Prelims 2020

24th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Namami Barak Festival; Our Common Future; Limits to Growth (LTG); Barak River; Survey of India; Duncan passage; Project CHAMAN;
By IASToppers
August 24, 2020

 

 

 

Project CHAMAN is associated with which: (a) Conservation of mangroves OR (b) Horticulture?

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Answer:

  • In order to provide strategic development to the horticulture sector, so as to increase farmer’s income, a pioneer project called CHAMAN was launched.

Enrich Your Learning:

Project CHAMAN

  • With the aim of developing India’s horticulture sector, the Ministry of Agriculture launched Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geo-informatics (CHAMAN), which makes use of remote sensing technology and satellites for generating action plans for horticultural development.
  • The project CHAMAN envisages use of satellite remote sensing data for area and production estimation of 7 horticultural crops (Potato, Onion, Tomato, Chili, Mango, Banana and Citrus) in 12 major states in 180 districts.
  • The programme also uses GIS (Geographical Information System) tools along with remote sensing data for generating action plans for horticultural development.
  • Another component of CHAMAN is to carry out research activities on horticultural crop condition studies, diseases assessment and precision farming.
  • The project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) in collaboration with ISRO Centres (SAC & NRSC).

 

 

 

The Duncan Passage is located between ____________. (a) South Andaman and Little Andaman OR (b) Afghanistan and India?

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Answer:

  • The Duncan Passage is located between South Andaman and Little Andaman.

Enrich Your Learning:

Duncan passage

  • Duncan Passage is a strait in the Indian Ocean.
  • It is about 48 km (30 mi) wide; it separates Rutland Island (part of Great Andaman) to the north and Little Andaman to the south.
  • It is located between South Andaman and Little Andaman.
  • West of Duncan Passage is the Bay of Bengal; east is the Andaman Sea.
  • Several small islands and islets lie along the passage. North to south, they are:
  • North Cinque Island
  • South Cinque Island
  • Passage Island
  • The Sisters
  • North Brother Island
  • South Brother Island
  • Manners Strait is the branch of Duncan Passage that lies between North Cinque Island and Rutland Island.

 

 

 

Which is the oldest scientific department of the Govt. of India?

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Answer:

Survey of India, The National Survey and Mapping Organisation of the country under the Department of Science & Technology, is the oldest scientific department of the Govt. of India. 

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Government has released a new map of India showing UTs of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh.

  • The Survey of India has redrawn the map of India to depict the newly formed Union Territories (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and Ladakh.
  • Areas such as Gilgit, Gilgit Wazarat, Chilhas and the Tribal Territory of 1947 that have been occupied by Pakistan are included in the Ladakh UT.

About Survey of India:

  • The Survey of India is India’s central engineering agency in charge of mapping and surveying.
  • Survey of India (National Survey and Mapping Organisation of India) under the Department of Science & Technology, is the Oldest Scientific Department Of the Govt. Of India. 
  • First modern scientific survey of India” was undertaken by W. Mather in 1793–96 on instructions of Superintendent of Salem and Baramahal (TN), Col. Alexander Read.
  • Set up in 1767 to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the GoI.
  • Its members are from Survey of India Service cadre of Civil Services of India and Army Officers from the Indian Army Corps of Engineers.
  • It is headed by the Surveyor General of India.

 

 

 

The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated in which state: (a) Assam OR (b) Pondicherry?

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Answer:

  • The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated on November 18th at Barak Valley in Assam.

Enrich Your Learning:

Namami Barak Festival

  • The first ever Namami Barak festival was celebrated on November 18th at Barak Valley in Assam.
  • Namami Barak is an attempt to pay tribute to the River Barak and to showcase of Barak’s potential and possibilities to emerge as a hub of trade and commerce.
  • The cultural heritage of the valley together with its cuisine, fauna and flora, socio-economic and civic splendor were showcased before the global audience during the festival.

Barak River:

  • The Barak River is one of the major rivers of South Assam and is a part of the Surma-Meghna River System.
    It rises in Manipur State, where it is the biggest and the most important of the hill country rivers.
  • After Manipur it flows through Mizoram and into Assam, ending after 564 kilometres just after it enters Bangladesh where it forks into the Surma and Kushiyara rivers.

 

 

 

Which famous report on sustainable development was titled Our Common Future?

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Answer:

  • Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report, from the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development(WCED) was published in 1987.

Enrich Your Learning:

Our Common Future

  • Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report, from the United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development(WCED) was published in 1987.
  • Gave concept of “sustainable development”.
  • The Brundtland Commission’s characterization of ‘sustainable development’ is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
  • The prominence given to ‘needs’ reflects a concern to eradicate poverty and meet basic human needs, broadly understood.
  • The concept of sustainable development focused attention on finding strategies to promote economic and social development in ways that avoided environmental degradation, over-exploitation or pollution, and side lined less productive debates about whether to prioritize development or the environment.

Limits to Growth (LTG)

  • The Limits to Growth (LTG) is a 1972 report on the computer simulation of exponential economic and population growth with a finite supply of resources.
  • Funded by the Volkswagen Foundation and commissioned by the Club of Rome, the findings of the study were first presented at international gatherings in Moscow and Rio de Janeiro in the summer of 1971.
  • The report’s authors are Donella H. Meadows, Dennis L. Meadows, Jorgen Randers, and William W. Behrens III, representing a team of 17 researchers.
  • Since its publication, some 30 million copies of the book in 30 languages have been purchased.
  • It continues to generate debate and has been the subject of several subsequent publications.
  • The Limits to Growth: The 30-Year Update was published in 2004, and in 2012, a 40-year forecast from Jorgen Randers, one of the book’s original authors, was published as 2052: A Global Forecast for the Next Forty Years.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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