- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)
- International Solar Alliance (ISA)
- China hosts 1st BRICS Media Summit
Science & Technology
- ‘Project Leap’
- India ranks 131 on Global Index of ICT
Also in News
- World AIDS Day: 1st December
- Golden Peacock award
Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV)
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched the injectable Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) in India as part of its commitment to the “Global Polio Endgame Strategy”.
- New evidences now clearly show that IPV and OPV together will further strengthen the children’s immune system and will provide double protection against polio.
- IPV is introduced as a routine immunization program along with oral polio vaccine. Now babies will continue to receive OPV (polio drops) dose under routine immunisation and in pulse polio campaigns till they are 5 years of age.
- In the first phase, this vaccine will be introduced in six states, viz Assam, Gujarat, Punjab, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.
- IPV injection will be given to children below one year of age along with the third dose of the Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) at the routine immunization sessions free of cost.
About Polio Virus:
- Polio is a highly infectious viral disease which mainly affects young children under the age of 5.
- Poliovirus is usually spread from person to person. It mainly spreads through the faecal-oral route (e.g. contaminated water or food).
- After entering body, it multiplies in the intestine, from where it can invade the nervous system and can cause paralysis.
It should be noted:
|· On 27 March 2014, India was certified polio-free country, but the immunization programme continues since its two neighbouring countries i.e. Afghanistan and Pakistan still remain polio-endemic countries. · Launched last year, ‘Mission Indradhanush’ aims to immunize all children against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely diphtheria, Pertussis (Whooping Cough), tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B by 2020.|
International Solar Alliance (ISA)
To boost solar energy in developing nations, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had unveiled an International Solar Alliance (ISA) with French President Francois Hollande at the Paris Climate change Conference of the Parties (COP 21).
- ISA aims to invite solar rich 121 countries located fully or partly between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn to join the alliance.
- It will function from the Gurgaon, Haryana based National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE).
- Alliance seeks to share common platform to reduce the cost of finance and technology that is needed to deploy solar power widely.
- Alliance would pursue cooperation in training, building institutions, regulatory issues, common standards, and investment including joint ventures.
China Hosts 1st BRICS Media Summit
For building consensus to deal with terrorism, climate change and other key issues, leaders of 25 media organisations from BRICS countries pledged to create a new institutional framework called BRICS Media Summit.
- China has taken the initiative for creating an alternative media platform for the emerging economies by hosting the first media summit of countries belonging to the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping.
- China’s Xinhua news agency has been the initiator of the project that is adding one more dimension to the BRICS format, in collaboration with The Hindu group of publications, the Brazil Communication Company, Russia Today International News Agency, and South Africa’s Independent Media.
- The summit also proposed the formation of a BRICS Media Foundation, supporting and protecting journalists belonging to the grouping.
Ø BRICS is the acronym for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. All five are G-20 members.
Ø The grouping was originally known as “BRIC” before the inclusion of South Africa in 2010.
Ø Russia currently holds the chair of the BRICS group
Science & Technology
- The country’s largest telecom services provider Bharti Airtel will invest Rs 60,000 crore over the next three-years under the ‘Project Leap’ to upgrade its networks with an aim to provide better quality services to its subscribers.
- The announcement comes amid rising complaints of frequent call drops faced by the customers. The government had in fact pointed out that lack of investments in networks by operators is primary reason for poor quality of services.
About ‘Project Leap’:
- It is a network transformation which will improve voice and data services
- Under Project Leap, Airtel will deploy over 70,000 base stations in the current fiscal — its largest deployment in a single year since inception, while over three years, more than 1,60,000 base stations will be put up across the country.
- To improve indoor experience, the operator will deploy a range of solutions including small cells, carrier aggregation solutions, Wi-Fi and the use of multiple technologies across different spectrum bands.
- The company will also modernise its home broadband network by upgrading its copper assets through new age Vectoring Technology. This technology will enable Airtel to offer 50 Mbps speeds from its current 16 Mbps by 2016.
India ranks 131 on global Index of ICT
India has been ranked a low 131 out of 167 nations on a global index that measures the level of information and communication technology access.
- The ICT Development Index (IDI) is an index published by the United Nations International Telecommunication Union based on internationally agreed information and communication technologies (ICT) indicators.
- The ICT Development Index is based on 11 ICT indicators. Some of them are- fixed-telephone subscriptions, mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions, percentage of households with a computer, percentage of households with Internet access etc.
|Rankings: Top 3 countries: South Korea, Denmark and Iceland India: ranked 131st. Index’s least connected countries include India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.|
- 2 billion people are now online globally, representing 43.4 per cent of the world’s population
- Mobile—cellular subscriptions have reached almost 7.1 billion worldwide, with over 95 per cent of the global population now covered by a mobile—cellular signal.
- Asia—Pacific is the most diverse region in terms of ICT development, reflecting stark differences in levels of economic development. Six economies in the region — including the South Korea, Hong Kong and Japan — have IDI rankings in the top twenty of the global distribution.
- The number of households with Internet and computer has increased in India over the last five years.
- India’s mobile—cellular telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants were 74.48 in 2014 growing from 62.4 in 2010.
- The percentage of households with computer in India was 13 per cent in 2014, more than doubling from 6. 1 per cent in 2010.
- The percentage of households with Internet access was 15.33; growing three—fold from 4.2 in 2010.
- The percentage of individuals using the Internet is grown to 18 per cent in 2014 from 7.5 per cent in 2010 in the country.
Also in News
World AIDS Day: 1st December
- Every year on December 1 since 1988, World AIDS Day is being observed to raise awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection and to mourn those who have died of the disease.
- The theme of World AIDS Day for the year 2015 is “Getting to Zero.”
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).It may also be referred to as HIV disease or HIV infection.
Common reasons for getting infected with AIDS:
- Unprotected sexual intercourse.
- Contaminated blood transfusions.
- Hypodermic needles.
- From mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.
- Some bodily fluids, such as saliva and tears, do not transmit HIV.
Golden Peacock award
Colombian film ‘Embrace of The Serpent’ has been selected as the best film of the 46th International Film Festival of India (IFFI). The Director of the film was bestowed with the Golden Peacock award.
The International Film Festival of India (IFFI), founded in 1952 is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia held annually in the state of Goa. The festival is conducted jointly by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Directorate of Film Festivals and the government of Goa.