Answer: Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (WLPA)
Enrich Your Learning:
National Board for Wildlife:
- NBW is a statutory board constituted by the Central Government under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 (WLPA).
- It is chaired by the Prime Ministerand has 47 members including the Prime Minister.
- Its role is advisory in natureand advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.
Functions and Power:
- The primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.
- It has power to review all wildlife-related mattersand approve projects in and around National Parks and Sanctuaries.
- No alternation of boundaries in National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuariescan be done without approval of the NBWL.
- It adjudicates on industrial projects, road diversionsor the like that could encroach into Protected Areas or eco-sensitive zones of forests.
- The standing committee of NBW is chaired by the Minister of Environment Forest and Climate Change.
- The standing committee approves all the projects falling within protected wildlife areas or within 10 km of them.