Enrich Your Learning:
Key facts on Gujarat:
- Gujarat encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and GolaDhoro.
- Lothal is believed to be one of the world’s first seaports.
- Gujarat’s coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires and during the succession of Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era.
- Portugal was the first European power to arrive in Gujarat.
- After the Battle of Diu, Portugal acquired Daman and Diu as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli which were administered by Portuguese India under a single union territory for over 450 years, only to be later incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest.
- The Dutch East India Company had trade centers in
- Raniki Vavis an 11th century stepwell and has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
- With regards to architecture, Gujarat entered a golden phase with the Solanki dynasty during the 11th & 12th century.
- The rulers of this dynasty had commissioned imposing forts and palaces at Jhinjwadaand Dadbhoi, having exquisite carved gateways.
- There are located few of the best Hindu temples of the country like Rudramalaya at Sidhapur, Sun Temple at Modhera, Jain Temples at Palitana, Taranga, Girnar, Mt. Abu and Kumbhhariyaji.
- The distinctive feature noticed about this particular Solanki period is the development of water retaining structures such as the vavs(stepwells), kunds (stepped tanks) and talaos (lakes):
- They had been created for tapping the region’s limited water resources.
- Walking down the steps will lead to view the beautifully crafted stone sculptures upon the walls.
- It includes Goddess Durga and Vishnu Avatars.
- Close to the step-well is the Saharasralinga talao, which is an artificial lake that is enclosed by beautifully carved Shiva shrines.
- The walled city of Ahmedabad was founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD on the eastern bank of the Sabarmati River is now UNESCO World heritage site.
- It is associated with the complementary traditions (Sultanate period) embodied in other religious buildings and the old city’s very rich domestic wooden architecture with its distinctive:
- “havelis” (neighbourhoods),
- “pols” (gated residential main streets), and
- khadkis (inner entrances to the pols) as the main constituents.
- Gujarat is famous for its embroidery of Rabaris, geometric pattern and the rich textile likePatola and the double Ikat process.
- Important archaeological Sites of Gujarat include:
Lothal, Princely cities, towns, forts, sacred summits of Jainism, Rukmani temple of Dwarka, Mandvi Palace, Palitana, Dholavira, Dwarka Gomati ghats, temple Somnath, grandeur of Vadodra, Statue of Unity, Botanical garden, Safari park, Lakshmi Vilas Palace, Champaner.
- Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series is an effort to showcase India’s rich diversity under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat and it is continuously spreading spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat through virtual platform.