Enrich Your Learning:
Report of Tiger Census:
Why in news?
- Recently, Environment Minister has released updated report on India’s Tiger Survey.
Highlights of the report:
- It puts the India’s tiger population at 2,367.
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526 followed by Karnataka (524) & Uttarakhand (442).
- Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in tiger population.
- Other States Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana saw a “positive” increase.
Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris):
- IUCN Red List: Endangered
- Largest populations in India and some smaller groups of tigers in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan.
- Habitats: tropical rainforests, marshes, and tall grasses.
Lidar-based survey technology:
- Lidar-based survey technology will be used for the first time in India.
- Lidar is a method of measuring distance by illuminating the target with laser light and measuring the reflection with a sensor.
Aim: to provide water and fodder to animals at the forest itself to deal with the challenge of human-animal conflict that was causing the death of animals