Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-16
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#16 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

NASA’s Juno Spacecraft; ‘EyeROV TUNA’; UNSC Resolution 2334; ‘Nahargarh Biological Park’ (NBP); ‘Mt Everest Friendship Exercise’; ‘Typhoon Mangkhut’; ‘Exercise Aviaindra’; ‘Boundary Working Group (BWG)’; Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit (WAYU); Mukhyamantri Kisan Aay Badhotri Solar Yojana;
By IT's Core Team
April 07, 2019

 

 

 

Mukhyamantri Kisan Aay Badhotri Solar Yojana was launched to increase the income of farmers. This scheme was launched by which Indian State/UTs government?

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Answer:

  • Delhi government has launched Mukhyamantri Kisan Aay Badhotri Solar Yojana.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • Under the scheme, any farmer can rent out not more than one-third of his land to a private firm to set up solar panels at a rate of Rs one lakh per annum per acre.
  • The panels will be set up at a height of 3.5 metres, so that the land can also be used for agriculture.
  • The Delhi Government departments will buy solar power from the companies participating in the scheme.

'Mukhyanmantri Kisan Aaye Badhotri Solar Yojna' info

Significance of the scheme:

  • The annual income of the beneficiary farmers, which is estimated at present to be between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 per acre per year, will increase to between Rs 1.30 lakh and Rs 1.5 lakh following the implementation of this scheme.
  • Besides getting additional income, the farmers will also get 1,000 units of free solar power without any investment.
  • The departments currently buy electricity at Rs 9 per unit but with the implementation of the scheme, the expense will come down to Rs 5 per unit, saving the department Rs 400 crore to Rs 500 crore annually.

 

 

 

What do you know about the Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit (WAYU)?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit (WAYU):

  • Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit (WAYU) was launched by Union Minister for Science & Technology and Earth Sciences and Environment, Forest and Climate in September 2018.
  • WAYU is developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) as a part of Technology Development Project being funded by Department of Science and Technology.
  • The device aims at tackling toxicity in air by sucking in particulate matter and release fresh air.
  • WAYU is an active air pollution mitigation technology that works on the principle of breaking down carbon monoxide.
  • The device works on two principles mainly Wind generation for dilution of air pollutants and Active Pollutants removal.
  • The device has filters for Particulate Matter removal and activated carbon (charcoal) and UV lamps for poisonous gases removal such as VOCs and Carbon Monoxide.
  • The device has one fan and filter for sucking and removing Particulate Matter.
  • There are two UV lamps and half kg of activated carbon charcoal coated with special chemical Titanium Dioxide.
  • Its prototype has capacity to purify air in area of 500-meter square. It consumes only half unit of electricity for 10 hours of running and has maintenance cost of only Rs. 1500 per month.
  • CSIR-NEERI is in the process of developing bigger version of WAYU which can purify air in area of 10,000-meter square. It will also make designs of future WAYU devices better in aesthetics and can be deployed in bus shelters etc.
  • The lead pollutant in the air is particulate matter (PM) 2.5 – are small pollutant particles that could enter the lungs and PM 10 – slightly larger, coarser particles, both were expected twice more than their safe limits.
  • The Air Quality Index (AQI) is recorded by System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR), which is run by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology with the support of India Meteorological Department.

 

 

 

The Boundary Working Group (BWG) was constituted to undertake field work related to finalising boundary between India and which country?

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Answer:

  • The Boundary Working Group (BWG) was constituted in 2018 to undertake field work related to finalising the Nepal-India boundary,

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Boundary Working Group (BWG)’:

  • The 5th meeting of Boundary Working Group (BWG) held in Kathmandu in August 2018.
  • India and Nepal in early August had agreed to set up the BWG stating that both the countries need to resolve pending Nepal-India boundary issues once and for all.
  • The meeting reviewed the outcome of the 4th meeting of BWG held in Dehradun, India in 2017 and observed that the guidelines issued by it have been properly followed.
  • The boundary mechanism will take up the works that have remained to be accomplished since the expiry, in 2007, of the mandate of the Joint Technical-level Nepal-India Boundary Committee that was established in 1981.
  • The formation of BWG will undertake the construction, restoration and repair of boundary pillars, including clearance of ‘No-man’s land’ or Dash Gaja and other technical tasks.
  • Both the sides have agreed to explore possibility of using high resolution satellite images in boundary survey work.
  • The technical-level committee had prepared 182 sheets of maps of the India-Nepal border in 2007.
  • Both countries also have agreed to continue mapping of no-man’s land encroachment and cross-border occupation. They also agreed to maintain status quo in cultivation of disputed land until an agreement is reached between two governments.
  • The main agenda of the BWG’s first meeting is to finalise its own composition and terms of reference as well as composition and terms of reference of its subsidiary mechanisms.

 

 

 

Exercise Aviaindra is an Air Force level exercise between which countries?

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Answer:

  • Exercise Aviaindra is a bi-annual exercise between India and Russia.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Exercise Aviaindra’:

  • Exercise Aviaindra is an Air Force level exercise between India and the Russian Federation.
  • First Aviaindra was conducted in 2014 and has been planned as a bi-annual exercise.
  • Exercise Aviaindra 18 is being conducted at Lipetsk, Russia from 17 Sep to 28 Sep 18 and will be conducted in Jodhpur, India from 10 Dec to 22 Dec 18.
  • The aircraft that would participate in the exercise include Su-30 SM, Mig-29, Su-25, Mi-8 and An-26.
  • The aim of the exercise is focused towards anti-terrorist operations in a bi-lateral scenario.
  • The exercise would further enhance the co-operation and understanding each other’s Concept of Operations.
  • In addition to flying exercise, there would be formal interactions, discussions, exchange of ideas and friendly sports matches to enhance bonhomie between the two Air Forces.

 

 

 

Typhoon Mangkhut was recently appeared in news. It struck which areas/countries of the world?

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Answer:

  • Typhoon Mangkhut struck the Philippines, Hong Kong and China.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Typhoon Mangkhut’:

  • Typhoon Mangkhut, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Ompong, was a powerful typhoon that struck the island of Luzon on September 15, 2018.
  • It was the strongest typhoon to strike Luzon since Typhoon Megi in 2010, and the strongest typhoon to make landfall in the Philippines since Typhoon Haiyan in November 2013.
  • Mangkhut was also the strongest typhoon to strike Hong Kong since Typhoon Ellen in 1983.
  • The twenty-second tropical storm and ninth typhoon of the 2018 Pacific typhoon season, Mangkhut made landfall in the Philippine province of Cagayan on September 15 as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon, and subsequently impacted Hong Kong and southern China.
  • Mangkhut was also the strongest tropical cyclone worldwide in 2018.
  • The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) began monitoring a tropical disturbance near the International Date Line.
  • Steady development ensued over the following days, and the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) classified the system as a tropical depression on September 7.
  • The depression soon intensified into a tropical storm, upon which it received the name Mangkhut.

Typhoon:

  • A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the North-western Pacific Basin.
  • It is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world’s annual tropical cyclones.
  • A typhoon differs from a cyclone or hurricane only on the basis of location.
  • A hurricane is a storm that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean or north-eastern Pacific Ocean, a typhoon occurs in the north-western Pacific Ocean, and a tropical cyclone occurs in the south Pacific or Indian Ocean.
  • Within the north western Pacific there are no official typhoon seasons as tropical cyclones form throughout the year.
  • Like any tropical cyclone, there are six main requirements for typhoon formation and development: sufficiently warm sea surface temperatures, atmospheric instability, high humidity in the lower to middle levels of the troposphere, enough Coriolis force to develop a low-pressure centre, a pre-existing low-level focus or disturbance, and low vertical wind shear.

 

 

 

Mt Everest Friendship Exercise is the name of military exercise between which countries?

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Answer:

  • ‘Mt Everest Friendship Exercise’ is a Nepal-China joint military exercise.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Mt Everest Friendship Exercise’:

  • It is also known as Sagarmatha Friendship-2018 commenced in China’s southwestern Sichuan province.
  • The first such exercise was held in April 2017 at Nepal Army’s Para Training School in Maharajgunj in Kathmandu (capital of Nepal).
  • The 2nd edition of this exercise took place September 2018.
  • The 12 day long joint exercise will focus on combating terror and disaster management trainings. Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mt Everest, which stands in between both the countries.
  • This joint exercise is aimed at promoting military relations and enhance interoperability between armies of Nepal and China.
  • In second edition of exercise, 12 military personnel from Nepali Army will visit China.
  • It will mainly focus on anti-terrorism activities. Besides disaster management training will also be imparted in this edition of exercise.
  • This exercise does appear unconventional as Nepal has been conducting battalion-level exercises named ‘Surya Kiran’ with the Indian Army for last 13 years, engaging some 300 personnel from both sides (It is largest exercise in terms of troop’s participation in series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries).
  • Besides, Nepal’s bilateral military engagement with China does not violate India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship (1950) which permits free movement of people and goods between the two countries and a close relationship and collaboration on matters of defence and foreign affairs.

 

 

 

‘Nahargarh Biological Park’ (NBP) is located in which Indian State?

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Answer:

  • Nahargarh Biological Park, a part of the Nahargarh sanctuary is located in Rajasthan at about 12 km from Jaipur on the Jaipur-Delhi highway.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Nahargarh Biological Park’ (NBP):

  • Nahargarh Biological Park or Nahargarh Zoological Park is one of the most recent counts to Rajasthan’s adventure tourism.
  • It encompasses a large area of 720 hectares and is situated under the Aravalli range.
  • The Park is famous for its vast flora and fauna, and its main aim is to conserve it.
  • It also doubles up as a great place to educate people and conduct research on existing flora and fauna.
  • At Nahargarh Biological Park, ornithologists can expect to see over 285 species of birds, of which, the most popular is the white-naped tit, which can only be found here.
  • When you visit the Park, make sure you also head to Ram Sagar, which is a famous among bird watchers and makes for a great spot to catch different varieties of birds.
  • While here, you can stay at well-equipped and famous places such as Ganga Vilas, Gopal Vilas and Lalit Vilas, which were famous with the maharajas of the yore as hunting lodges.
  • Elephant Safari in Nahargarh Biological Park was created to endorse eco-tourism.
  • The Nahargarh Zoological Park is also worth a visit and houses animals such as Asiatic lions, Bengal tigers, leopard, caracal, panthers, hyenas, wolves, deer, crocodiles, sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, wild boar, gharial, pangolin, fox, jackal, wild dog, civet, otter, sloth bear, ratel, langur and rhesus monkey.
  • The route of the safari allows watching different species of antelopes and deer from the bird’s eye point of view.
  • The state forest department in order to promote eco-tourism, conserve wildlife, facilitate breeding of lions, provide nature education to visitors, has planned a lion safari at the NBP.
  • During winters, hundreds of migratory water birds like coot, teals, large cormorant, pin-tail and grey-leg goose can be seen in the park whereas the surrounding forests are inhabited by the migratory Indian pitta, golden back woodpecker and other beautiful birds.
  • One of the worth mentioning resident bird of the park is the rare white-naped tit. Other birds like peacock, falcon, grey hornbill, tree-pie, black-partridge and short-eared owl are also found in this park.

 

 

 

What is the main aim of NASA’s Juno Spacecraft?

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Answer:

  • Juno’s principal goal is to understand the origin and evolution of Jupiter.

Enrich Your Learning:

NASA’s Juno Spacecraft:

  • Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet Jupiter.
  • It was built by Lockheed Martin and is operated by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • The spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on August 5, 2011, as part of the New Frontiers program.
  • Juno is the second spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, after the nuclear-powered Galileo orbiter, which orbited from 1995 to 2003.
  • It entered a polar orbit of Jupiter on July 5, 2016 to begin a scientific investigation of the planet.
  • After completing its mission, Juno will be intentionally deorbited into Jupiter’s atmosphere.
  • Juno’s mission is to measure Jupiter’s composition, gravity field, magnetic field, and polar magnetosphere.
  • It will also search for clues about how the planet formed, including whether it has a rocky core, the amount of water present within the deep atmosphere, mass distribution, and its deep winds, which can reach speeds up to 618 kilometres per hour (384 mph).
  • Unlike all earlier spacecraft sent to the outer planets, Juno is powered by solar arrays, commonly used by satellites orbiting Earth and working in the inner Solar System, whereas radioisotope thermoelectric generators are commonly used for missions to the outer Solar System and beyond.
  • For Juno, however, the three largest solar array wings ever deployed on a planetary probe play an integral role in stabilizing the spacecraft as well as generating power.

Objectives of the mission:

  • Determine how much water is in Jupiter’s atmosphere, which helps determine which planet formation theory is correct (or if new theories are needed)
  • Look deep into Jupiter’s atmosphere to measure composition, temperature, cloud motions and other properties
  • Map Jupiter’s magnetic and gravity fields, revealing the planet’s deep structure
  • Explore and study Jupiter’s magnetosphere near the planet’s poles, especially the auroras – Jupiter’s northern and southern lights – providing new insights about how the planet’s enormous magnetic force field affects its atmosphere.
  • Jupiter can also provide critical knowledge for understanding the planetary systems being discovered around other stars.
  • With its suite of science instruments, Juno will investigate the existence of a solid planetary core, map Jupiter’s intense magnetic field, measure the amount of water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere, and observe the planet’s auroras.
  • Juno will let us take a giant step forward in our understanding of how giant planets form and the role these titans played in putting together the rest of the solar system.

 

 

 

UNSC Resolution 2334 was adopted in December 2016 with which objective?

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Answer:

  • United Nations Security Council Resolution 2334 was adopted on 23 December 2016. It concerns the Israeli settlements in “Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, including East Jerusalem”.

Enrich Your Learning:

UNSC Resolution 2334:

  • Adopting resolution 2334 (2016) by 14 votes, with the United States abstaining, the UN Council reiterated its demand that Israel immediately and completely cease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem. 
  • It underlined that it would not recognize any changes to the 4 June 1967 lines, including with regard to Jerusalem, other than those agreed by the two sides through negotiations.
  • It was the first UNSC resolution to pass regarding Israel and the Palestine territories since Resolution 1860 in 2009, and the first to address the issue of Israeli settlements with such specificity since 1980.
  • Palestine’s representatives stated this was an opportunity to end the occupation and establish a Palestinian state to live side by side with the state of Israel on the 1967 line.
  • The resolution was particularly controversial in Israel.
  • The Israeli government was said to be mulling retaliation, by a number of diplomatic and financial moves, against a number of nations which had sponsored or supported the resolution.
  • The Fourth Geneva Convention already makes it illegal for nations to move populations and establish settlements in territories acquired in a war, and an overwhelming number of countries already consider the Israeli settlements to be illegal on that basis.

 

 

Recently EyeROV TUNA was in the news. What is it known for?

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Answer:

  • EyeROV TUNA is India’s first underwater robotic drone.

Enrich Your Learning:

 ‘EyeROV TUNA’:

  • EyeROV TUNA is India’s first underwater robotic drone, and the largest hardware incubator in the country.
  • Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), a laboratory of Delhi-headquartered Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), made the first order of the product.
  • It was handed over to Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL) of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • This underwater drone will be used by NPOL for research and development activities which in turn would result in commercial product for defence purposes.
  • The first commercial Remotedly Operated Vehicle (ROV)/underwater drone, named EyeROV TUNA, was developed by EyeROV Technologies, a company incubating at Kalamassery-based Maker Village, Kochi.
  • EyeROV is a light rover which can be easily accessed and controlled with the supporting attached and connected hardware such as laptops and joysticks.
  • It can send real-time video of ships and other underwater structures to help with their repair and maintenance.
  • It can also be used for inspection of ship hulls, ports, dams and nuclear power plants.
  • The remotely operated underwater vehicle, EyeROV TUNA, weighs less than 10 kilograms.
  • It is also equipped to perform variety of functions, including inspection of ship hulls, undersea cables or bridge moorings, fish farms, dams, port structure and bridge foundations and also in various underwater research operations.
  • Its commercial use will eliminate need for costlier and riskier manual inspection by divers
  • The development of the product of EyeROV was largely supported by Kerala Start Up Mission (KSUM) through various schemes.
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  • Jayansh Singh

    Boundary Working Group was constituted in 2014, and not 2018 as is mistakenly mentioned in the Flash Card. Please correct it.

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