ias-toppers-Tiger-Weigh
Current Affairs Analysis

4th & 5th June 2017 Current Affairs Analysis – IASToppers

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA); Orang National Park; Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR); What are brown dwarfs? Backyard Worlds project; 5th June: World Environment Day; Mazaalai: Mongolia's first university satellite; Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer; etc.
By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
June 05, 2017

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • CSIR faces fund crunch, asks labs to look outside

Environment & Ecology

  • Tiny Orang roars on tiger density

Defence & Security Issues

  • Women to get combat role in Army

Science & Technology

  • Citizen scientists find cold new world near solar system

Key Facts for Prelims

  • 5th June: World Environment Day
  • Mazaalai: Mongolia’s first university satellite
  • Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer first Indian to be inducted in ITTF URC
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Polity & Governance

CSIR faces fund crunch, asks labs to look outside

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research is staring at a fund crunch this year.

ias toppers Council of Scientific and Industrial Research

  • Hence, CSIR’s chief has asked the directors of all of the organisation’s 38 labs to look outside of the CSIR to meet their expenses.

What’s the issue?

  • In any given year, the CSIR— with a ₹4,000 crore annual budget — apportions out about ₹1,200-1,400 crore to its labs for research. This year only about ₹360 crore would be available.
  • Pay panel and pension payouts along with scrapping of plan panel’s block grants has crippled the scientific organisation.

About CSIR:

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), established in 1942, is an autonomous body and the largest research and development (R&D) organisation in India.

ias toppers CSIR

  • It runs 37 laboratories and 39 field stations or extension centres spread across the nation.
  • Although it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act of 1860.
  • The research and development activities of CSIR includes aerospace engineering, Structural engineering, ocean sciences, Life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.
  • CSIR is ranked at 84th among 4851 institutions worldwide and is the only Indian organization among the top 100 global institutions, according to the Scimago Institutions Ranking World Report 2014.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Environment & Ecology

Tiny Orang roars on tiger density

According to a survey, Orang tiger reserve in Assam, which has the smallest core, is host to 28 big cats, thus having the highest density nationally.

asia-india-pench-tiger-safari

  • The count was revealed during phase IV of the all-India tiger estimation programme of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA).

About Orang national park:

Orang national park is located on the northern banks of Brahmaputra in Assam and the park has 100-odd rhinos in 79.28 sq km area.

  • It is also known as the mini Kaziranga National Park (IUCN site) since the two parks have a similar landscape made up of marshes, streams and grasslands.
  • The park has a rich flora and fauna, including great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pigmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo and tigers. It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river.
  • Though known for rhinos, Orang is also a tiger habitat and has been declared tiger reserve covering an area of 492.46 sq km on February this year.
  • The park forms contiguous landscape with Kaziranga, connected through numerous sand islands on Brahmaputra.
  • Also Kaziranga’s tiger population is connected to Orang through sand islands system and forms a single largest landscape of big cat population in the state. This landscape also includes Loakhowa and Burachapori wildlife sanctuaries.

About NTCA:

ias toppers National Tiger Conservation Authority

  • In 2005, The National Tiger Conservation Authority was established in following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force, constituted by the Prime Minister of India for reorganized management of Project Tiger and the Tiger Reserves of India.
  • For this purpose, The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 was amended (Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2006) to provide for constituting of the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger Plan to protect endangered tigers.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Defence & Security Issues

Women to get combat role in Army

The Indian Army is expected to soon open up combat positions for women.

ias-toppers-Indian-Army-Women-Officers-3

  • This has been stated by Army Chief Gen. Bipin Rawat.
  • Initially, women are to be recruited for positions in military police.
  • The Indian Army has taken up this issue with the government.

Role of military police:

  • Policing the cantonments and Army establishments,
  • To prevent breach of rules and regulations by soldiers,
  • Maintain the movement of soldiers and logistics during peace and war,
  • Handling prisoners of war and Aid the civil police whenever required.

Present scenario:

  • At present, women are employed in select areas such as medical, legal, educational, signals and engineering wings of the Army but are not offered combat roles due to operational concerns and logistical issues.

Global scenario:

  • As of now, only a few countries such as Germany, Australia, Canada, the U.S., Britain, Denmark, Finland, France, Norway, Sweden and Israel have allowed women in combat roles.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Science & Technology

Citizen scientists find cold new world near solar system

A brown dwarf over 100 light years away from the Sun has been discovered using a new citizen science tool that helps astronomers pinpoint new worlds lurking in the outer reaches of our solar system.

  • These sightings were made by the Backyard Worlds volunteers.

What are brown dwarfs?

iastoppers brown dwarf

  • Brown dwarfs are objects which have a size between that of a giant planet like Jupiter and that of a small star.
  • In fact, most astronomers would classify any object with between 15 times the mass of Jupiter and 75 times the mass of Jupiter to be a brown dwarf.
  • Given that range of masses, the object would not have been able to sustain the fusion of hydrogen like a regular star; thus, many scientists have dubbed brown dwarfs as “failed stars”.

About Backyard Worlds project:

The Backyard Worlds project lets anyone with a computer and an Internet connection flip through images taken by NASA’s Wide Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) spacecraft.

ias toppers Backyard Worlds project

  • If an object is close enough to Earth, it will appear to “jump” when multiple images taken of the same spot in the sky a few years apart are compared.
  • The goal for Backyard Worlds volunteers — of which there are more than 37,000 — is to flag the moving objects they see in these digital flipbooks for further investigation by the science team.
  • So far, volunteers have classified more than 4 million flipbooks.
[Ref: The Hindu]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

5th June: World Environment Day 

ias-toppers-world-environment-day-theme

  • World Environment Day (WED) is observed every year on June 5 to raise global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet Earth.
  • 2017 Theme: Connecting People to Nature.
  • Canada is the host country of this year.
  • World Environment Day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment.
  • It is run by the United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP).
  • It was Started to create global awareness about the condition of the Environment.
  • The first World Environment Day was observed in 1973 and since then it is being held every year with different themes.

 

Mazaalai: Mongolia’s first university satellite

ias-toppers-Mazaalai

  • Mazaalai is the first university satellite of Mongolia named after the Mongolian endangered Gobi bear – Mazaalai.
  • It was sent off into space in the United States recently.
  • The satellite accompanied the “SpaceX Falcon 9” rocket. The project under which the satellite was launched is supported by UNESCO and Japan.
  • The satellite has been designed by students.
  • A satellite is advantageous for the nation in many ways such as bringing the ability to conduct independent space studies, capture the geographic picture of a country, develop more accurate maps, and better prevent natural disasters.

 

Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer first Indian to be inducted in ITTF URC

ias toppers Ganeshan-Neelakanata-Iyer

  • Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has become the first Indian to be nominated as a member of the Umpires and Referees Committee (URC) by International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF).
  • He will serve for a term of two years which is further extendable.
  • In another first Ganeshan Neelakanta Iyer has also been recommended as the Technical Commissioner from Asia to the ITTF. His will serve in this capacity for a period of four years.

 

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