Prelims 2020

27th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

World Food Programme (WFP); National Sample Survey Office (NSSO); Central Statistics Office (CSO); Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL); National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA); Maritime museum;
By IASToppers
August 27, 2020




Where India’s first maritime museum will be established?

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  • National Maritime Heritage Museum will be established at Lothal, a Harappan site on the Saurashtra coast in Gujarat.

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Maritime museum

  • National Maritime Heritage Museum will be established at Lothal, a Harappan site on the Saurashtra coast in Gujarat.
  • The museum will also be an independent research centre of underwater archaeology for reconstruction of maritime history, archaeology of boat building and materials traded.
  • It will have on display salvaged material from shipwreck sites in the Indian Ocean waters.


  • Underwater archaeology is a specialized branch of archaeology that involves recovering submerged remains such as ports, shipwrecks and studying proxy records of maritime activity from archaeological excavations as well as archival and historical records.
  • According to the UNESCO, there are an estimated three million undiscovered shipwrecks lying on the ocean floor.
  • Between 1824 and 1962, over 12,000 sailing ships and war vessels were lost at sea. Many of them got wrecked in Indian coastal waters.




Which is the world’s largest teachers’ training programme of its kind that was recently launched by Indian government?

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Answer: National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) is the world’s largest teachers’ training programme of its kind.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA)

  • National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) was launched in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It is an initiative of Ministry of Human Resource Development.
  • It is the largest teachers’ training programmeof its kind in the world.
  • The features of this programme are activity based modules including educational games, Social-emotional learning, motivational interactions, team building, preparation for school based assessment, in-built continuous feedback mechanism etc.
  • Under this programme, standardized training moduleswill be developed at national level for all States and UTs.
  • The training will be conducted directly by key resource persons (KRPs) and state resource persons (SRPs), who will in turn be trained by persons from the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA), Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and
  • A Mobile App and Learning Management System (LMS) based on MOODLE (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) have been developed by NCERT for registration of Teachers, dissemination of resources, training gap and impact analysis etc.


  • To build the capacities of around 42 lakh participants covering all teachers and Heads of Schools at the elementary level in all Government schools, faculty members of State Councils of Educational Research and Training (SCERTs), District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs) as well as Block Resource Coordinators and Cluster Resource Coordinators.
  • To develop teacher’s skills on various aspects related to Learning Outcomes, Competency Based Learning, School Leadership qualities Pre-vocational Education, eco club, youth club, kitchen garden etc.


  • It was observed that the expectation from teachers in the present day is different and includes many new attributes.
  • Teachers today are also expected to be aware of the provisions regardinggender, the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act and the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act.




World Food Programme is not associated with UN agency. True OR False?

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Answer: False

Correct Answer:

  • The World Food Programme (WFP) is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations.

Enrich Your Learning:

World Food Programme (WFP)

  • World Food Programme is the UN agency focused on hunger alleviation and food security.
  • It delivers food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.
  • Globally, it responds to emergencies making sure, food reaches where it is needed, especially in times of civil strife and natural disasters.
  • As the international community, it has committed to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition by 2030.
  • In 1965, WFP is enshrined as a fully-fledged UN programme: it is to last for “as long as multilateral food aid is found feasible and desirable”.
  • WFP is governed by a 36-member Executive Board.
  • It works closely with its two Rome-based sister organizations:
    • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    • International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • WFP relies entirely on voluntary contributions for its funding.
  • Its principal donors are governments, but the organization also receives donations from the private sector and individuals.

Are of Focus:

  • WFP’s efforts focus on emergency assistance, relief and rehabilitation, development aid and special operations.
  • Two-thirds of our work is in conflict-affected countries where people are three times more likely to be undernourished than those living in countries without conflict.

WHP in India:

  • WFP has been working in India since 1963.
  • In India, WFP has moved from providing direct food aid to providing technical assistance and capacity building services to the Government of India.
  • WFP is focusing on enabling the country’s food-based social safety nets to function more efficiently and effectively in providing food to their target population.

Key Fact

  • Goal No.2 of Goals for Sustainable Development – Zero Hunger – pledges to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture which is the priority of the World Food Programme.




Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is available in which languages?

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  • TKDL is available in five international languages – English, French, German, Spanish and Japanese.

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Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

  • TKDL is an Indian initiative to prevent exploitation and to protect Indian traditional knowledge from wrongful patents mainly at International Patent Offices.
  • TKDL contains Indian traditional medicine knowledge in a digitized format and is available in five international languages (English, French, German, Spanish and Japanese) Indian traditional medicine knowledge in TKDL pertains to traditional books related to Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha.
  • CSIR is the implementing agency for TKDL.
  • Funds under the scheme are provided only to CSIR and no funds have been allocated to any state.
  • The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is an Indian digital knowledge repositoryof the traditional knowledge, especially about medicinal plants and formulations used in Indian systems of medicine.
  • Set up in 2001, as collaboration between the Council of scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the MINISTRY OF AYUSH.
  • Objective of the library is to protect the ancient and traditional knowledge of the country from exploitationthrough biopiracy and unethical patents, by documenting it electronically and classifying it as per international patent classification systems.
  • Apart from that, the non-patent database servers to foster modern research based on traditional knowledge, as it simplifies access to this vast knowledge of remedies or practices.




Which office every year brings out reports on status of estimation of agricultural production in India: National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) OR Central Statistics Office (CSO)?

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  • NSSO every year brings out reports on status of estimation of agricultural production in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Sample Survey Office (NSSO):

  • The NSSO was set up in 1950 to conduct large-scale sample surveys throughout India.
  • The employees of the NSSO are from the Indian Statistical Service and the Subordinate Statistical Service.
  • The NSSO has four divisions:
  • Survey Design and Research (SDR)
  • Field Operations Division (FOD)
  • Data Processing
  • Economic Analysis.

Objectives of NSSO:

  • To provide statistical and other information for the purpose of state or national planning and policy requirements.
  • To evolve statistical techniques for the analysis of statistical data, the solutions of administrative problems and estimation of future trends.
  • To collect and publish information which will be of use to those engaged in economic activities in the country.
  • To provide and analyse information which are useful to research workers in socioeconomic fields.

   Functions of NSSO:

  • To conduct large scale sample surveys on subjects like household consumer expenditure, employment and unemployment, health and medical services
  • It decides the topics to be covered in a particular survey round.
  • Agricultural wing of FOD, NSSO has the overall responsibility of assisting the states by developing suitable survey techniques for obtaining reliable and timely estimates of crop yield.
  • It conducts annual survey of industries (ASI) every year.
  • NSSO every year brings out reports on status of estimation of agricultural production in India.
  • NSSO has the central responsibility of coordinating the results of the crop estimation surveys conducted by the states.

Central Statistics Office (CSO):

Earlier known as the Central Statistics Organisation of India, CSO is responsible for the coordination of statistical activities in India, and evolving and maintaining statistical standards.

  • The CSO is headed by the Director-General who is assisted by Five additional Director-Generals and four Deputy Director-Generals, six Joint Directors, seven special task officers, thirty deputy directors, 48 assistant directors and other supporting staff.
  • It has a well-equipped Graphical Unit.
  • The CSO is located in Delhi.
  • Its activities include:
    • National Account Statistics(NAS)
    • Conduct of Annual Survey of Industries(ASI), Economic Censuses and its follow up surveys,
    • Index of Industrial ProductionCompilation, as well as Consumer Price Indices for Urban Non-Manual Employees
    • Human Development Statistics
    • Gender Statistics
    • Imparting training in Official Statistics
    • Five Year Plan work relating to Development of Statisticsin the States and Union Territories
    • Broadcasting statistical information, energy, construction, and environment statistics, work relating to trade revision of National Industrial Classification, etc.
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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