Prelims 2020

4th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Dhole; Galapagos archipelago; Agatti Island; Bharat Air Fibre service; Gujarat.
By IASToppers
August 04, 2020

 

 

In the 1600s, the Dutch, French, English and Portuguese all established bases along the western coast of Gujarat. True OR False.

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Answer: True.

Enrich Your Learning:

Key facts on Gujarat:    

  • Gujarat encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and GolaDhoro.
  • Lothal is believed to be one of the world’s first seaports.
  • Gujarat’s coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires and during the succession of Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era.  
  • Portugal was the first European power to arrive in Gujarat.
  • After the Battle of Diu, Portugal acquired Daman and Diu as well as Dadra and Nagar Haveli which were administered by Portuguese India under a single union territory for over 450 years, only to be later incorporated into the Republic of India on 19 December 1961 by military conquest.
  • The Dutch East India Company had trade centers in 
  • Raniki Vavis an 11th century stepwell and has been declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO.
  • With regards to architecture, Gujarat entered a golden phase with the Solanki dynasty during the 11th & 12th century.  
  • The rulers of this dynasty had commissioned imposing forts and palaces at Jhinjwadaand Dadbhoi, having exquisite carved gateways.
  • There are located few of the best Hindu temples of the country like Rudramalaya at Sidhapur, Sun Temple at Modhera, Jain Temples at Palitana, Taranga, Girnar, Mt. Abu and Kumbhhariyaji.  
  • The distinctive feature noticed about this particular Solanki period is the development of water retaining structures such as the vavs(stepwells), kunds (stepped tanks) and talaos (lakes):
  • They had been created for tapping the region’s limited water resources.
  • Walking down the steps will lead to view the beautifully crafted stone sculptures upon the walls.
  • It includes Goddess Durga and Vishnu Avatars.
  • Close to the step-well is the Saharasralinga talao, which is an artificial lake that is enclosed by beautifully carved Shiva shrines. 
  • The walled city of Ahmedabad was founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD on the eastern bank of the Sabarmati River is now UNESCO World heritage site.
  • It is associated with the complementary traditions (Sultanate period) embodied in other religious buildings and the old city’s very rich domestic wooden architecture with its distinctive:
  • “havelis” (neighbourhoods),
  • “pols” (gated residential main streets), and 
  • khadkis (inner entrances to the pols) as the main constituents.
  • Gujarat is famous for its embroidery of Rabaris, geometric pattern and the rich textile likePatola and the double Ikat process
  • Important archaeological Sites of Gujarat include

Lothal, Princely cities, towns, forts, sacred summits of Jainism, Rukmani temple of Dwarka, Mandvi Palace, Palitana, Dholavira, Dwarka Gomati ghats, temple Somnath, grandeur of Vadodra, Statue of Unity, Botanical garden, Safari park, Lakshmi Vilas Palace, Champaner.

Key Fact:

  • Dekho Apna Desh Webinar Series is an effort to showcase India’s rich diversity under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat and it is continuously spreading spirit of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat through virtual platform.

 

 

 

What is the aim of the BSNL’s Bharat AirFibre service?

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Answer:

Aim: to offer broadband connectivity in rural areas in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Bharat Air Fibre service:

Why in news?

  • of India has inaugurated “Bharat Air Fibre Services” at Akola in Maharashtra.

About Bharat Air Fibre service:

  • It is introduced by BSNL as part of digital India initiates by the Govt. of India.
  • It is cheapest services with support of Telecom Infrastructure Partners (TIPs). 
  • Aim: providing Wireless Connectivity in the range of 20 KMs from the BSNL Locations.
  • It is different from the company’s Bharat Fiber FTTH service that users wired technology and is targeted at urban homes. 
  • It is completely wireless and offers broadband up to 10Mbps up to a distance of 5 Kms.
  • It will give fastest internet connectivity in quick time.
  • It will benefit citizens residing in remote areas.

Key fact:

  • BSNL will provide monthly income of Rs 1 lakh to the local residents who enroll as Telecom Infrastructure Partners.

 

 

 

Name the only place in the entire chain of islands in the Lakshadweep Islands which has an airstrip.

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Answer: Agatti Island

Enrich Your Learning:

Agatti Island:

  • Agatti Island is situated on a coral atoll called Agatti atoll in Union Territory of
  • Islam is the main religion of the islanders.
  • It is a 6 km long land terrain blessed with aquatic diversity.
  • With coral growths, multi coloured fishes and sea turtles, this island is a hub for marine life.
  • Home to the archipelago’s only airstrip, Agatti Island connects Lakshadweep to rest of India.
  • Fishing is the primary occupation of island’s residents & there’s a variety of seafood on offer.
  • It is popular for deep sea fishing, scuba diving, sailing, skiing and even kayaking

 

 

Besides the tiger, __________is the only large carnivore in India that is under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s ‘endangered’ category.  a) Dhole OR b) Leopard

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Answer: Dhole

Enrich Your Learning:

Dhole:

Why in news?

  • A study found that the Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh rank high in the conservation of the endangered dhole in India.

About Dhole:

  • Dhole is an apex social carnivore in the tropical forests of South and South East Asia.
  • Dholes hunt in packs and tend to venture into forested landscapes adjoining protected areas.
  • Scientific name: Cuon alpinus.
  • Its habitat is forest, grassland, shrubland.
  • Bangladesh; Bhutan; Cambodia; China; India; Indonesia; Lao People’s Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Thailand.
  • It is Schedule II of wildlife act.
  • Living in large clans without rigid dominance hierarchies & containing multiple breeding females.
  • Dholes are susceptible to rabies, canine distemper, canine parvovirus and sarcoptic mange among others which are usually contracted from domestic village dogs that act as reservoirs. 

 

 

The Galapagos archipelago is located in which of the Ocean? a) Atlantic Ocean OR b) Pacific Ocean

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Answer: Pacific Ocean

Enrich Your Learning:

Galapagos archipelago (Islands):

  • The Galápagos Islands is a volcanic archipelago in the Pacific Ocean.
  • It is a province of Ecuador, lies about 1,000 km off its coast and is a biodiversity hotspot.
  • Known for their large number of endemic species and were studied by Charles Darwin during the second voyage of HMS Beagle.
  • Galápagos Islands and their surrounding waters form the Galápagos National Park and the Galápagos Marine Reserve.
  • The islands emerged from the bottom of the sea in the form of astonishing volcanic upheavals.
  • The archipelago consists of 19 islands and dozens of islets and rocks.

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