Answer & Enrich Your Learning:
Differences between Sultanate and Mughal styles of architecture:
- The first major difference between the two is the aesthetics of the buildings, starting from the stone used in construction.
- Delhi sultanate used the local stones, mostly from nearby Aravalli’s, the Mughals were partial to Red Sandstone, hence the Mughal forts, and buildings look more beautiful (Humayun’ s Tomb, Red Fort both in Delhi and Agra).
- The Mughal buildings also have more intricate Kalamkari work with influences from central Asia and Persia. Compared to the same the Delhi Sultanate buildings are blander.
- Mughals also built most of their buildings, (though not all) from ground up, while a lot of Delhi Sultanate buildings were used from rubble of the buildings they destroyed. Hence a lot of earlier stones being used in Qutub Complex, that clearly show the remains of earlier temples in them are seen there.
- New styles and techniques were introduced by the Turks and Afghans during the Sultanate period. These were fused with the existing Indian styles as a result the Indo-Islamic style of architecture came into being.
- Mughal buildings had arches and domes. There was no need for pillars to support the roof. In the beginning, half domes were built. Later they started making full domes. Some buildings had minarets. Most of the structures were built with red sandstone. Later they used stone and covered it with plaster. Floral and geometric designs were carved on the walls. Sometimes verses from the Quran were engraved.
- Along with red sandstone, white marble was used to construct buildings. Walls were decorated with precious and semi-precious stones. This was known as pietra-dura.
- The walls were decorated with floral motifs and verses from the Quran.