Prelims 2020

8th September 2020 Daily Current Flash Cards

BIS Hallmark; Databank Portal; Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana; Behdienkhlam festival; Certification marks; ISI Mark; AGMARK; FPO Mark; The Non-Polluting Vehicle Mark; Indian Organic certification; eBkray Platform;
By IASToppers
September 08, 2020




What is eBkray Platform?

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  • It is a common e-auction platform to enable online auction of attached assets transparently for the improved realization of value by banks.

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eBkray Platform:

  • Objective: To enhance user experience through seamless access to information by search based on type and location of property put up for e-auction by banks in India.
  • It will provide navigational links to all Public Sector Banks (PSBs) e-auction sites, property search feature and will present single-window access to information on properties up for e-auction, comparison of similar properties, as well as contains videos and photographs of uploaded properties.
  • The platform will help buyer to easily navigate to bank e-auction site after a notified property is selected. It also helps user to search property using State-wise, District-wise and bank-wise details.




The ‘FPO mark’ is a certification mark mandatory on: a) processed fruit products OR b) gold and its jewellery OR c) new motor vehicles sold in India OR d) organically farmed food products?

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  • The FPO mark is a certification mark mandatory on processed fruit products.

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What is a certification mark?

  • Certification marks on a commercial product are usually called as a mark of validity or an assurance of the fact that the manufacturer has tested the product and it has ensured that it meets the given quality standard.
  • It also helps to specify the location of the origin, materials of construction, mode of production, characteristics of the good etc.
  • A certification mark certifies the nature or origin of the goods or the services to which it has been applied.

Who sets these marks?

  • A special body which is called as Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), which comes under the aegis of the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO standards), govern all the industrial standardization and the industrial product certifications in India.
  • It is thus a national standards organization of India.
  1. ISI Mark:
  • This mark is the most recognised mark for the standard industrial products in India.
  • The mark certifies that the product conforms to the Standards which are laid by the BIS, mentioned as IS: xxx on top of the product.
  • It is however mandatory for a number of products that are sold in India, especially electronic goods.
  • But in cases of other manufactured products, it is It has been effective since 1955.
  1. AGMARK:
  • This mark is issued by Directorate of Marketing and Inspection of the Government of India and applies to agricultural products.
  • The AGMARK is legally enforced in India by the Agricultural Produce (Grading and Marking) Act of 1937 (and amended in 1986).
  • The Agmark certification is employed through fully state-owned AGMARK laboratories located across the nation which act as testing and certifying centres.
  • In addition to the Central AGMARK Laboratory (CAL) in Nagpur, there are Regional AGMARK Laboratories (RALs) in 11 nodal cities (Mumbai, New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Kanpur, Kochi, Guntur, Amritsar, Jaipur, Rajkot, and Bhopal).
  • Each of the regional laboratories is equipped with and specializes in the testing of products of regional significance. Hence the product range that could be tested varies across the centres.
  1. FPO Mark:
  • The FPO mark is a certification mark mandatory on all processed fruit products sold in India such as packaged fruit beverages, fruit-jams, crushes and squashes, pickles, dehydrated fruit products, and fruit extracts, following the Food Safety and Standards Act of 2006.
  • The FPO mark guarantees that the product was manufactured in a hygienic ‘food-safe’ environment, thus ensuring that the product is fit for consumption.
  1. BIS Hallmark:
  • With India being the second biggest market for gold and its jewellery, so it is very important that the gold which is bought by the consumers must have a verified mark on them.
  • The BIS Hallmark is a hallmarking system for the sale of precious metal like gold and silver jewellery in India which certify the purity of the metal.
  • It verifies that the jewellery conforms to the standards which are set by the Bureau of Indian Standards.
  1. The Non-Polluting Vehicle Mark
  • The Non-Polluting Vehicle mark is a mandatory certification mark required on all new motor vehicles sold in India.
  • The mark certifies that the motor vehicle conforms to the relevant version of the Bharat Stage emission standards.
  • But then the validity of this mark is only valid for six months and after that, a fresh check is needed.
  1. Indian Organic certification
  • India Organic is a certification mark for organically farmed food products manufactured in India.
  • The certification mark certifies that an organic food product conforms to the National Standards for Organic Products established in 2000.
  • Those standards ensures that the product or the raw materials used in the product were grown through organic farming, without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or induced hormones.
  • The certification is issued by testing centres accredited by the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) under the National Program for Organic Production of the Government of India.




Which festival is celebrated by the non-Christian Pnars in Meghalaya for good health, property and bumper harvest in mid-July?

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  • Behdienkhlam festival is celebrated by the non-Christian Pnars in Meghalaya for good health, property and bumper harvest in mid-July

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Behdienkhlam festival

  • Behdienkhlam is celebrated at Jaintia HillsMeghalaya.
  • It is celebrated in the month of mid-July for good health, property and bumper harvest.
  • It is celebrated among the Non- ChristianPnars.
  • “Khlam” means plagueor pestilence and “beh dien” means to drive away with sticks.
  • This unique festival is held after the sowing season is over so as to overcome any destructive forces of nature including diseases by invoking the God for a good harvest.
  • The festival is celebrated around the same time “Rath Yatra”is celebrated in other parts of eastern India.
  • It is also the most important and unique dance festival of the Jaintias.
  • The ceremony and ritual were carried out for three days and on the last day, in the afternoon people gathered in a place called Aitnar (a sacred pool) and both young and old danced to the tunes of the pipes and drums.


  • The festival of Behdienkhlam begins with a ritual in which the Daloi or the chief of the tribe opens the proceedings with a ceremonial invocation to the Gods of the tribes through a series of religious rites.
  • Following this is one of the most popular rituals of the festival where young men symbolize the flight of the evil spirit by beating the roof of every house in the village with bamboo poles.
  • However, the main attraction of the Behdeinkhlam festival takes place when young men fight for the possession of a huge beam, a fight which is characterized by smearing of mud on all the participants.
  • The main feature of the festival is the making of the “dein khlam”, “symlend” and “khnong”,which are rounded, polished and tall tree trunks, felled in a reserved forest.
  • Pine trees are never used.




Who are the beneficiaries of Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana?

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  • Beneficiaries of Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana: Senior Citizens aged above 60 years, belonging to Below Poverty Line (BPL) category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity viz. Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor

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Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana

  • Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana is a ‘Scheme for providing Physical Aids and Assisted-living Devices for Senior citizens belonging to BPL category’.
  • This is a Central Sector Scheme, fully funded by the Central Government.
  • The expenditure for implementation of the scheme will be met from the “Senior Citizens’ Welfare Fund.
  • The Scheme will be implemented through the sole implementing agency – Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO), a PSU under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.


  • Senior Citizens aged above 60 years, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity Low vision, Hearing impairment, Loss of teeth and Locomotor disability will be provided with such assisted-living devices which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions, overcoming the disability/infirmity manifested.

Duration of the scheme:

  • The Scheme duration is for period of the 3 yearse. up to 2019-20.

Salient features of the scheme:

  • Free of cost distribution of the devices, commensurate with the extent of disability/infirmity that is manifested among the eligible senior citizens.
  • In case of multiple disabilities/infirmities manifested in the same person, the assistive devices will be given in respect of each disability/impairment.
  • Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation (ALIMCO) will undertake one year free maintenance of the aids & assisted living devices.
  • Beneficiaries in each district will be identified by the State Governments/UT Administrations through a Committee chaired by the Deputy Commissioner/District Collector.
  • As far as possible, 30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be women.
  • The State Government/UT Administration/District Level Committee can also utilize the data of BPL beneficiaries receiving Old Age Pension under the NSAP or any other Scheme of the State/UT for identification of senior citizens belonging to BPL category.
  • The devices will be distributed in Camp mode.




The Independent Director’s Databank was developed by which institute?

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  • The Independent Director’s Databank was developed by the Indian Institute for Corporate Affairs(IICA).

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Databank Portal

  • The Ministry of Corporate Affairs, with the objective of strengthening the institution of Independent Directors under the Companies Act, launched the Independent Director’s Databank in accordance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • The Databank portal was developed by the Indian Institute for Corporate Affairs(IICA).
  • Every individual whose name is included in the data bank have to pass (minimum 60% of marks) an online proficiency self-assessment test conducted by IICA within a period of one year from the date of inclusion of his name in the data bank, failing which, his name will be removed from the databank. This will curb promoters placing their own ineligible candidatesand family members on the listed companies’ boards.


  • Develop a databank of Independent directorsas well as the professionals aspiring to become independent directors.
  • Build capacities of Individuals by delivering eLearning courseson topics related to corporate governance, regulatory framework, financial prudence etc.
  • Provide a platform to individuals to help them acquire knowledge, develop new skills, assess their understanding,and apply best practices.
  • Create aneco-system of individuals looking for opportunities and corporate requiring to appoint independent directors.


Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020

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