Prelims 2020

29th July 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Royal Bengal Tiger;World Hepatitis Day; Hepatitis; Difference between Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C; Report of Tiger Census; Lidar-based survey technology; India Report- Digital Education 2020; Pampa River; Five Eyes intelligence alliance.
By IASToppers
July 29, 2020




Name the countries of Five Eyes intelligence alliance.

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Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Enrich Your Learning:

Five Eyes intelligence alliance:

  • It is an intelligence alliancecomprising: 
    1. Australia,
    2. Canada,
    3. New Zealand,
    4. United Kingdom &
    5. United States.
  • These countries are parties to the multilateral UKUSA Agreement, a treaty for joint cooperation in signals intelligence.
  • The origins of the FVEY can be traced back to the post–World War II period.
  • During the Cold War, the ECHELON surveillance systemwas initially developed by the FVEY to monitor the communications of the former Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc, although it is now used to monitor private communications worldwide.
  • It is a ‘supra-national intelligence organization’ and is not accountable to the laws of its countries.




Pampa river is located in Kerala joins which of the sea? a) Bay of Bengal OR b) Arabian Sea

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Answer: Arabian Sea

Enrich Your Learning:

Pampa River:

  • Pampa River is also known as Pamba River.
  • It is the third longest river in Kerala after Periyar River and Bharathappuzha River.
  • It originates at Pulachimalai hill in the Peerumedu plateau in the Western Ghats and empties into the Vembanad Lake.
  • River joins the Arabian Sea through a number of channels.
  • Sabarimala temple dedicated to Lord Ayyappa is located on the banks of the River Pamba.
  • A famous Anjana temple is also situated near this bank.

Snake Boat Race at Pamba River:

  • Snake boat race is one of the important “Traditional Game” in Kerala on bank of this river.
  • The races are being conducted at Aranmula in the River Pampa.
  • Aranmula Boat festival is connected to the Annual Onam Festival of Kerala.




Digital initiative named SMILE (Social Media Interface for Learning Engagement) is started by________. a) Rajasthan OR b) Maharashtra

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Answer: Rajasthan

Enrich Your Learning:

India Report- Digital Education 2020:

  • Launched by: Ministry of Human Resource Development
  • Prepared by Digital Education Division of MHRD in consultation with Education Departments of States and UTs.
  • Report elaborates on innovative methods adopted by States/UTs for ensuring accessible, inclusive education to children at home and reducing learning gaps.
  • It is focused to facilitate remote learning and education for all by taking schools to the students.
  • HRD Ministry has initiated projects to assist teachers, scholars and students in their pursuit of learning like:
  • DIKSHA platform,
  • Swayam Prabha TV Channel,
  • On Air – Shiksha Vani,
  • DAISY by NIOS for differently-abled to name a few.

States Digital initiatives:

Some of the major digital initiatives by State Governments are:

  • SMILE (Social Media Interface for Learning Engagement) in Rajasthan,
  • Project Home Classes in Jammu,
  • Padhai Tunhar duvaar (Education at your doorstep) in Chhattisgarh,
  • Unnayan Initiatives in Bihar through portal and mobile application,
  • Mission Buniyaad in NCT of Delhi.
  • Madhya Pradesh has launched Top Parent App




India has 70% of world’s tiger population. True OR False.

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Answer: True.

Enrich Your Learning:

Report of Tiger Census:

Why in news?

  • Recently, Environment Minister has released updated report on India’s Tiger Survey.

Highlights of the report:

  • It puts the India’s tiger population at 2,367.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526 followed by Karnataka (524) & Uttarakhand (442).
  • Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in tiger population.
  • Other States Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana saw a “positive” increase.

Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris):

  • IUCN Red List: Endangered
  • Largest populations in India and some smaller groups of tigers in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
  • Habitats: tropical rainforests, marshes, and tall grasses.

Lidar-based survey technology:

  • Lidar-based survey technology will be used for the first time in India.
  • Lidar is a method of measuring distance by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor.

Aim: to provide water and fodder to animals at the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict that was causing the death of animals



What is the theme of the World Hepatitis Day 2020?

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Theme 2020: “Keep your Liver Safe in COVID times”

Enrich Your Learning:

World Hepatitis Day:

  • The day is being observed on 28th July since 2010.
  • It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the
  • 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus.
  • He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.

About Hepatitis:

  • Inflammation of liveris usually referred as hepatitis.
  • Viral hepatitis is a widespread infectious disease normally caused by the hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E.
  • Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain drugs), and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis.

Difference between Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C:

  • Although each can cause similar symptoms, they have different modes of transmission and can affect the liver differently.
  • Hepatitis A appears only as an acute or newly occurring infection and does not become chronic. People with Hepatitis A usually improve without treatment.
  • Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C can also begin as acute infections, but in some people, the virus remains in the body, resulting in chronic disease and long-term liver problems.
  • There are vaccines to prevent Hepatitis A and B; however, there is not one for Hepatitis C.
  • If a person has had one type of viral hepatitis in the past, it is still possible to get the other types.