IASToppers-Current-Affairs-Analysis-6th-Jan-2016
Current Affairs Analysis

6th January 2016 Current Affairs Analysis

By IT's Current Affairs Analysis Team
January 06, 2016

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • Ganga Gram Yojana launched

Social Issues

  • Enhancement of representation of women in CAPFs

Environment & Ecology

  • Snowflake coral, a serious threat to biodiversity


Polity & Governance


Ganga Gram Yojana launched

 

            Ganga Gram Yojana recently launched by Union Government at Village Puth in Hapur district of U.P.

Key Facts:

  • Around 1600 villages situated along the banks of river Ganga will be developed under this scheme.
  • In the first phase of the progamme 200 villages have been selected.
  • In these villages open drains falling into river Ganga will be diverted and alternative arrangements for sewage treatment will be made.
  • The villages will have toilets in every house hold. It is proposed to incur and expenditure of Rs. One crore on every village.
  • These villages will be developed under the Sichewal model.
  • It may be noted that Sichewal is situated in Punjab, where cooperation of the villagers has been solicited for the water management and waste disposal in a meticulous way.

[Ref: PIB]


Social Issues

 

Enhancement of representation of women in CAPFs  

 

            Union Home Minister has approved the 33% posts at Constable Level for being filled up by women, with a view to enhancing representation of women in Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs).

Details:

  • The 33% reservation of Constable level posts in CRPF & CISF and
  • 14-15% posts at Constable Level in border guarding forces i.e. BSF, SSB & ITBP will start immediately to begin with.
  • This reservation would be horizontal. 

Background:

  • The Committee on Empowerment of Women in its Sixth Report of the year 2010-11 had recommended urgent need to provide due representation to women in paramilitary forces. 

[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment & Ecology

 

Snowflake coral, a serious threat to biodiversity


Recently, colonies of snowflake coral (Carijoa riisei), have been documented off the coast of Thiruvananthapuram and Kanyakumari by the scientists.

  • Scientists have warned that these invasive species of snowflake coral could pose a serious threat to the marine ecology of the region.
  • These fast growing alien species have been discovered at a depth of 10 metres off Kovalam, a beach town by the Arabian Sea in Thiruvananthapuram.

About snowflake coral:

  • The snowflake coral is known to inhabit reefs and underwater structures such as shipwrecks and piers, attaching itself to metal, concrete and even plastic.
  • It is considered an invasive species because of its capacity to dominate space and crowd out other marine organisms.
  • A native of the tropical Western Atlantic and the Caribbean, riiseiwas first reported as an invasive species from Hawaii in 1972. Since then, it has spread to Australia, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines.
  • In India, it has been reported from the Gulf of Mannar, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Gulf of Kutch and Goa.
  • With its capacity to thickly settle and occupy a variety of surfaces, riiseican destabilise the marine ecosystem.
  • Scientists fears that it will crowd out other species like corals, sponges, algae, ascidians that contribute to the rich marine biodiversity of the region.

[Ref: Hindu]

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