Prelims 2020

25th July 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Siddi Community; World’s first electrified rail tunnel; India’s water reservoirs; National Mission on oilseed and Oil palm (NMOOP); Technology mission on oilseed and pulses; Study in India programme; Ind-Sat Exam.
By IASToppers
July 25, 2020

 

 

 

What is the aim of the Study in India programme?

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Answer:

Aim: to make India a preferred education hub for students all across the globe, by elevating its position in the global educational landscape.

Enrich Your Learning:

Study in India programme:

  • Launched in2018, it is helmed by EdCIL (Educational Consultants of India), a Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSE) under the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • Under it, about 150 select educational institutes from public, private and deemed universities are offering an array of options including courses ranging from:
  • Engineering,
  • Management,
  • Commerce,
  • Photonics to yoga,
  • Ayurveda,
  • Athletics and
  •  
  • It is based on the top ranked institutions in India as per the:
  • National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and
  • National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)
  • Higher Institutions in India offers degrees that are competitive in the world market in terms of quality but are delivered at 1/4th the cost hence guaranteeing value for money.

Ind-Sat Exam:

  • Ind-SAT is an eligibility test for granting scholarships and admissions to foreign students to study in selected Indian universities under the Study in India programme.
  • Administered by: National Testing Agency, or NTA.
  • The selection of the students is based on their merit in the Class 12 exams or school leaving exam.
  • Top 2000 students are given scholarships, while some others are given fee discounts by the institutions.
  • Ind-SAT exam is proposed to be held in Asian and African countries.
  • Around five thousand students from Nepal, Ethiopia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Sri-Lanka, Kenya, Zambia, Indonesia and Mauritius took Ind-SAT 2020.

Key fact:

  • Indian Education system is the world’s third largest higher education system.

 

 

 

After petroleum products, edible oils accounted for the largest drain on India’s foreign exchange resources. True OR False.

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Answer: True.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Mission on oilseed and Oil palm (NMOOP):

  • NMOOP was launched during 2014-15.
  • It is an initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • It envisages increasing production and productivity of oilseeds crops and oil palm through bringing in fallow areas under oilseed crops and diversification of area from low yielding cereals.
  • Aim: to achieve the required target by addressing major constraints to crop productivity through promotion of relevant technological interventions.
  • A provision has been made under NMOOP for supporting scientific research on subjects crucial for attaining goals of the Mission during the 12th Five Year Plan.

Technology mission on oilseed and pulses:

  • It has been re-designated called as Technology Mission on Oilseeds and Pulses was launched in 1986.
  • Objective: to substantially reduce the import of edible oils by the end of the Seventh Plan and to ultimately achieve self-reliance during the course of the Eighth Plan.
  • Achievement: TMO has been the initiation of Integrated Policy on Oilseeds (IPO) and the consequent Market Intervention Operation (MIO).
  • TMO has 4 micro-missions:
  • Micro-mission I for crop production technology
  • Micro-mission II for post-harvest technology
  • Micro-mission III for input and service support
  • Micro-mission IV for price support, storage, processing and marketing

Key Facts:

  • With nearly 68% of edible oils gets imported to meet the India’s annual requirements.
  • Of the total 15 million tonnes of imports, nearly 60% or about 9 million tonnes is palm oils.
  • North-East region has about 280000 ha of land potential for oil palm plantations but only 30,000 ha are covered.

 

 

 

Which of the region have the highest live storage of water in India? a) Central India OR b) South India.

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Answer: Central India

Enrich Your Learning:

India’s water reservoirs:

  • As per Central Water Commission (CWC), there is 155 % more water than in 2019 and 119 % more than average storage in the dams in the past 10 years in India.
  • Live storage available in the reservoirs was at 66.372 billion cubic metres (BCM) or 39 % of total live storage capacity.
  • CWC monitored 123 reservoirs of which 92 reported more than 80% normal storage.
  • Central region: Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh, had the highest live storage (45%).
  • Departure from normal storage in Andhra Pradesh, UP and West Bengal was by more than half.
  • While reservoirs in West Bengal had 84 % more storage than normal, it was 88 % and 67 % in AP and UP respectively.
  • Most river basins monitored by the CWC have more than normal storage:
  • Tapi dam had the highest departure (89 %)
  • Sabarmati basin was 79%
  • Godavari basin was 62%
  • Ganga basin with 56%.

 

 

World’s first electrified rail tunnel is located in India, negotiates a steep gradient on the uphill and downhill slope of the_________. a) Aravalli range OR b) Vindhya Range

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Answer: Aravalli range

Enrich Your Learning:

World’s first electrified rail tunnel:

  • The world’s first electrified rail tunnel fit to run double-stack containers will be operational in the next 12 months.
  • Location: Near Haryana’s Sohna through the Aravallis in the Western Dedicated Freight Corridor.
  • Implementing agency: Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL)

Key features:

  • Once operational, a double-stack container goods train will be able to run at a speed of more than 100 km from within this tunnel.
  • It is safe and stable as it is caved through 2500 to 500 million-year-old Proterozoic Rocks which have the high bearing capacity.
  • D-shaped tunnel has a cross-sectional area of 150 square metres to accommodate double line with higher OHE (Over Head Equipment) to enable double-stack container movement.
  • Cross-sectional area-wise, it is one of the biggest Railway tunnels in India.
  • It connects the Mewat and Gurugram district of Haryana.
  • One end of the tunnel is near Rewari while the other end of the tunnel is at Dadri.

 

 

Recently, a tribe named Siddi was seen in news belongs to which Indian State? a) Karnataka OR b) Gujarat

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Answer: Karnataka

Enrich Your Learning:

Siddi Community:

Why in news?

  • Siddi community of African descent gets its first representative in Karnataka legislature.

About Siddi Community:

  • They were classified under the list of Scheduled Tribes by the union government in 2003.
  • They mainly lives in Dharwad, Belagavi and Uttar Kannada districts.
  • They are included in the Centre’s list of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • They depended on hunting and gathering traditionally, but at present, their main source of livelihood is labour and agriculture.
  • It is believed that they are of African originbecause they clearly show the Negroid racial strain in their physical features.

 

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