The report Composite Water Management Index was launched by NITI Ayog.
Enrich Your Learning:
Jal Shakti Abhiyan
- Jal Shakti Abhiyan is a campaign for water conservation and water security.
- This scheme was launched on 1st July 2019.
- The strategy includes revival of traditional water bodies, reuse of wastewater without faecal contamination after treatment in urban areas and rainwater harvesting.
- One key plan is to spend funds from the rural job scheme MGNREGA, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana and the Integrated Watershed Management Programme for renovation of water bodies in rural areas.
- Per-capita availability has fallen from 1,816 cubic metres in 2001 to 1,544 cubic metres in 2011 in India.
- As per the Composite Water Management Index brought out by Niti Aayog, 21 major cities, including Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad, were expected to run out of groundwater by 2020.
- According to a 2013 assessment on groundwater levels, 1,034 blocks among 6,584 have been categorised as “overexploited”.
- “Overexploited” means exploitation of groundwater is more than the volume of recharge, leading to depletion.
- 253 blocks were categorised as “critical”, or where exploitation of groundwater is close to the amount of recharge.
- According to norms adopted by the Centre, safe drinking water supply in rural areas should be 40 litres per capita per day.
- In 2017, the Centre had estimated the cost of providing piped water to each of the country’s 25 crore families at Rs 6 lakh crore nearly two-thirds of households are yet to get piped water.