- Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) is responsible for carrying out the Government of India five year TB National Strategic Plans.
- On January 1, 2020, RNTCP was renamed as National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
Enrich Your Learning:
Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP)
Why in News?
- On January 1, 2020, India’s TB control programme got a change of name.
- It is no longer known as the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP), and has been rechristened as the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP).
About Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP):
- The large scale implementation of the Indian government’s Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) (sometimes known as RNTCP 1) was started in 1997.
- The RNTCP was then expanded across India until the entire nation was covered by the RNTCP in March 2006.
- At this time the RNTCP also became known as RNTCP II.
- RNTCP II was designed to consolidate the gains achieved in RNTCP I, and to initiate services to addressTB/HIV, MDR-TB and to extend RNTCP to the private sector.
- An RNTCP use the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended Directly Observed Treatment Short Course (DOTS) strategy and reaches over a billion people in 632 districts/reporting units.
- The RNTCP is responsible for carrying out the Government of India five year TB National Strategic Plans.
- With the RNTCP, both diagnosis and treatment of TB are free.
- There is also, at least in theory, no waiting period for patients seeking treatment and TB drugs.
The initial objectives of the RNTCP in India were:
- To achieve and maintain a TB treatment success rate of at least 85% among new sputum positive (NSP) patients.
- To achieve and maintain detection of at least 70% of the estimated new sputum positive people in the community.
- The change in name is in line with the larger goal of eliminating the disease by 2025, five years ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals target.
- In March 2018, Prime Minister had announced 2025 as the target year for ending TB.
- The goal to end TB by 2025 got a much needed boost with the World Health Organization stating that the indigenously developed molecular test (TrueNat MTB) for diagnosing pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB and rifampicin-resistant TB has high diagnostic accuracy.