Prelims 2020

3rd July 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Indradhanush North Eastern Gas Grid project; New Investment Policy (NIP-2012) for urea; Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited; The Attorney-General of India; Solicitor General of India; Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019;
By IASToppers
July 03, 2020

 

 

 

What is the significance of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019?

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Answer:

  • It puts zero tolerance to ‘terrorist investigation’ by declaring an individual as terrorist.
  • It focuses on expertise rather than on rank to investigate terrorist cases, as it also provided a qualified ‘inspector’ of NIA to conduct cases.
  • The act empowers the inspector to do investigation.
  • It empowers NIA Director General (DG) of police to seize the property of individual without obtaining the permission of state DG.

Enrich Your Learning:

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019:

Why in news?

The Ministry of Home Affairs designated nine individuals as terrorists linked to separatist Khalistani groups that seek to establish a separate country for the Sikhs under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).

About UAPA Act 2019:

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act 2019 provides special procedures to deal with terrorist activities, among other things.

Who may commit terrorism?

  • The act empowers the government to designate individuals as terrorists on the same grounds.
  • Under the Act, the central government may designate an organisation as a terrorist organisation if it:
    • commits or participates in acts of terrorism,
    • prepares for terrorism,
    • promotes terrorism, or
    • is otherwise involved in terrorism.

Approval for seizure of property by NIA:

  • Under the Act, an investigating officer is required to obtain the prior approval of the Director General of Police (DGP) to seize properties that may be connected with terrorism.
  • If the investigation is conducted by an officer of the National Investigation Agency (NIA), the approval of the Director General of NIA would be required for seizure of such property.

Investigation by NIA:

  • Under the Act, investigation of cases may be conducted by officers of the rank of Deputy Superintendent or Assistant Commissioner of Police or above.
  • It empowers the officers of the NIA, of the rank of Inspector or above, to investigate cases.
  • However, investigation of cases can be conducted by state DSPs as well.

Insertion to schedule of treaties:

  • The Act defines terrorist acts to include acts committed within the scope of any of the treaties listed in a schedule to the Act.
  • The Schedule lists nine treaties, including the Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997) and the Convention against Taking of Hostages (1979), the treaty of International Convention for Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005) to the list.

Criticism:

  • The provision for designating individual as terrorist can be misused.
  • There are very less chances of it being misused as the central government does not declare any individual without any material on record.
  • The government might make a committee soon that will go through these materials to decide on individual as terrorist or not.

 

 

 

Indradhanush North Eastern Gas Grid project would be developed in which of the eight states of India?

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Answer:

Gas Pipeline Grid would be developed in the eight states of the North-Eastern region:

  • Arunachal Pradesh,
  • Assam,
  • Manipur,
  • Meghalaya,
  • Mizoram,
  • Nagaland,
  • Sikkim and
  •  

Enrich Your Learning:

Indradhanush North Eastern Gas Grid project:

Why in news?

Cabinet approves Capital Grant as Viability Gap Funding to Indradhanush Gas Grid Limited for setting up the North East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid.

About Indradhanush North Eastern Gas Grid project:

  • Indradhanush Gas Grid Limited is a joint venture company of five CPSEs (IOCL, ONGC, GAIL, OIL and NRL).
  • Total length of pipeline is 1656 KM.
  • The Capital Grant will provide natural gas supplies to various types of consumers viz. Industrial, PNG (Domestic), CNG (Transport) and would immensely help in substituting the liquid fuels.
  • The pipeline grid would ensure reliability and uninterrupted natural gas supplies to the consumers which otherwise gets severely affected due to various reasons in this part of the country.
  • Availability of Natural gas across the region is expected to boost industrial growth without impacting the environment and would offer better quality of life to the people in general due to use of cleaner and green fuel.

Socio-Economic and Environmental Benefits:

  • Reduction in the usage of kerosene, wood due to increased usage of environment friendly fuel natural gas thereby improving the environment in the region.
  • Improvement in the standard of living of peoples living in the region.
  • It will boost Exploration & Production activities and connect regional gas sources with pipeline network for early monetization of natural resources in the region.
  • Possibility of installing bottling plants for LPG can be explored for reducing transportation cost.
  • Uninterrupted supply of LPG and other value added products can be ensured in the region which will bring energy security to the people in the area.

 

 

 

Who does appoint the Solicitor General of India?

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Answer:

Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appoints the Solicitor General of India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Attorney General of India and Solicitor General of India:

Why in news?

The Union government extended the term of K.K. Venugopal as the Attorney General (AG) for one year, Tushar Mehta as the Solicitor General (SG) for three years and appointing six new Additional Solicitors General (ASGs).

The Attorney-General of India:

  • The Attorney-General for India is appointed by the President of India.
  • Any person qualified to be a judge of the Supreme Court can be appointed for the post.
  • The duties of the Attorney-General are:
  • to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matters
  • to perform such other duties of a legal character, as may from time to time be referred or assigned to him by the President
  • to discharge the functions conferred on him by or under the Constitution or any other law for the time being in force.
  • In the performance of his duties the Attorney-General shall have the right of audience in all courts in the territory of India.
  • The Attorney-General shall hold office during the pleasure of the President, and shall receive such remuneration as the President may determine.

Solicitor General of India:

  • The Solicitor General of India is the government’s chief legal advisor, and its primary lawyer in the Supreme Court of India.
  • The Solicitor General of India is the secondary law officer of the country, assists the Attorney-General, and is himself assisted by several Additional Solicitors General of India.
  • Like the Attorney-General for India, the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General advise the government and appear on behalf of the Union of India in terms of the Law Officers (Terms and Conditions) Rules, 1972.
  • However, unlike the post of Attorney-General for India, which is a Constitutional post under Article 76, the posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are merely

 

 

 

A Central Public Sector Enterprise named Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited has Maharatna status. True OR False.

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Answer: False.

Correct statement:

A Central Public Sector Enterprise named Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited has Miniratna status.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited:

  • Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited (RCF) is a Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
  • It was established in 1978 on the reorganization of erstwhile Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd. into five new companies:
  • Fertilizer Corporation of India (FCI),
  • Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFC),
  • Projects & Development India Limited (PDIL),
  • National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) and
  • Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited (RCF).
  • Company has been accorded coveted “Miniratna” status in 1997.
  • The Ujjwala Urea and Complex fertilizer Suphala brands of fertilizers manufactured by RCF carry high brand equity and are recognized brands all over the country.
  • RCF also produces bio-fertilizers, micronutrients and 100% water soluble fertilizers. Apart from these products, RCF produces industrial chemicals such as Methanol, Ammonium bicarbonate, Methyl Amine, Formic Acid etc.

 

 

Mention any three salient features of New Investment Policy (NIP-2012) for urea.

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Answer:

  • It encourages investment by Indian industry for Joint Ventures abroad in resource rich countries.
  • The policy incentivizes units to produce urea in granulated or coated/fortified form to improve the efficiency in the use of urea.
  • The Greenfield/Brownfield project under NIP-2012 and amendment thereof will enhance the production of domestic urea.

Enrich Your Learning:

New Investment Policy 2012 (NIP-2012) for urea:

  • The Central Government had announced New Investment Policy (NIP-2012) and its amendment in 2014 to facilitate fresh investment in the urea sector and to make India self-sufficient in the urea sector.
  • Under NIP – 2012, Matix Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited has set up a Coal Bed Methane (CBM) based Greenfield Ammonia –Urea complex at Panagarh, West Bengal.
  • Chambal Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (CFCL) has also set up a Brownfield project at Gadepan,

Salient features are as follows:

  • The policy supports gas based plants only.
  • It supports revival of closed units.
  • For units in North Eastern states, the special dispensation regarding gas price that is being extended by GOI/State Governments will be available to any new investment.
  • Suitable adjustments will be made to applicable floor and ceiling price in case the delivered price (after allowing for special dispensation), subject to approval of Ministry of Finance.
  • The policy is applicable to all units whose production starts within five years from the date of notification and has dispensation of guaranteed buy back for eight years from date of start of production.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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