Under ‘Bonn Challenge’, a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.
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- It was launched in 2011 by the Government of Germany and IUCN, and later endorsed and extended by the New York Declaration on Forests at the 2014 UN Climate Summit.
- It is a practical means of realizing many existing international commitments, including the CBD Aichi Target 15, the UNFCCC REDD+ goal, and the Rio+20 land degradation neutrality goal.
- Bonn Challenge is the forest landscape restoration (FLR) approach.
Forest landscape restoration (FLR)
- Forest landscape restoration (FLR) is the ongoing process of regaining ecological functionality and enhancing human well-being across deforested or degraded forest landscapes.
- Besides only planting, FLR is restoring a whole landscape to meet present and future needs and to offer multiple benefits and land uses over time.
- FLR aims to restore ecological integrity at the same time as improving human well-being through multifunctional landscapes.