Prelims 2020

8th August 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles) India; Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF); National Panchayat Awards 2020; National Landslide Susceptibility Mapping (NLSM); General landslide hazard map of India; Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG).
By IASToppers
August 08, 2020

 

 

 

Which of the act did give a statutory status to Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)? a) Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997 OR b) Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act, 2003

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act, 2003

Enrich Your Learning:

Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF):

  • USOF was established in 2002 by the Central Government to help fund projects to boost connectivity in rural areas.
  • Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act, 2003 gave statutory status to USOF.
  • It is headed by the USOF Administrator who reports to the Secretary, Department of Telecommunications (DoT).
  • The money for this fund comes through a ‘Universal Access Levy’, charged from the telecom operators on their Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) which are then deposited into the Consolidated Fund of India and require prior parliamentary approval to be dispatched.
  • The USOF works through a bidding process, where funds are given to the enterprise quoting the lowest bid.

Objective:

  • Economic:Network extension & stimulate uptake of the ICT services
  • Social:Mainstreaming the underserved & un-served areas/groups by bridging Gap
  • Political:to enable citizens exercise their political rights in an informed way and
  • Constitutional:Equitable distribution of the fruits of the telecom/digital revolution and fair allocation of national resource (pooled USO levy) via targeted subsidies

Key fact:

  • Funds for National Optic Fibre Network (NOFN) were made an exception to this process since Bharat Broadband Nigam Limited (BBNL) was the sole party involved in the implementation having been specifically created for it.

 

 

 

Comptroller and Auditor General of India can audit all corporations. True OR False.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer: False.

Correct statement:

The role of CAG in the auditing of public corporations is limited. Some corporations are totally subjected to private audit.

Enrich Your Learning:

Comptroller & Auditor General of India (CAG):

Why in news?

  • Former lieutenant governor of Jammu and Kashmir G C Murmu will be the next Comptroller & Auditor General of India.

About CAG:

  • CAG is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India.
  • The CAG which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.
  • CAG is appointed by the President with tenure of 6 years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier.

Constitutional Provisions:

Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor-General of India:

  • There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India who shall be appointed by the President and shall only be removed in like manner and on like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
  • The CAG shall make an oath before the President or some person appointed in that behalf by him, according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule.
  • The salary and other conditions of service of the CAG shall be such as may be determined by Parliament by law and shall be charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • The CAG shall not be eligible for further office either under the Government of India or under the Government of any State after he has ceased to hold his office.
  • The conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts Department and the administrative powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General shall be made by the President after consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General.

Article 149 – Duties and Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General:

  • The Comptroller and Auditor-General shall perform such duties and exercise such powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and of the States and of any other authority or body as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament.

Article 150 – Form of Accounts of the Union and of the States:

  • The accounts of the Union and of the States shall be kept in such form as the President may, on the advice of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, prescribe.

Article 151 – Audit Reports:

  • The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.
  • The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of a State shall be submitted to the Governor of the State, who shall cause them to be laid before the Legislature of the State.

Article 279 – Calculation of “net proceeds”:

  • In the foregoing provisions of “net proceeds” or of any part of any tax or duty, in or attributable to any area shall be ascertained and certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, whose certificate shall be final.
  • “Net proceeds” means in relation to any tax or duty the proceeds thereof reduced by the cost of collection, and for the purposes of those provisions the net proceeds of any tax or duty.

Sixth Schedule:

  • Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • The accounts of the District Council or, as the case may be, the Regional Council shall be kept in such form as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India may, with the approval of the President, prescribe.

 

 

 

FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles) India is the initiative of ___________. a) Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises OR b) Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer: Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises

Enrich Your Learning:

FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid) and Electric Vehicles) India:

  • As part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan (NEMMP) 2020Department of Heavy Industry formulated a Scheme– Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) in the year 2015.
  • Aim: to promote manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle technology and to ensure sustainable growth of the same.

Phase-I of Scheme:

  • The Phase-I of this Scheme was initially launched for a period of 2 years, commencing from 1st April 2015, which was subsequently extended from time to time and the last extension was allowed up to 31st March
  • The 1st Phase of FAME India Scheme was implemented through four focus areas namely:
  • Demand Creation,
  • Technology Platform,
  • Pilot Project and
  • Charging Infrastructure.
  • Market creation through demand incentives was aimed at incentivizing all vehicle segments: 2-Wheelers, 3-Wheelers Auto, Passenger 4-Wheeler vehicles, Light Commercial Vehicles & Buses.
  • The government supported more than 2.78 lakh electric and hybrid vehicles with a total fund allocation of Rs 529 crore under FAME I.

FAME II scheme:

  • The Department of Heavy Industry notified Phase-II of the FAME Scheme, with an outlay of Rs. 10,000 Crore for a period of 3 years commencing from 1st April 2019.
  • Phase-II will mainly focus on supporting the electrification of public and shared transportation and aims to support through subsidies 7,000 e-Buses, five lakh electric three-wheelers, 55,000 electric four-wheeler passenger cars and 10 lakh electric two-wheelers.
  • There will be greater emphasis on providing affordable and environment-friendly public transportation options with more focus on vehicles used for public transportor those registered for commercial purposes.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicles and those with a sizeable lithium-ion battery and electric motor will also be included in the scheme and support will be offered depending on the size of the battery.
  • The centre will invest in setting up charging stations, with the active participation of public sector units and private players.

 

 

 

Name any two regions of high vulnerability and are landslide prone with reference to General landslide hazard map of India.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Himalayas of Northwest and Northeast India and the Western Ghats are two regions of high vulnerability and are landslide prone.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Landslide Susceptibility Mapping (NLSM):

  • Geological Survey of India has launched and undertook a national programme on landslide susceptibility mapping- National Landslide Susceptibility Mapping (NLSM)
  • Aim: to cover the 0.42 million sq. km landslide prone areas of the country.
  • This national programme was launched in 2014 at the 53 Central Geological Programming Board Meeting.

Aims and Objectives:

  • To create a dynamic National Landslide Susceptibility Geodatabase for India
  • To prepare GIS – based seamless Landslide Susceptibility Maps of India on 1:50,000 scale
  • To prepare a nation-wide repository on GIS-based Landslide Inventory

General landslide hazard map of India:

  • It is prepared by the:
  • National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC),
  • Department of Science and Technology (DST),
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR),
  • Indian Institute of India (IITs) & Universities
  • Geographical Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing applications are being used through NRSC in the map.
  • NDMA guidelines are being followed for Landslide Hazard Zonation (LHZ) maps.

 

 

Under which campaign the National Panchayat Awards are given on National Panchayat Day every year?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer: Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Panchayat Awards 2020:

  • Ministry of Panchayati Raj has incentivized the best performing Panchayats recommended by the State Governments since 2011-12 under Panchayat Empowerment and Accountability Incentive Scheme (PEAIS).
  • The initiative has been continued under Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan.
  • The awards are given on the National Panchayat Day celebrated on 24th of April every year.
  • 5 categories of National Panchayat Awards:
  • Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Purasakar (Jakhora gram panchayat- Rajasthsan)
  • Child Friendly Gram Panchayat Award (Sunara gram panchayat- Rajasthan)
  • Gram Panchayat Development Plan Purasakar (Nandri gram panchayat- Rajasthan)
  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Panchayat Sashatikaran Puraskar and
  • E-Panchayat Puraskar.
  • This year due to COVID-19 pandemic only 3 categories are considered for awards.
Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
Tags

IT on Facebook

Facebook Pagelike Widget

Comments

Calendar Archive

September 2020
M T W T F S S
« Aug    
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930