Prelims 2020

20th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Commonwealth of Nations; Right to Strike; Essential Services Management Act, 1968; Fair market value (FMV); Logistics Performance Index; Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation (CFTC); District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA);
By IASToppers
August 20, 2020

 

 

 

District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA) is an initiative of which Ministry?

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Answer:

DISHA is an initiative of Ministry of Rural Development.

Enrich Your Learning:

District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DISHA)

  • The Union Ministry of Rural Developmentlaunched the formation of District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) called “Disha” in 2016.
  • The first meeting of DISHA was held on 13th August 2016.
  • DISHA supersedes the District Vigilance & Monitoring Committeeunder Union Ministry of Rural Development.
  • It will work for effective development coordination of almost all the programmes of Central Government, whether it is for infrastructure development or Social and human resource development.
  • These Committees monitors the implementation of 28 schemes and programmes of Ministry of Rural Development and other Ministries to promote synergy and convergence for greater impact.
  • The main purpose of this committee is to coordinate with Central and State and local Panchayat Governments, for successful and timely implementation of the schemes.
  • This will help government officials at all levels explore and assess key government initiatives for any geographic level, at any time period.
  • It ensures the participation of people’s representative at all levels in it and successful implementation of flagship programme of central government.
  • The meetings of the committee should be held once in every Quarter (Third Saturdays of April, July, October and February) and this has been made mandatory.

 

 

 

All the countries of ‘Commonwealth of Nations’ group have some historical relations with British empire. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct Statement: The two countries Rwanda and Mozambique this group have no historical ties to the British Empire.

Enrich Your Learning:

Commonwealth of Nations

  • The Commonwealth of Nations is an intergovernmental organization of54 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
  • They came into existence with the proclamation of sovereignty of the state from the colonial rule of British Empire and were later given self-governance.
  • It proclaims that the Commonwealth nations are “free and equal.”
  • The insignia of this Commonwealth Association is Queen Elizabeth II who is considered the Supreme of the Commonwealth nations.
  • The member states of the commonwealth are not legally liable or bound to each other. They are rather united by language, history, culture, likeness of the democracy, human rights and the rule of law.
  • After the end of World War II, the British Empire was step by step broken into the fourteen British Overseas Territories which is still held by the United Kingdom.
  • The organization came into being in 1949and since then, independent countries from Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and the Pacific have joined The Commonwealth.
  • The two countries Rwanda and Mozambiquehave joined the Commonwealth but have no historical ties to the British Empire.

Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation (CFTC)

  • A Commonwealth Fund for Technical Co-operation expert provides lifeboat training in
  • The CFTC approach emphasises country ownership by delivering technical assistance on a demand-driven basis.
  • They work focuses on delivering relevant change through ‘best fit’ rather than ‘best practice’ responses to the challenges of development.
  • Technical assistance is delivered predominantly on a south-south basis, and also aims to mainstream gender considerations throughout all project work. 

 

 

 

Which international organization releases Logistics Performance Index (LPI)?

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Answer:

  • LPI is published by World Bank every two years.

Enrich Your Learning:

Logistics Performance Index

  • The Logistics Performance Index is an interactive benchmarking toolcreated to help countries identify the challenges and opportunities they face in their performance on trade logistics and what they can do to improve their performance.
  • The LPI is based on a worldwide surveyof operators on the ground, providing feedback on the logistics “friendliness” of the countries in which they operate and those with which they trade.
  • Feedback from operators is supplemented with quantitative data on the performance of key components of the logistics chainin the country of work.
  • The LPI consists of both qualitative and quantitative measuresand helps build profiles of logistics friendliness for these countries.
  • LPI is the weighted average of the country scores on six key dimensions:
    • Efficiency of the clearance process by border control agencies, including Customs.
    • Quality of trade and transport related infrastructure.
    • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments.
    • Competence and quality of logistics services.
    • Ability to track and trace consignments.
    • Timeliness of shipments in reaching destination within the scheduled or expected delivery time.
  • LPI offers two different perspectives: international and domestic.
  • International LPI: provides qualitative evaluationsof a country in six areas by its trading partners—logistics professionals working outside the country.
  • Domestic LPI: provides both qualitative and quantitative assessmentsof a country by logistics professionals working inside it.
  • It includes detailed information on the logistics environment, core logistics processes, institutions, and performance time and cost data.

Logistics Performance Index of 2018:

  • India ranks 44 in the Logistics Performance Index 2018.

 

 

 

What do you mean by Fair market value (FMV)?

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Answer:

  • The fair market value is the price an asset would sell for on the open market when certain conditions are met.

Enrich Your Learning:

Fair market value (FMV)

  • The fair market value is the price an asset would sell for on the open market when certain conditions are met.
  • The conditions are:
  • the parties involved are aware of all the facts,
  • are acting in their own interest, and
  • are free of any pressure to buy or sell, and
  • Have ample time to make the decision.
  • Fair market value is different than market value and appraised value.
  • Tax settings and the real estate market are two areas that commonly use fair market value.
  • Insurance companies use fair market value in determining certain claim payouts.

 

 

 

After introduction of which act in India, the right to strike was recognized as a statutory right?

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Answer:

  • It was only after the enactment of Industrial Disputes Act in 1947that the right to strike was recognized under Section 22(1) (a) of the act as a statutory right.

Enrich Your Learning:

Right to Strike

  • Right to Strike is not a fundamental right in India.
  • It was only after the enactment of Industrial Disputes Act in 1947that the right to strike was recognized under Section 22(1) (a) of the act as a statutory right.
  • On the other hand, Article 19(1) (c) gives the right to form association and trade unions.
  • In India, right to protest is a fundamental right under Article 19 of the Constitution of India.
  • However, right to strike is not a fundamental right but a legal right with restrictions prescribed under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
  • Essential Services Maintenance Act outright bans key employees of essential services from strike altogether.

Essential Services Management Act, 1968:

  • It was enacted to ensure delivery of certain “essential” services, which if hindered would affect the normal life of the people.
  • It also allows states (barring Jammu & Kashmir, except to the extent to which the provisions of this Act relate to Union employees) to choose the essential services on which to enforce this act.
  • It was enacted to ensure the delivery of certain commodities or products, the supply of which if obstructed owing to hoarding or black-marketing would affect the normal life of the people.
  • This includes foodstuff, drugs, petroleum products etc.

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