AIR Summary

All India Radio: Spotlight-News Analysis – Significance of G7 Summit

Prime minister attended the G 7 summit at Biarritz, France where he discussed on climate change, biodiversity and digital transformation. On the sidelines of the meeting, he held several meetings with other world leaders of France, Chile, Senegal and U.S.
By IASToppers
August 29, 2019


  • Highlights of the G7 summit
  • Jammu and Kashmir Issue
  • Climate Change
  • Digital Transformation
  • IT’s Input
  • What is G7 forum?

Significance of G7 Summit

Highlights of the G7 summit

Jammu and Kashmir Issue:

  • On the sidelines of Indian PM and U.S. President, one of the key takeaways is that the issue of Kashmir is a bilateral issue between India and Pakistan and rejected any help of third party negotiations.
  • India has assured the US that things are under control in J&K as both the countries are mature and can handle it bilaterally.
  • The acceptance of US that J&K is a bilateral issue, to some extent, will put an end to Pakistan’s efforts to put India into the International media as well as questions regarding abrogation of Article 370 and Article 35 A in J&K
  • Pakistan has been trying to raise the J&K issue in all the international forums, wherever it can and must have thought that G7 meeting would prove a major advantage at his disposal. However, with the clear remarks of Indian PM and US president, all such perceptions of Pakistan have failed.
  • Now the pressure on India will increase as it has promised to discuss the matter with the Pakistan, by terming J&K issue as ‘bilateral’.

Moves that helped India to strengthen its position on J&K:

  1. There was a high chance of big protests and violence after abrogation of Article 370, but India tackled it maturely which strengthened its position in the eyes of the world.
  2. European institutions and governments like France is very sensitive to human rights and if there would have been any violence, France could have objected the J&K issue.
  3. The law and order are being maintained in J&K and normalcy is returned.

Climate Change

  • Indian PM highlighted India’s large scale efforts for eliminating single-use plastics, conserving water and harnessing solar energy. (India is the founder of International Solar Alliance where France is one of the major sponsors.)
  • He also addressed to the Indian Communities and said India will achieve most of the Conference of Parties (COP) 21 Climate Change goals set in the next one and half years, which is very challenging timeline for a country like India.
  • India’s efforts regarding climate change and environmental issues are being appreciated by every major country, despite of India’s huge developmental challenges. India has committed very important milestones in its national programme which shows its responsible nature towards environmental issues.
  • India has put the national agendas synchronizing with the G7 agendas where countries like France are too much concerned about these kinds of issues. He has tried to eliminate the differences in Agenda of Rich countries or growing economies like India.
  • PM has tried to highlight India’s image as ‘responsible country’ despite the large economic challenges it is facing.
  • He also talked about reducing inequalities, how to take advantage of the digital economy, artificial intelligence, India’s effort in climate change, strengthening the capacity for international terrorism etc.
  • By talking such issues, PM has put the national agendas of India in synchronization with the G7 agendas, where countries like France are too much concerned about these kinds of issues. Hence, PM has tried to eliminate the differences in Agenda of Rich countries and growing economies like India.

Digital Transformation

  • One of the agenda of G7 meeting is to how to take advantage of artificial intelligence and digital technologies. India is known for taking leadership in digital technology.
  • In the last four-five years, India has brought the programmes in which the ordinary citizens are strengthened through digital transformation and e-Governance.
  • These technological interventions are also started by some African countries. This proves that these high-end technologies are not only for G7 countries.

IT’s Input

What is G7 forum?

  • It is an international economic organization consisting of seven largest advanced economies of the world.
  • Its members are: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, UK and USA
  • The Russia was the 8th member of group till 2014 and the forum was known as G8.
  • The group, as of 2018, represents 58% of the world economy.
  • Other than member nations, other countries and international organizations like WTO, UN and International Energy Agency (IEA) are also invited to the summits.


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