70 Days WAR Plan

Day#14 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Doppler Weather Radar; Aapoorti app; ‘Vorombe titan’; National Strategic Plan 2017-24; National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO); Section 498A of Indian Penal Code; Coradia iLint; Fixed dose drug combinations (FDCs); Glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)? India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP); etc.
By IT's Core Team
April 04, 2019




India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) was launched by which ministry?

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  • India Cooling Action Plan (ICAP) was launched by Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Enrich Your Learning:

The development of ICAP has been a multi-stakeholder inclusive process encompassing different Government Ministries/Departments/Organizations, Industry and Industry Associations, Think tanks, Academic and R&D institutions.

  • India has developed a comprehensive Cooling Action plan which has a long term vision to address the cooling requirement across sectors and lists out actions which can help reduce the cooling demand.
  • Cooling requirement is cross-sectoral and an essential part for economic growth and is required across different sectors of the economy such as residential and commercial buildings, cold-chain, refrigeration, transport and industries.

The India Cooling Action seeks to

  • reduce cooling demand across sectors by 20% to 25% by 2037-38
  • reduce refrigerant demand by 25% to 30% by 2037-38
  • Reduce cooling energy requirements by 25% to 40% by 2037-38
  • recognize “cooling and related areas” as a thrust area of research under the national S&T Programme
  • training and certification of 100,000 servicing sector technicians by 2022-23, synergizing with Skill India Mission. These actions will have significant climate benefits.

The following benefits would accrue to society over and above the environmental benefits:

  • Thermal comfort for all – provision for cooling for EWS and LIG housing
  • Sustainable cooling – low GHG emissions related to cooling
  • Doubling Farmers Income – better cold chain infrastructure – better value of products to farmers, less wastage of produce
  • Skilled workforce for better livelihoods and environmental protection
  • Make in India – domestic manufacturing of air-conditioning and related cooling equipment’s
  • Robust R&D on alternative cooling technologies – to provide the push to innovation in a cooling sector




What is glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF)?

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  • A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a release of meltwater from a moraine- or ice-dam glacial lake due to dam failure.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • GLOFs often result in catastrophic flooding downstream, with major geomorphic and socioeconomic impacts.

GLOFs have three main features:

  • They involve sudden (and sometimes cyclic) releases of water.
  • They tend to be rapid events, lasting hours to days.
  • They result in large downstream river discharges (which often increase by an order of magnitude).

Why are GLOFs important?

  • Some of the largest floods in Earth’s history have been GLOFs.
  • They have caused large-scale landscape change5, and even altered regional climate by releasing huge quantities of freshwater to the oceans.
  • Today, GLOFs pose a risk downstream communities and infrastructure.

There are two main settings in which glacial lakes form: (1) behind moraine dams, and (2) behind ice dams.

GOLF in India:

  • In the Indian Himalayan region, the first glacial lake outburst flood was reported when the 1926 flood caused by the Shyok glacier in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Hindu Kush-Himalayan region does not have any early flash flood warning system in place despite being surrounded by over 8,000 glacial lakes, around 200 of them potentially dangerous.
  • North Indian states that fall in this region include Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir, are surrounded by about 200 potentially dangerous glacial lakes formed by glacial melt and all affected by the recent extreme rainfall event.




Why are Fixed dose drug combinations (FDCs) popular among patients despite having their known side effects?

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  • Instead of buying two, or more, separate medicines, a patient can buy just one FDC medicine to treat multiple illness symptoms, which typically works out to be a cheaper option.

Enrich Your Learning:

Fixed dose drug combinations:

Fixed dose drug combinations (FDCs), are combinations of two or more active drugs in a single dosage form.

  • In September 2018 the health ministry pruned a list of banned combination medicines and added restrictions to the dosages or uses for six more types of such drugs.
  • The ministry’s decision was taken after its Drugs Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) said the ingredients of these FDCs have no therapeutic justification and they may be risky to consume.
  • Pharma companies prefer to market FDCs that are not under price control rather than single-ingredient drugs under price control.
  • Health experts have long maintained that many FDC combinations in the market neither boast any advantage over individual drugs nor are safe.
  • Apart from the fact that some of the drugs reportedly pose dangerous side-effects, unnecessary use of combination drugs makes the human body resistant to treatment.




World’s first hydrogen train was launched by which country?

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  • Germany launched world’s first hydrogen-powered passenger train – ‘Coradia iLint’ in September, 2018.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is a hydrogen train?

  • Hydrogen trains are equipped with fuel cells that produce electricity by combining hydrogen with oxygen, a process that leaves steam and water as the only emissions
  • This makes the cells a promising energy source that produces zero emissions and very little noise. Excess energy is stored in ion-lithium batteries on board the train
  • Though they remain pricey than the diesel train, hydrogen fuel cells have advantages over batteries. Instead of recharging, it can easily be refueled like a gas or diesel engine
  • And because train schedules are highly predictable, it’s easier to build refueling infrastructure
  • The locomotives are also eco-friendly

The only disadvantage is that they are more expensive than the fossil fuel-based trains, but are cheaper to run.

Features of the Coradia iLint trains:

  • The new Coradia iLint, nicknamed Hydrail, will be the first of two in a growing network of quiet, zero-emission trains operating on Germany’s railways.
  • The trains can run for around 620 miles (1,000 km) on a single tank of hydrogen, similar todiesel trains.
  • It can carry up to 300 passengers with seats for 150, boasting a top speed of 140 km/h (87 mph), and has acceleration and braking performances similar to the diesel-powered Coradia Lint 54.
  • In between runs, the Coradia iLint trains will be fuelled at a mobile hydrogen filling station.
  • Hydrogen will be pumped into the trains from a 40-foot (12 metre) high steel hydrogen gas container next to the tracks at Bremervoerde station, Germany.
  • With one tank, they can run throughout the network for the whole day.

Phasing out fossil fuel energy:

  • In 2017, Germany planned on achieving an overall 60 per cent share of renewable energy sources by 2050.
  • Costa Rica is also planning to be completely free of fossil fuels, becoming the first country to accomplish decarbonisation.




What are the primary functions of the Doppler Weather Radar?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Functions of the Doppler Weather Radar:

  • Doppler weather Radar is used for the observation of the weather system up to a range of 500 km and helps in early warning of severe weather events.
  • The DWR provides detailed information on a storm’s internal wind flow and structure.
  • The severity of the weather systems can be quantitatively estimated and more precise advanced warnings can be generated for saving human lives and property.
  • The polarimetric capability of the radar significantly improves the accuracy of rainfall estimation leading to accurate and timely flash flood warnings.
  • The Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) provides advanced information, enhances the lead-time essential for saving lives and property in the event of a natural disaster associated with severe weather.

Why it was in news?

  • In September 2018, ISRO inaugurated an S–band Polarimetry Doppler Weather Radar at Sriharikota.
  • This Radar was indigenously developed by Bharat Electronics Limited, Bangalore under Technology Transfer from ISRO.
  • This is the seventh Radar manufactured in the country under “Make in India” Concept.




Section 498A of Indian Penal Code (IPC) is related with (a) dowry harassment cases OR (b) sexual harassment at workplace?

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  • Section 498A of IPC is related with harassment of married woman for dowry.

Enrich Your Learning:

Passed by Indian Parliament in 1983, Indian Penal Code 498A, is a criminal law (not a civil law) which is defined as follows,

“Whoever, being the husband or the relative of the husband of a woman, subjects such woman to cruelty shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and shall also be liable to fine. The offence is Cognizable, non-compoundable and non-bail able.

Explanation- For the purpose of this section, cruelty means-

  • Any wilful conduct which is of such nature as is likely to drive the woman to commit suicide or to cause grave injury or danger to life, limb or health (whether mental or physical) of the woman; or
  • Harassment of the woman where such harassment is with view to coercing her or any person related to her meet any unlawful demand for any person related to her to meet such demand.
  • The section was enacted to combat the menace of dowry deaths. It was introduced in the code by the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1983 (Act 46 of 1983). By the same Act section 113-A has been added to the Indian Evidence Act to raise presumption regarding abetment of suicide by married woman. The main objective of section 498-A of I.P.C is to protect a woman who is being harassed by her husband or relatives of husband.
  • In Rajesh Sharma and Ors. v. State of Uttar Pradesh and Anr Supreme Court A bench of the Supreme Court, comprising Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra, Justice A. M. Khanwilkar and Justice D. Y. Chandrachud, partly overturned the 2017 decision of the Court.
  • The two decisions of the apex court were concerning the section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), which deals with cruelty towards a wife by her husband or his family.
  • The petitioner had alleged that the IPC provision was being misused by women to harass their husbands and their in-laws.
  • In this regard, the Court had issued directions to the District Legal Services Authorities (DLSA) to set up Family Welfare Committees (FWC).
  • The police would then be required to forward all complaints under section 498A to the FWCs to review.
  • Till the FWC has submitted its report on the complaint, the police would not be able to arrest anybody in connection with the complaint.
  • Another feature of the decision was to empower the district Judge to dispose of the cases filed under the provision where an agreement had been reached between the complainant and her in-laws.
  • The Court had also restricted impounding the passports of the accused and issuing of red corner notices.
  • However, none of these directions would be applicable in the event that tangible physical injuries or death have been inflicted.
  • With this decision, the Supreme Court has been able to strike a balance between legal protection to married women as well as the rights of the accused husband or in-laws.




Will the data of sexual offenders in the National Database on Sexual Offenders be available for general public?

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  • The NDSO data will not be available for general public but only to law enforcement agencies for effectively tracking and investigating cases of sexual offences.

Enrich Your Learning:

The National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO)

NDSP is accessible only to law enforcement agencies, will assist in effectively tracking and investigating cases of sexual offences.

  • NDSO will have names, addresses, photographs and fingerprint details of persons convicted on charges of rape, gang rape, offences related to Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, and stalking.
  • NDSO is a central database of “sexual offenders” and it will be maintained by National Crime Records Bureau for regular monitoring and tracking by the state Police.




National Strategic Plan 2017-24 is related to which disease?

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  • National Strategic Plan 2017-24 is related to HIV-AIDS.

Enrich Your Learning:

About National Strategic Plan 2017-24:

  • The National Strategic Plan 2017-24 will pave a roadmap not only for achieving the target of 90:90:90 Strategy but also strive along with partners towards fast track strategy of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030.

What is 90:90:90 Strategy?

  • It is a new HIV treatment narrative of UNAIDS programme which has set targets of 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status (90% diagnosed), 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy (90% on HIV treatment) and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression (90% suppressed).

Mission SAMPARK:

  • Mission SAMPARK was launched to trace those who are Left to Follow Up and are to be brought under Antiretroviral therapy (ART) services.
  • Mission SAMPARK will further aid to will help in fast-tracking the identification of all who were HIV positive and subsequently linking to ART programme.




 ‘Vorombe titan’ was in news. Which species is it related to?

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  • Vorombe titan is world’s largest bird. It is an extinct bird which weighed around 800 kgs and was three metres tall.

Enrich Your Learning:

As per research done by scientists at international conservation charity ZSL’s (Zoological Society of London) Institute of Zoology, Vorombe titan is conferred the title of world’s largest bird.

  • Published in Royal Society Open Science – Vorombe titan (meaning ‘big bird’ in Malagasy and Greek), has taken the title reaching weights of up to 800 kg and three metres tall, with the research also discovering unexpected diversity in these Madagascan creatures.
  • Researchers analysed hundreds of elephant bird bones from museums across the globe to uncover the world’s largest bird, while also revealing that their taxonomy is in fact spread across three genera and at least four distinct species.
  • Elephant birds (belonging to the family Aepyornithidae) are an extinct group of colossal flightless birds that roamed Madagascar during the Late Quaternary, with two genera (Aepyornis and Mullerornis) previously recognised by scientists.
  • The first species to be described, Aepyornis maximus, has often been considered to be the world’s largest bird.
  • In 1894, British scientist CW Andrews described an even larger species, Aepyornis titan, this has usually been dismissed as an unusually large specimen of A maximus.
  • ZSL’s research reveals Andrew’s ‘titan’ bird was indeed a distinct species.
  • The shape and size of its bones are so different from all other elephant birds that it has now been given the new genus name Vorombe by ZSL.



Aapoorti mobile app is associated with which ministry? (a) Ministry of Railways OR (b) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

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  • Aapoorti mobile app of Indian Railways e-procurement system (IREPS) is launched by the railway ministry.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Aapoorti app:

  • The Aapoorti mobile app is launched in a bid to provide information as well as data related to e-tendering and e-auction related activities of the national transporter.
  • To know about the e-tendering activities of Indian Railways, users of this mobile app can see details related to tenders published, tenders closed as well as purchase orders that have been placed.
  • Also, for all the activities related to e-auction of scrap sale, the users with the help of Aapoorti mobile app can see the upcoming auctions, sale conditions, auction schedules, auctioning units, details of material available for e-auction etc.
  • For users, the Aapoorti mobile app has also been provided with user manuals of Indian Railways’ e-procurement system.

About Indian Railways e-procurement system (IREPS):

This portal enables the railway company to implement e-governance in works contracts with facilities like the creation and publication of tenders online, the enabling of tenderers to view tenders, as well as to submit the requisite amount and bid offers online.

  • The portal was developed by the Indian Railways in association with the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS), an IT arm of the Ministry of Railways.
  • The portal reduces hassles related to the tendering process, cost and time savings, increases in the ease of working, efficiency, as well as competition, and the reduction of complaints related to the tendering process and easy access to information.
  • According to Railway Ministry, all the tendering activities of the national transporter for procurement of goods, services as well as works and e-auction of scrap sale are on IREPS, which makes it the largest G2B portal in India.
  • The IREPS has also been recognized as well as awarded by the Central Vigilance Commission under “Vigilance Excellence Awards-2017”.
  • According to the Railway Ministry, the system has been awarded for its outstanding contribution in the category of “IT initiatives for transparency in the organization”.
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