Prelims 2020

3rd September 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

POSHAN Abhiyaan; SAANS campaign; Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY); New National Policy on Official Statistics; High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) technology; New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI);
By IASToppers
September 03, 2020

 

 

 

High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) Technology works on which two modes of operation with respect to the source of fuel?

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Answer:

  • One mode is based on the conversion of natural gas into Hydrogen by means of steam reforming. This mode is used to fulfill stationary power demands.
  • The second mode is based on the operation of Hydrogen with Oxygen obtained by the process of electrolysis. This is generally used in the space-related applications.

Enrich Your Learning:

High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) technology:

  • High Temperature Proton-Exchange-Membrane (HTPEM) is the core of the fuel cells running above 150 °C.
  • As in classical PEM fuel cells technology, Hydrogen is electrochemically split to proton and electron on anode. Proton is transported through membrane to cathode while electricity is yielded in external circuit. At cathode protons recombine with electron and reacts further with Oxygen to water and heat.
  • The technology can achieve efficiency approaching 90% calculated as combined yield of electricity and heat.

Significance of HTPEM technology:

  • HT-PEM Technology enables simple and cost effective fuel cell systems that can operate on fuel sources available today, such as natural gas, propane, and methanol.
  • When compared to low temperature PEM fuel cells, subsystems for membrane humidification and carbon monoxide clean up from reformate can be eliminated.

New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI):

  • It is the largest Public-Private-Partnership effort within the R&D domain in the country.
  • It seeks to catalyze innovation centred scientific and technological developments as a vehicle to attain for Indian industry a global leadership position, in selected niche areas.
  • It synergizes the best competencies of publicly funded R&D institutions, academia, and private industry.
  • It has so far evolved 60 largely networked projects in diversified areas viz. Agriculture & Plant Biotechnology, General Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Materials, Information and Communication Technology, and Energy.

 

 

 

The New National Policy on Official Statistics is based on the recommendations of the National Statistical Commission and the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics. True OR False?

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Answer: True

Enrich Your Learning:

New National Policy on Official Statistics

  • The Union Budget 2020-21 mentions the New National Policy on Official Statistics which intends to promote the use of the latest technologies including AI and lay down a road-map towards modernized data collection, integrated information portal and timely dissemination of information.

Key updates about the New National Policy on Official Statistics:

  • The new national policy on official statistics is based on the recommendations of the National Statistical Commission and the United Nations Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics. 
  • The policy seeks to create synergy between the Centre and the states in statistical matters besides promoting an ecosystem for “informed debate” on various social and economic issues affecting people’s lives.
  • The ministry began drafting the policy in June, shelving a proposal to set up a National Statistical Development Council, an independent authority headed by the Prime Minister that would supersede the National Statistical Commission (NSC). The latter is the apex body on statistical matters.
  • It had also proposed to make the chief statistician a permanent member of the NSC through the redrafted policy for improved coordination between the NSC and the government.

 

 

 

Which scheme was previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)?

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Answer:

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) scheme was previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana.

Enrich Your Learning:

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

  • It is a Maternity Benefit Programmethat is implemented in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.
  • It was previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY).
  • This programme has been in force from 1st January 2017.

Objectives

  • Providing partial compensation for the wage lossin terms of cash incentive so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first living child.

Eligibility

  • Lactating mothers and pregnant women in case of the birth of the first child in the family.

Benefits:

  • It is a direct benefit transfer (DBT) schemeunder which cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.
  • Under the scheme, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM)receive a cash benefit of INR 5,000 on fulfilling the respective conditionality.
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive INR 1000 under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on an average, a woman gets INR 6,000 in three instalments.

Implementation:

  • PMMVY is implemented using the platform of Anganwadi Services scheme of Umbrella Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) under Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Funding:

  • Under the scheme, the cost sharing ratio between the Centre and the States & UTs with Legislature is 60:40, for North-Eastern States & three Himalayan States; it is 90:10 and 100% Centralassistance for Union Territories without Legislature.

Key Facts:

  • In India, every third woman is undernourished and every second woman is anemic.

 

 

 

Does POSHAN Abhiyaan targets to reduce Low Birth Weight in chidlren?

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Answer:

  • Yes, it targets to reduce Low Birth Weight (LBW): By 6% @ 2% per annum (p.a.)

Enrich Your Learning:

POSHAN Abhiyaan

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan is the flagship programme of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD) to improve the nutritional intake and outcomes for children and female population by leveraging technology.
  • It includes Community based events and incentivizing states/UTs for achieving goals.
  • It contains awareness and community mobilization for nutritional intake and its benefits.
  • All districts of 36 states and UTs including Tamil Nadu has been covered in phased manner

Target under the mission

  • The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

Other Targets:

  • Prevent and reduce stunting in children (0-6 years): By 6% @ 2% p.a.
  • Prevent and reduce under-nutrition (underweight prevalence) in children (0-6 years): By 6% @ 2% p.a.
  • Reduce the prevalence of anemia among young Children(6-59 months): By 9% @ 3% p.a.
  • Reduce the prevalence of anemia among Women and Adolescent Girls in the age group of 15-49 years: By 9% @ 3% p.a.
  • Reduce Low Birth Weight (LBW): By 6% @ 2% p.a.

 

 

 

SAANS campaign aims to mobilize people to protect children from which disease?

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Answer:

  • SAANS campaign aims to mobilize people to protect children from

Enrich Your Learning:

Why in News?

  • Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare launched SAANS, a campaign aimed at reducing child mortality due to pneumonia, which contributes to around 15% deaths annually of children under the age of five.

About SAANS:

  • SAANS stands for ‘Social Awareness and Action to Neutralise Pneumonia Successfully’.
  • It aims to mobilize people to protect children from pneumonia, and train health personnel and other stakeholders to provide prioritized treatment to control the disease.
  • Under the campaign, a child suffering from pneumonia can be treated with pre-referral dose of anti-biotic amoxicillin by Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) workers, and health and wellness centres can use pulse oximeter (device to monitor oxygen saturation)to identify low oxygen levels in the blood of a child, and if required, treat him by use of oxygen cylinders.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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