Prelims 2020

25th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Draft National Logistics Policy; Ombudsman Scheme for Digital Transactions (OSDT); Banking Ombudsman Scheme 2006; Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) Scheme; Electronics Development Fund (EDF); Multi Modal Logistics Parks (MMLP); National Health Protection Scheme; National Health Protection Mission; Department of Border Management;
By IASToppers
August 25, 2020

 

 

 

The Department of Border Management is under (a) Ministry of Home Affairs OR b) Ministry of Defence?

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Answer:

The Department of Border Management is under Ministry of Home Affairs.

Enrich Your Learning:

List of Ministries/Departments of the Government

Ministry of Finance

  • Department of Economic Affairs (Arthik Karya Vibhag)
  • Department of Expenditure (Vyaya Vibhag)
  • Department of Revenue (Rajaswa Vibhag)
  • Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) (Nivesh aur Lok Parisampatti Prabandhan Vibhag) (DIPAM)
  • Department of Financial Services (Vittiya Sewayen Vibhag)

Ministry of Jal Shakti

  • Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (Jal Sansadhan, Nadi Vikas aur Ganga Sanrakshan Vibhag)
  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (Peya Jal aur Swachchhata Vibhag)

Ministry of Home Affairs

  • Department of Internal Security (Aantarik Suraksha Vibhag)
  • Department of States (Rajya Vibhag)
  • Department of Official Language (Raj Bhasha Vibhag)
  • Department of Home (Grih Vibhag)
  • Department of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh Affairs (Jammu, Kashmir tatha Ladakh Vibhag)
  • Department of Border Management (Seema Prabandhan Vibhag)

Ministry of Rural Development

  • Department of Rural Development (Gramin Vikas Vibhag)
  • Department of Land Resources (Bhumi Sansadhan Vibhag)

Ministry of Defence

  • Department of Defence (Raksha Vibhag)
  • Department of Defence Production (Raksha Utpadan Vibhag)
  • Department of Defence Research and Development (Raksha Anusandhan tatha Vikas Vibhag)
  • Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare (Poorva Senani Kalyan Vibhag)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

National Health Protection Mission provides defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year. True OR False.

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

National Health Protection Scheme

  • The National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS), recently announced by the Centre in Budget 2018, has been seen a potential to become the centerpiece to achieve universal health coverage, once a few implementation issues are resolved.

National Health Protection Mission is a part of Ayushman Bharat yojana which has two major health sector initiatives:

Health and Wellness Centre:  

  • These Centres will provide Comprehensive health care.
  • It will be responsible for providing free essential Drug and diagnostics Services.

National Health Protection Mission:

  • NHPM will subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes –Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme.

Salient Feature National Health Protection Mission:

  • National Health Protection Mission will have a defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year.
  • Benefit will be allowed to take cashless benefits from any public/private empanelled hospitals across the country.
  • National Health Protection Mission will be an entitlement based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the SECC database.
  • The beneficiaries can avail benefits in both public and empanelled private facilities.
  • To control costs, the payments for treatment will be done on package rate (to be defined by the Government in advance) basis.
  • One of the core principles of National Health Protection Mission is to co-operative federalism and flexibility to states.
  • For giving policy directions and fostering coordination between Centre and States, it is proposed to set up National Health Protection Mission Council (AB-NHPMC) at apex level Chaired by Union Health and Family Welfare Minister.
  • States would need to have State Health Agency (SHA) to implement the scheme.

 

 

 

Enlist the key features of Draft National Logistics Policy.

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Draft National Logistics Policy

  • To bring the current multimodal mix on par with international benchmarks, where 25-30% share of road, 50-55% share of railways, 20-25% share of waterways.
  • In current multimodal mix, road has a share of 60%, while railways account for 31% and waterways 9%.
  • For the air cargo sector, aviation turbine fuel (ATF) is the single largest component of direct operating cost with a share of 40%.
  • Excise duty and value-added tax, charged by central and State governments on ATF, add another 30-35% to the cost.
  • The GST regime disallows input credit on ATF, increasing the tax burden on express cargo airlines further.

Multi Modal Logistics Parks (MMLP):

  • Jogighopa, a small town in Assam, is set to become India’s gateway to South-East Asia as well as the rest of the North-East
  • The road ministry is gearing up to develop a multimodal logistics park (MMLP)there with road, rail, waterways and air transport facilities.

 

 

 

Recently announced Electronics Development Fund is a part of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) fund. True OR False.

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Answer: False

Correct Answer:

  • EDF is different from Rs.10, 000 crore, micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) fund which was announced in budget 2014.

Enrich Your Learning:

The Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) Scheme

  • The EMC, coming up at an estimated cost of 104 crore, will generate more than 50,000 jobs, directly or indirectly.
  • An EMC is designed and developed for providing facilities and amenities for manufacturing mobiles and allied products.

Background:

  • The Government of India, through the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeiTY), had announced in 2012 about setting up an EMC in India, with grant-in-aid for establishing such clusters.
  • In 2015, the Andhra Pradesh government announced the first exclusive mobile and electronic manufacturing cluster in the new capital, Amaravati.
  • A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) called Sri Venkateswara Mobiles and Electronics Manufacturing Hub Private Limited was formed.
  • Three major Indian mobile manufacturers – Celkon, Karbonn and Lava have come forward to establish their units in the EMC.

About Electronics Development Fund (EDF):

  • Electronics Development Fund (EDF) an initiative of IT Department and is formulated as a “Fund of Funds” to participate in “Daughter Funds”.
  • The target beneficiaries of the EDF will be Daughter Funds registered in India and abiding by the relevant rules and regulations including the SEBI regulations on Venture Funds.
  • EDF therefore enables creation of an ecosystem for providing risk capital to both industry and academia to undertake research and development in these technology areas.
  • It will, in the process, enrich the intellectual property in the country and encourage more entrepreneurs towards product and technology development.
  • EDF is different from Rs.10, 000 crore, micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) fund which was announced in budget 2014 and the recently announced Rs.10, 000 crore start-up fund.

Funding system:

  • The idea is that the EDF will put in 20% of the capital in daughter funds and the rest 80% will be invested by VCs. The daughter funds will then invest in companies, primarily start-ups.

Background:

  • The Electronics Development Fund Policy was launched by Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, during the inauguration of Digital India Week on 1st July 2015.
  • In this context, Government of India has appointed CANBANK Venture Capital Fund Pvt. Ltd. (CVCFL) to house Electronics Development Fund (EDF).

 

 

 

Under the Ombudsman Scheme for Digital Transactions (OSDT) scheme, RBI can appoint the Ombudsman for how many maximum years at a time?

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Answer:

  • The Ombudsman for Digital Transactions is a senior official appointed by the Reserve Bank of India for a period not exceeding 3 years at a time.

Enrich Your Learning:

Ombudsman Scheme for Digital Transactions (OSDT)

  • It is launched under Section 18 of Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 which will provide a complaint redressal mechanism relating to digital transactions conducted through non-bank entities (like mobile wallets or tech enabled payment companies using UPI for settlements).
  • The Ombudsman for Digital Transactions is a senior official appointed by the Reserve Bank of India (appointed for a period not exceeding 3 years at a time).
  • Transactions undertaken through the banking channels will still be managed by the Banking Ombudsman.

Banking Ombudsman Scheme 2006

  • The Banking Ombudsman Scheme provides an inexpensive forum for grievance redressal of bank customers relating to banking services rendered by banks.
  • The Banking Ombudsman Scheme is introduced under Section 35 A of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 by RBI with effect from 1995.
    • Presently the Banking Ombudsman Scheme 2006 is in operation.
  • The Banking Ombudsman is a senior official appointed by the Reserve Bank of India.
  • All Scheduled Commercial Banks (SCB), Regional Rural Banks (RRB) and Scheduled primary co-operative banks are covered under the scheme.
  • One can file a complaint before the banking ombudsman if:
    • Reply is not received from the bank within a period of one monthafter the bank concerned has received one’s complaint.
    • Bank rejectsthe complaint.
    • If the complainant is not satisfiedwith the reply given by the bank.

 

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