Prelims 2020

28th July 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Central Reserve Police Force; BIS-Care; Dare to Dream 2.0; MoES-Knowledge Resource Centre Network (KRCNet); MAUSAM mobile App.
By IASToppers
July 28, 2020



Which is the India`s largest Central Armed Police Force? a) Border Security Force OR b) Central Reserve Police Force

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Answer: Central Reserve Police Force

Enrich Your Learning:

Central Reserve Police Force:

  • It is India`s largest Central Armed Police Force.
  • It has a sanctioned strength of more than 300,000 personnel.
  • Functions under: Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The CRPF came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police on July 27, 1939.
  • It became the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) on the enactment of the CRPF Act on December 28, 1949.


  • To enable the government to maintain the rule of law, public order and internal security effectively and efficiently.
  • To preserve national integrity and promote social harmony and development by upholding the supremacy of the Constitution.


  • The CRPF’s primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter-insurgency.
  • It provides security services during elections.
  • Some CRPF contingents were part of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force.
  • Apart from anti-Naxal operations, CRPF personnel also carries out several operations in situations of crisis like terrorist attacks, counter-terrorism operations, rescuing citizens during terrorist attacks and among others.







Who has designed and developed the Mobile App named ‘MAUSAM’ in India?

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  • ‘MAUSAM’ has been designed and developed jointly by:
  • ICRISAT’s Digital Agriculture & Youth (DAY) team,
  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune and
  • India Meteorological Department.
  • ICRISAT: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

Enrich Your Learning:

MAUSAM mobile App:

  • It is launched by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

Services provided by the App:

  • Current Weather -Current temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction for 200 cities updated 8 times a day. Information on Sunrise/ sunset and moonrise/ moonset are also given.
  • Nowcast– Three hourly warnings of localized weather phenomena and their intensity issued for about 800 stations, and districts of India by State Meteorological Centres of IMD.
  • City Forecast – Past 24 hours and a 7-day forecast of weather conditions around 450 cities in India.
  • Warnings– Alerts issued twice a day for all districts for the next five days in colour code (Red, Orange and Yellow) to warn citizens of approaching dangerous weather.
  • Colour code Red is the most severe category urging authorities to take action,
  • Orange code prompts authorities and public to be alert and
  • Yellow code prompts authorities and public to keep themselves updated.
  • Radar products: Latest Station wise radar products updated every 10 minutes




Mention any two objectives of the Ministry of Earth Sciences- Knowledge Resource Centre Network (KRCNet).

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  • Establish a Total Quality Management (TQM) system by securing ISO certification for documenting MoES knowledge resources, its maintenance, easy retrieval and dissemination.
  • Collect, collate, analyze, index, store and disseminate the intellectual resources, products and project outputs available in MoES headquarter and its institutes.

Enrich Your Learning:

MoES-Knowledge Resource Centre Network (KRCNet):

  • It is a pilot project has been developed at Ministry of Earth Sciences headquarters which will be integrated with other MoES institutes.
  • Aim: to develop a World-Class Knowledge Resource Centre Network (KRCNet).


  • Develop and maintain an up-to-date meta-data of the print & digital resources available in MoES headquarter and MoES institutes, including MoES services.
  • Provide 24X7 access to the subscribed knowledge contents through the KRCNet portal.
  • Application of information-analytical tools & techniques like bibliometrics, scientometrics, big-data analytics, social media analytics etc., for policy formulation, report preparation and information dissemination.
  • Periodically organize training workshops to popularize the usage of electronic journals, databases, digital products, data analytics etc.




Which organisation has launched the Dare to Dream 2.0 challenge? a) Defence Research and Development Organisation OR b) Indian Space Research Organisation

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Defence Research and Development Organisation

Enrich Your Learning:

Dare to Dream 2.0:

  • Recently, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) launched Dare to Dream 2.0.
  • It is an open challenge, a contest for innovators and startups.
  • It seeks to promote the innovators and startups of India in defence & aerospace technologies.
  • The winners will be decided after due evaluation by an expert committee.
  • Award money up to Rs 10 lakh for startup and Rs 5 lakh to the individual category, will be given to the winners.



What is the purpose of the recently launched BIS-Care app by the central government?

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  • BIS-Care app is for Consumer to check the quality of ISI (Indian Standards Institution) and hallmarks of any product.

Enrich Your Learning:


Why in news?

  • Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution launched the Bureau of Indian Standard’s Mobile App BIS-Care.

About the app:

  • Through this app, consumers can:
  • Check the authenticity of the ISI-marked and hallmarked products and
  • Lodge complaints using this app.
  • The mobile app BIS-Care can be operated on any Android phone.
  • This app is operational in Hindi and English language.
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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