Prelims 2020

21st August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination (2017-2025); Public Utility Services; LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System; NIKSHAY; Integrated Disease Surveillance Program;
By IASToppers
August 21, 2020

 

 

 

Integrated Disease Surveillance Program was initially launched by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare with assistance of World Bank. True OR False.

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

Integrated Disease Surveillance Program

  • Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) is a centrally sponsored scheme under National Health Mission (NHM).
  • It was launched by Minister of Health & Family Welfare in November 2004 in assistance with the World Bank, for a period up to March 2010. The project was restructured and extended up to March 2012.
  • The project continues in the 12th Plan with domestic budget as Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme under NHM for all States with Budgetary allocation of 640 Cr.
  • Presently, more than 90 per cent districts report weekly data through e-mail/portal.

Objectives:

  • To strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based and IT enabled disease surveillance systems for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends.
  • To detect and respond to outbreaks in the early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Teams (RRTs).

 

 

 

 

 

NIKSHAY is a web-based surveillance system developed for which purpose?

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Answer:

NIKSHAY is a web enabled application, which facilitates monitoring of universal access to TB patients data by all concerned.

Enrich Your Learning:

NIKSHAY

  • To facilitate TB notification, RNTCP has developed a case-based web-based TB surveillance system called “NIKSHAY” for both government and private health care facilities.
  • The system has been developed jointly by the Central TB Division of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and National Informatics Centre (NIC) and it was launched by the Government of India in June 2012.
  • A gazette notification was published by the Government of India mandating all private health establishments to inform the details of TB patients treated by them to NIKSHAY repository.

Objectives of Nikshay are to:

  • Establish real-time TB surveillance through Case-Based-Web-Based electronic recording and reporting
  • Monitoring of TB Patients Treatment
  • Develop and make available TB notification and registration system for both public and private sector
  • Improve quality care by health service providers
  • Support treatment of patients & Reporting of cases
  • Increase transparency & accountability
  • Provide follow up Alerts for adherence
  • Providing required data for planning at National & State levels.
  • Provide TB related information on epidemiological / social impacts

 

 

 

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination seeks to eliminate TB in India by which year?

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Answer:

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination seeks to eliminate TB in India by 2025.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination (2017-2025)

  • The National Strategic Plan (2017-25) was approved by Minister for Health and Family Welfare in 2017 and has been operational since then in the entire country with the goal of ending TB by 2025.
  • Under the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (2017-2025), 20%, 22% and 24% of the funds have been earmarked for social welfare support in years 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 respectively.
  • A new scheme, Nikshay Poshan Yojana has been implemented from 01stApril 2018, wherein 500 rupees per month is being provided to All TB patients towards nutritional support for the duration of their treatment.
  • Tribal patient travel support, wherein 750 rupees is being provided to all TB patients in tribal notified blocks towards travel support is an ongoing scheme since the twelfth plan.
  • The Ministry has established an Inter-Ministerial Coordination committee under the chairpersonship of Secretary (Health and Family Welfare) for smooth linkages between linkages between the TB programme and various ministries like Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Labor & Employment.

 

 

 

The portal named ‘The Least Available Depth Information System (LADIS)’ is an initiative of which authority in India? 

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Answer:

  • The portal named ‘The Least Available Depth Information System (LADIS)’ is an initiative of The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) to ensure optimum use of National Waterways.

Enrich Your Learning:

LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) launched a new portal LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System to ensure optimum use of National Waterways.

Key Highlights:

  • The IWAI has designed the portal to facilitate the day to day operations of inland vessels operating on National Waterways as well as to avoid any hindrance during operation.
  • Initially the information of LADs will be available for:
  • National waterway 1 (Prayagraj-Haldia stretch of the Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly Rivers)
  • National waterway 2 (Sadiya-Dhubri stretch of Brahmaputra River)
  • National waterway 3 (Kollam-Kottappuram stretch of West Coast Canal and Champakara canal and Udyogmandal canal)
  • Indo-Bangladesh Protocol route
  • The facility will soon be expanded to other national waterways as well.
  • The details of the LAD will be fed into the portal by respective surveyors and regional in-charge deputed with Inland Waterways Authority of India survey vessels.
  • The LADIS portal is hosted on IWAI’s website and has been built in house by the IWAI.
  • The vessel operators and cargo owners will prepare their sailing plans strictly as per applicable waterways related information (i.e., Hydrographic survey reports, River Notices) available on IWAI’s website.

Significance of LADIS:

  • LADIS will ensure that real-time dataon least available depths is disseminated for ship/barge and cargo owners so that they can undertake transportation on National Waterways in a more planned way.
  • If real time information is made available regarding LADs in stretches of various National waterways (NWs), it will help transporters by guiding them on the suitability of time of movement.
  • It will enhance credibility and efficiency of information sharing to achieve seamless operations on National Waterways, besides pre-empting problems that may occur during movement of vessels.

 

 

 

What is public utility service under the Industrial Dispute Act 1947?

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Answer:

  • As per Section 2(n) (vi) of the Industrial Disputes Act1947, the ‘appropriate Government’ may declare any industry specified in the first Schedule of the Industrial Disputes Act1947to be a public utility service for a period of six months by issuing a Notification in the Official Gazette which may extend from time.

Enrich Your Learning:

Public Utility Services

  • Public utility service is defined as any railway service (or any transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by air); any service in, or in connection with the working of, any major port or dock; any section of an industrial establishment, on the working of which the safety of the establishment or the workmen employed therein depends; any postal, telegraph or telephone service; any industry which supplies power, light or water to the public; any system of public conservancy or sanitation.

What are public utility services under Industrial Disputes Act?

As per Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, Section 2(n) defines public utility service” as–

  • any railway service or any transport service for the carriage of passengers or goods by air
  • any service in, or in connection with the working of, any major port or dock
  • any section of an industrial establishment, on the working of which the safety of the establishment or the workmen employed therein depends
  • any postal, telegraph or telephone service
  • any industry which supplies power, light or water to the public
  • any system of public conservancy or sanitation
  • Any industry specified in the First Schedule which the appropriate Government may, if satisfied that public emergency or public interest so requires, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to be a public utility service for the purposes of this Act, for such period as may be specified in the notification.
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