- One mode is based on the conversion of natural gas into Hydrogen by means of steam reforming. This mode is used to fulfill stationary power demands.
- The second mode is based on the operation of Hydrogen with Oxygen obtained by the process of electrolysis. This is generally used in the space-related applications.
Enrich Your Learning:
High-Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane (HTPEM) technology:
- High Temperature Proton-Exchange-Membrane (HTPEM) is the core of the fuel cells running above 150 °C.
- As in classical PEM fuel cells technology, Hydrogen is electrochemically split to proton and electron on anode. Proton is transported through membrane to cathode while electricity is yielded in external circuit. At cathode protons recombine with electron and reacts further with Oxygen to water and heat.
- The technology can achieve efficiency approaching 90% calculated as combined yield of electricity and heat.
Significance of HTPEM technology:
- HT-PEM Technology enables simple and cost effective fuel cell systems that can operate on fuel sources available today, such as natural gas, propane, and methanol.
- When compared to low temperature PEM fuel cells, subsystems for membrane humidification and carbon monoxide clean up from reformate can be eliminated.
New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI):
- It is the largest Public-Private-Partnership effort within the R&D domain in the country.
- It seeks to catalyze innovation centred scientific and technological developments as a vehicle to attain for Indian industry a global leadership position, in selected niche areas.
- It synergizes the best competencies of publicly funded R&D institutions, academia, and private industry.
- It has so far evolved 60 largely networked projects in diversified areas viz. Agriculture & Plant Biotechnology, General Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Materials, Information and Communication Technology, and Energy.