bank.
- Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains.