Prelims 2020

19th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Jal Shakti Abhiyan; Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI); Kimberley Process (KP); Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR); National Deworming Mission;
By IASToppers
August 19, 2020

 

 

 

National Deworming Programme is implemented under which ministry of government of India?

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Answer:

  • The programme is being implemented through the combined efforts of Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.

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More about National Deworming Mission

  • To combat Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) infections, government has adopted a single day strategy called National Deworming Day (NDD).
  • The programme is being implemented through the combined efforts of Department of School Education and Literacy under Ministry of Human Resource and Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • During NDD single dose of Albendazole is administered to children from under 1 to 19 years of age group through the platforms of schools and aanganwadi centers.

 

 

 

Who among the following is the chairman of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR): (a) Prime Minister of India OR (b) Minister of Science & Technology?

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Answer: Prime Minister of India

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Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, (CSIR) constituted in 1942 is an autonomous body which is known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas.
  • Having pan-India presence, CSIR has a dynamic network of 38 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 3 innovation complexes and 5 units.
  • Its R&D expertise and experience is embodied in about 4000 active scientists supported by about 7000 scientific and technical personnel.
  • It covers a wide spectrum of science and technology—from radio and space physics, oceanography, earth sciences, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics, biotechnology and nanotechnology to mining, aeronautics, instrumentation, environmental engineering and information technology.
  • It provides significant technological intervention in many areas with regard to societal efforts which include environment, health, drinking water, food, housing, energy, leather, and farm and non-farm sectors.
  • CSIR is the nation’s custodian for measurement standards of mass, distance, time, temperature, current, etc.
  • It has created and is the custodian of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) which is a powerful weapon against unethical commercial exploitation of Indian traditional knowledge.
  • It maintains Microbial Type Culture Collection (MTCC) and Gene Bank.
  • Pioneer of India’s intellectual property movement, CSIR today is strengthening its patent portfolio to carve out global niches for the country in select technology domains.

 

 

 

Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in a) Rough diamonds OR b) Genetically modified crops (GMO)?

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Answer:

  • The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in rough diamonds.

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Kimberley Process (KP)

  • The Kimberley Process (KP) is an international certification scheme that regulates trade in rough diamonds.
  • It aims to prevent the flow of conflict diamonds, while helping to protect legitimate trade in rough diamonds.
  • The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) outlines the rules that govern the trade in rough diamonds.
  • The KPCS has developed a set of minimum requirements that each participant must meet.
  • The KP is not, strictly speaking, an international organisation: it has no permanent offices or permanent staff.
  • It relies on the contributions – under the principle of ‘burden-sharing’ – of participants, supported by industry and civil society observers.
  • Neither can the KP be considered as an international agreement from a legal perspective, as it is implemented through the national legislations of its participants.

Who is involved in the Kimberley Process (KP)?

  • The Kimberley Process (KP) participants are states and regional economic integration organizations that are eligible to trade in rough diamonds.
  • There are 54 participants representing 81 countries, with the European Community counting as a single participant.
  • The participants include all major rough diamond producing, exporting and importing countries.
  • The diamond industry, through the World Diamond Council, and civil society groups (Global witness, Partnership Africa Canada) are also integral parts of the KP.
  • These organisations have been involved since the start and continue to contribute to its effective implementation and monitoring.

How the Kimberley Process works?

  • The Kimberley Process (KP) is a binding agreement that imposes extensive requirements on every participant.
  • The visible evidence of this commitment is the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) that both safeguard the shipment of ‘rough diamonds’ and certifies them as conflict free.
  • Under the terms of the KPCS participants must:

 

 

 

Enlist the major functions of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI).

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Answer:

Functions of IBBI

  • It provides a market-determined and time bound mechanism for orderly resolution of insolvency, wherever possible, and orderly exit, wherever required.
  • It writes and enforces rules for transactions, namely, corporate insolvency resolution, corporate liquidation, individual insolvency resolution and individual bankruptcy under the Code.
  • It seeks to consolidate and amend laws relating to reorganisation as well as insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time-bound manner.
  • IBBI act as a regulator for overseeing insolvency proceedings and entities such as Insolvency Professionals (IP), Insolvency Professional Agencies (IPA) and Information Utilities (IU) in India.
  • IBC covers Individuals, Companies, Partnership firms and Limited Liability Partnerships and handles cases under it using tribunal’s namely National company law tribunal (NCLT) and Debt recovery tribunal (DRT).

Enrich Your Learning:

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)

  • The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) was established on October 1, 2016 in accordance with the provisions of The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
  • It has been set up by the code to regulate professionals, information utilities (IUs) and agencies engaged in the resolution of insolvencies of companies.
  • It is a unique regulator: regulates a profession as well as transactions.
  • It functions under Ministry of Commerce.

Members:

  • Following is the structure of the IBBI.
  • One Chairperson
  • Three members from Central Government officers not below the rank of Joint Secretary or equivalent.
  • One nominated member from the RBI.
  • Five members nominated by the Central Government; of these, three shall be whole-time members.
  • More than half of the directors of its board shall be independent directors.

 

 

 

Jal Shakti Abhiyan is organized by which three central government Ministries?

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Answer:

  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan is organized by the three Central Government Ministries – Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Environment.

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Jal Shakti Abhiyan

  • Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a time-bound, mission-mode water conservation campaign. This campaign is organized by the three Central Government Ministries – Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Environment.
  • The Jal Shakti Abhiyan aims to accelerate water harvesting, conservation and borewell recharge activities already being carried out under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and the Integrated Watershed ManagementProgramme of the Rural Development Ministry.
  • The campaign would run from July 1 to September 15in States receiving rainfall during the south-west monsoon, while States receiving rainfall in the retreating or north-east monsoon would be covered from October 1 to November 30. Overall, 313 blocks with critical groundwater levels would be covered, along with 1,186 blocks with over-exploited groundwater and 94 blocks with low groundwater availability.
  • Though water is a State issue, the campaign would be coordinated by several central IAS officers of Joint or Additional Secretary-rank, drawn from ministries as varied as Space, Petroleum and Defence.
  • Block and district-level water conservation plans would be drafted, and Kisan Vigyan Kendraswould hold melas to promote better crop choices and more efficient water use for irrigation.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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