IASToppers-Current-Affairs-Analysis-1st-Jan-2016
Current Affairs Analysis

1st January 2016 Current Affairs Analysis

By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
January 01, 2016

Contents

Social Issues

  • World Bank offers $50 million loan for the Nai Manzil Scheme
  • Census 2011: Latest Data

International Relations

  • India, Pakistan exchange list of nuclear facilities

Science & Technology

  • DAVA project wins 2015 eASIA Award


Social Issues


World Bank offers $50 million loan for the Nai Manzil Scheme

The Union government and the World Bank signed a $50-million credit agreement for the Nai Manzil Scheme.

  • Credit will be facilitated by the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm, International Development Association (IDA).
  • The loan carries a maturity of 25 years, including a 5-year grace period.

According to the World Bank, around 20 per cent of those between 17 and 35 years of age from minority groups such as Muslims, Parsees, Jains, Buddhists, Christians, and Sikhs are out of the labour force,.

About Nai Manzil Scheme:

  • Nai Manzil Scheme is an integrated Education and Livelihood Initiative for the Minority Communities.
  • Minority BPL (below poverty line) youth in the age group of 17-35 years will be the main beneficiaries of the project.
  • The scheme aims to benefit the minority youths who are school-dropouts or educated in the community education institutions like Madrasas, by providing them an integral input of formal education (up till Class VIII or X) and skill training along with certification.
  • This will enable them to seek better employment in the organised sector and equipping them with better lives.
  • The scheme covers the entire country.
[Courtesy: Hindu, ET, PIB]

 

Census 2011: Latest Data

According to newly released data from the Census 2011 shows that:

  • Child sex ratio is the number of girls aged 0-6 years for every 1,000 boys in the same age group.
  • It is a crucial measure for India where preference for sons and the desire for smaller families has driven down the number of girls – and women – to unnaturally low levels in the past several decades.
  • The child sex ratio for the whole country now stands at 918, dipping further from 927 in 2001, and reaching the lowest level since 1961.

Community-wise sex ratio:

  • On average nationwide, Christians, followed by Muslims, continue to have the most gender-equal child sex ratios of 958 girls for every 1,000 boys and 943 respectively.
  • Buddhists follow, with Hindus, Jains and Sikhs, recording the lowest child sex ratios; the numbers for Jains and Sikhs have, however, improved since 2001, while those of all other communities have worsened.

1st Jan Census 

State-wise sex ratios:

The State-wise data shows that communities are not monoliths. In the States with better sex ratios, including the States with high tribal populations and the southern States, the sex ratios of all communities tend to be higher than they are in other States.

  • In Kerala, for instance, Hindus, Muslims and Christians have nearly the same sex ratio among the 0-6 year child population, around 965 girls for every 1,000 boys, which is higher than the national average for each of those communities as well.
  • In Haryana, the State with the worst sex ratio, on the other hand, the sex ratios of the child populations of Sikhs, Hindus, Christians and Muslims are all lower than the national average.
  • Muslim sex ratios are particularly unaffected by location; while Christian child sex ratios dip below 900 girls for every 1,000 boys in Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab, for instance, the Muslim child sex ratio only falls below 910 in one State: the Muslim-majority Jammu & Kashmir.
  • The State which had a far more gender-equal sex ratio of 941 in 2001 has seen one of the sharpest ever declines.
  • Consequently, the sex ratio of the child population of all communities in the State is now below 900, except among Buddhists.

State-wise Literacy:

  • For the country as a whole, Muslims have the lowest literacy rates for both men and women, while Jains have the highest for both.
  • In Kerala, however, the literacy rate among Muslim women (79 per cent) is higher than it is for men of all communities in Bihar. National averages hide other State-level variations.

[Courtesy: ToI]


International Relations


India, Pakistan exchange list of nuclear facilities

India and Pakistan have exchanged the list of their nuclear installations under a bilateral agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations that bars them from attacking each other’s atomic facilities.

  • This is the 24th consecutive exchange of such list between the two countries.
  • The two countries have also exchanged the lists of prisoners under the Consular Access Agreement between the two nations.

About Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations:

The Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear installations is a bilateral and nuclear weapons control treaty between the two South Asian states, India and Pakistan.

  • The treaty aims at the reduction (or limitation) of nuclear arms and pledged not to attack or assist foreign powers to attack on each other’s nuclear installations and facilities.
  • The treaty was drafted in 1988, and signed by the Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and her Indian counterparts, Rajiv Gandhi in 1988; it entered into force on January 1991.
  • The treaty barred its signatories to carry out a surprise attack (or to assist foreign power to attack) on each other’s nuclear installations and facilities.
  • Starting in January 1992, India and Pakistan have annually exchanged lists of their respective civilian nuclear-related facilities.

[Courtesy: Hindu, Wiki]


Science & Technology


DAVA project wins 2015 eASIA Award

The Department of Commerce’s DAVA (Drug Authentication and Verification Application) project has won the 2015 eASIA Award under Trade Facilitation category as announced by Asia Pacific Council for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (AFACT) in Tehran, Iran.

  • This award is administered by AFACT.
  • This project is a significant step in this direction and will contribute considerably in enhancing the brand image of our pharmaceutical exporters.
  • Indian Pharmaceutical industry has approximately 250 large units and more than 8,000 small and medium scale units.

About Drug Authentication and Verification Application (DAVA) Project:

  • DAVA project launched in the year 2015 created an integrated platform for implementation of the Track and Trace system both for exports and domestic markets of Drugs and Pharmaceuticals.
  • The DAVA project is an initiative of Government of India which aims to cover all the drugs manufactured in India.
  • It is in the pilot stage and will be subsequently made mandatory for all pharmaceutical exports from India.
  • The application has value-added features like availability of stocks for a drug in an area/wholesalers/retailers at a point of time

Significance of the DAVA project:

  • The project will provide simpler means to the consumer and regulatory agencies for establishing drug authentication and protect the India’s Brand image in international trade.
  • When fully implemented, the export of fake or spurious drug from the country will not be possible and in case it happens it would be easily traceable.
  • Under the project, whenever required, drugs can easily be identified and recalled due to traceability of stocks, prevention of black marketing which especially arises during epidemics.

[Courtesy: PIB]


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