Prelims 2020

5th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

Indian leopard; National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC); Swadesh Darshan Scheme; United Nation’s policy brief on the pandemic’s impact on education; Aravali Range.
By IASToppers
August 05, 2020




Indian leopard is found in____________. a) Dry scrubs and grasslands OR b) Tropical rainforests OR c) Both a) & b)

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India, the leopard is found in all forest types only exception being desert and the mangroves of Sundarbans.

Enrich Your Learning:

Indian leopard:

  • Indian leopard is a leopard subspecies widely distributed on the Indian subcontinent.
  • Scientific Name: Panthera pardus fusca
  • Listed in:
  • Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and
  • Appendix I of CITES.
  • Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List
  • Threats: habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching for the illegal trade of skins and body parts, and persecution due to conflict situations.
  • A nocturnal animal, the leopard hunts by night.
  • Leopard is the smallest of the big cats, and known for its ability to adapt in a variety of habitats.

Habitat and distribution:

  • In India, the leopard is found in all forest types, from tropical rainforests to temperate deciduous and alpine coniferous forests.
  • It is also found in dry scrubs and grasslands, the only exception being desert and the mangroves of Sundarbans.
  • It shares its territory with the tiger in 17 states.
  • Its range stretches from the Indus River in the west, the Himalayas in the north, and all the way to the lower course of the Brahmaputra in the east.

Key facts:

  • As part of its global tiger census, the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) will release a report on leopard sightings by the August end.
  • 2014 Census on India’s leopards estimated the cat’s population at between 12,000 and 14,000.
  • They also estimated 8,000 leopards in the vicinity of tiger habitat.
  • Nine subspecies of the leopard have been recognized, and they are distributed across Africa and Asia.




Name the states which are spanned by the Aravalli mountain range.

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Aravalli mountain range that spans four states—Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.

Enrich Your Learning:

Aravali Range:

  • Aravalli Range is the hill system of northern India.
  • It stretches from Gujarat in the southwest to Delhi in the northeast for about 700 km.
  • It is divided into two sections:
  1. Sambhar-Sirohi ranges, taller and including Guru Peak on Mount Abu, the highest peak in the Aravalli Range
  2. Sambhar-Khetri ranges, consisting of three ridges that are discontinuous.
  • It is rich in natural resources (including minerals) and serves as a check to the growth of the western desert.
  • It gives rise to several rivers, including the Banas, Luni, Sakhi, and Sabarmati.
  • Though heavily forested in the south, it is generally bare and thinly populated, consisting of large areas of sand and stone and of masses of rose-coloured quartzite.
  • The weathered rocks of Aravalli—fissured and highly jointed quartzite, schist and phyllites, make ideal zones for the percolation of rainwater and contribute to the aquifers below.
  • It is made up of folded mountains of which rocks are formed primarily of folded crust




Children at the primary level have been effectively out of school in developed countries, are more compared to poor countries, according to the United Nation’s policy brief on the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on education. True OR False.

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Answer: False.

Correct Statement:

Children at the primary level have been effectively out of school in poor countries, are more compared to developed countries.

Enrich Your Learning:

24 million may drop out of school due to COVID-19 impact: U.N.

According to the United Nation’s policy brief on the pandemic’s impact on education,

  • Almost 24 million children are at risk of not returning to school next year due to the economic fallout of COVID-19.
  • The COVID-19 crisis is likely to increase that financing gap by up to one-third.
  • More than 6 billion learners across the world have been affected by the disruption of the education system.
  • Pandemic has also served to exacerbate existing disparities, with vulnerable populations in low-income countries taking a harder and longer hit.
  • For example, during the second quarter of 2020, 86% of children at the primary level have been effectively out of school in poor countries, compared to just 20% in highly developed countries.
  • Girls and young women are likely to be disproportionately affected as school closures make them more vulnerable to child marriage, early pregnancy and gender-based violence.
  • UNESCO estimates that 8 million additional children and youth [from pre-primary to tertiary] may drop out or not have access to school next year.



Swadesh Darshan Scheme for development of theme based tourist circuits across India is a_________. a) Central Sector Scheme OR b) Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

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Answer: Central Sector Scheme

Enrich Your Learning:

Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

Why in news?

  • Union Minister of State for Tourism inaugurates “Thenzawl Golf Resort” project implemented in Mizoram under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme.

About Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

  • Ministry of Tourism(MoT) launched the Swadesh Darshan Scheme in 2014-15.
  • It aims at development of thematic circuits in a planned and prioritized manner across India.
  • This scheme is envisioned to synergise with other Government of India schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Skill India, Make in India etc.
  • With the idea of positioning the tourism sector as a major engine for job creation, driving force for economic growth, building synergy with various sectors to enable tourism to realise its potential.
  • It is a 100 per cent centrally funded scheme.
  • It provides for leveraging voluntary funding under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives of Central Public Sector Undertakings and corporate sector.

15 theme circuits named under the scheme are:

  1. Buddhist
  2. Coastal
  3. Desert
  4. Eco
  5. Heritage
  6. Himalayan
  7. Krishna
  8. North-East
  9. Ramayana
  10. Rural
  11. Spiritual
  12. Sufi
  13. Tirthankara
  14. Tribal
  15. Wildlife



National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) is a statutory body under which Union Ministry? a) Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare OR b) Ministry of Rural Development

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Answer: Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Enrich Your Learning:

National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC):

Why in news?

  • Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare launched the Sahakar Cooptube NCDC Channel, a new initiative by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) to facilitate involvement of youth in cooperatives.

About NCDC:

  • Established by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory Corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
  • Sources of Funds of NCDC includes internal accruals, market borrowings and allocations from Government of India including International assistance.


  • Planning, promoting and financing programmes for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import of agricultural produce, food stuffs, certain other notified commodities etc.
  • NCDC will now be able to finance projects in the rural industrial cooperative sectors and for certain notified services in rural areas like water conservation, irrigation and micro irrigation, agri-insurance, agro-credit, rural sanitation, animal health, etc.
  • Loans and grants are advanced to State Governmentsfor financing primary and secondary level cooperative societies and direct to the national level and other societies having objects extending beyond one State.
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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