Prelims 2020

27th July 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Arunachal Himalaya; Unnat Bharat Abhiyan; Governor; Powers of Governor; Financial Management Index for Rural Development Programmes; Joint Economic Trade Committee (JETCO).
By IASToppers
July 27, 2020




Which mountain is accepted the easternmost point of the Himalayas? A) Kubi Gangri OR b) Namcha Barwa.

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Answer: Namcha Barwa

Enrich Your Learning:

Arunachal Himalaya:

  • Arunachal Himalayas form the eastern frontier of the Eastern Himalayas.
  • Namcha Barwa massif on the extreme east of the Arunachal Pradesh is the accepted easternmost point of the Himalayas.
  • Earlier this region was known by the term of Assam Himalayas, but the creation of the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) and Arunachal Pradesh rendered this term obsolete.
  • For the major part of its length, this range is a low range by Himalayan standards, rising to heights of 5,000 m and 6,000 m.
  • The Himalayan range enters Arunachal Pradesh from Bhutan at the West Kameng
  • The region is a series of high ridges and low valleys and the altitude in the region varies from 800 m to7000 m above sea level.
  • It runs northwards over the Kangto region before extending to the easternmost frontiers of the Arunachal Himalayas.




Joint Economic Trade Committee (JETCO) is the platform for the business community between which two countries?

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Answer: India and United Kingdom.

Enrich Your Learning:

Joint Economic Trade Committee (JETCO):

Why in news?

  • Recently, the 14th Joint Economic and Trade Committee (JETCO) meeting has held between the India and the UK.

About Joint Economic Trade Committee (JETCO):

  • It provides a forum to UK companies to enhance their links and develop new partnerships with India business and decision makers.
  • Objectives: to unveil opportunities for London’s most prominent institutional investors to invest in India.
  • Through the JETCO process, Government to Government negotiations, which address issues of market liberalization and market access are conducted.
  • UK India Business Council plays a key role in feeding the views of the UK business community into this process with a view to achieving favorable outcomes for UK companies.




Financial Management Index for Rural Development Programmes is managed by____________.  a) Ministry of Rural Development OR b) Ministry of Panchayati Raj

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Answer: Ministry of Rural Development

Enrich Your Learning:

Financial Management Index for Rural Development Programmes:

  • It is for the ranking of states on efficient management of financial resources allocated for implementing half a dozen rural development schemes.
  • Rural development ministry has developed a financial management index.
  • It will rank the performance of states over their utilization of Central government funds.
  • It will rank states on the basis of five parameters:
  • Optimum implementation of Public Financial Management System (PFMS)
  • Direct Benefit Transfer
  • Internal Audit
  • Social Audit
  • Preparation of annual plan, expeditious release of State’s share, projecting the requirement of funds for the financial year, timely utilization of the funds and submission of the Utilization Certificates.




Governor is not consulted by the President in the appointment of the Chief Justice to the High Court of that particular state. True OR False.

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Answer: False.

Correct statement: Governor is consulted by the President in the appointment of the Chief Justice to the High Court of that particular state.

Enrich Your Learning:

Who is governor?

  • The Governor is the Nominal head of a state just like the President is the head of the republic.
  • Appointed by: President
  • Term: 5 years.
  • Removal of governor: (no provision of impeachment of governor)
  • Holds his office at the pleasure of President who has power to remove a Governor without giving him or her any reason & granting an opportunity to be heard.
  • Eligibility Criteria: 157 & 158 specify eligibility requirements for the post of governor:
  • Must be a citizen of India & completed 35 yrs.
  • Must not hold any other office of profit.
  • Must not be a member of the Legislature of the Union or of any other state.

Powers of Governor:

Legislative (affiliated with ordinance making & State Legislature):

  • Can summon, prorogue, defer or dissolve the State Legislative Assembly.
  • Nominate 1/6th of the State Legislative Council.
  • Nominate a member of Anglo-Indian community to Legislative Assembly.
  • Inaugurates State Legislature at 1st session every year.
  • Lays reports of State Fin. Comm., State PSC & CAG relating to account of State in Legislative Assembly.
  • 200: Confers the Governor with the power to assent, withhold assent, return for reconsideration, or reserve for President’s consideration any Bill.

(But if Vidhan Sabha send back a returned Bill to him the 2nd time, then he has to sign it)

  • 213: Governor promulgates an ordinance when Legislative Assembly is not in session.

Executive (affiliated with administrative appointments and discharge):

  • 154: Executive power of the State is vested with Governor who can exercise them through directly or indirectly through subordinate officers.
  • 164: Appoint the CM & upon the CM’s recommendation, appointment of other ministers.
  • Appoints Advocate General of the State, State Election Commissioners & chairman and members of the State PSC.
  • Cannot remove the members of the State PSC. (Removed by order of President).
  • Nominate to the Legislative Council persons with special knowledge in matters of literature, art etc.

Financial (authority over the state budget & money bills):

  • Constitutes the Fin. Comm. to oversee financial positions of Panchayats and Municipalities & in case of any unforeseen circumstances, holds the power to make advances out of the State Contingency Fund.
  • A prior recommendation of the Governor is necessary before the introduction of any Money Bills or Demands for Grant.
  • Ensures the annual financial statement or State Budget is laid before the State Legislature.

Judicial (affiliated with power to grant pardons and respites):

  • 161: Grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remission of punishments of those convicted of an offence to which the executive power of the State extends.
  • Governor is consulted by the President & CJI, in the appointment of the Chief Justice to HC, judges of High and District Courts, their postings & promotions.

Discretionary (to be exercised at the discretion of the Governor):

  • Dissolve the legislative assembly if the CM advices him to do following a vote of no confidence. Following which, it is up to the Governor what he/ she would like to do.
  • Can recommend the president about the failure of the constitutional machinery in the state.
  • Can reserve a bill passed by the state legislature for president’s assent.
  • If there is no political party with a clear-cut majority in the assembly, Governor can appoint anybody as CM.
  • Can seek information from CM with regard to the administrative, legislative matters of state.
  • Governor has discretion to refuse to sign to an ordinary bill passed by the state legislature.
  • Determines the amount payable by the Government of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram to an autonomous Tribal District Council as royalty accruing from licenses for mineral exploration.

Key fact:

  • The first woman to become a Governor of a state in India was Sarojini Naidu. (Uttar Pradesh)



What is the aim of the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA)?

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UBA aims to leverage the knowledge base and resources of the Premier Institutions of the country to bring in transformational change in rural developmental process.

Enrich Your Learning:

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan:

  • It is a flagship national programme of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).
  • It is envisioning the transformational change in rural development processes by leveraging knowledge institutions to help build the architecture of an Inclusive India.
  • It has identified a few rural clusters for direct intervention and is in the process of networking with various participating institutions and voluntary organizations.
  • It works to build capacities and connect to the tribal communities.
  • IIT Delhi has been designated to function as the National Coordinating Institute for this programme.
  • Under UBA, IIT Delhi has brought together a large number of nodal institutions like:
  • IITs, ICMR, ISRO, DRDO etc.
  • Community Organizations,
  • CSR conscious corporates.
  • It intends to extend the coverage to all the reputed Higher Educational Institutes, in a phased manner.
  • Each selected institute would adopt a cluster of villages / panchayats and gradually expand the outreach over a period of time.
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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