Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-18
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#18 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Izmir International Fair 2018; Model International Centre for Transformative AI (ICTAI); National Institutes of Design (NID); 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (Model BHQOS-E); Secondary Steel sector awards; 100% Electrification of Broad Gauge Routes of Indian Railways; Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA); Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP); Integrated control room for emergency response (ICR-ER); Morocco;
By IT's Core Team
April 08, 2019

 

 

 

Which country shares border with Algeria to the east, Mauritius to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north?

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Answer:

  • Morocco is a country located in Northwest Africa, right on the edge of the African continent, bordering Algerian to the east, Mauritania to the south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.

Morocco map ias

Enrich Your Learning:

About Morocco:

  • Much of Morocco’s landscape is mountainous with slopes that gradually transition into plateaus and valleys.
  • The Atlas Mountains dominate the central part of the country, while the Rif mountains make up the northern edge.
  • The southeastern region of the country is blanketed by the Sahara Desert, the world’s third largest desert.
  • Significant sources of water of Morocco include the Moulouya River, whose source is located in the Atlas Mountains, and flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Rabat is the capital city of Morocco.
  • Morocco was the first country in North Africa to install a 3G network.
  • Morocco is the world’s largest exporter of phosphate and the third-largest producer of phosphorous.

 

 

 

What is the primary function of Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER)?

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Answer:

  • (ICR-ER) will deal with disaster and internal security related urgency.

Enrich Your Learning:

Integrated control room for emergency response (ICR-ER)

  • Indian Home ministry and Indian Space Research Organisation has signed an MoU in 2018 for setting up of a state-of-the-art Integrated Control Room for Emergency Response (ICR-ER)
  • ISRO will render its technical expertise for setting up of proposed ICR-ER whereas the project will be executed under the overall supervision of MHA.
  • The ICR-ER will cater to the requirement of disaster management as well as internal security and will address the requirement of receipt of information on near real-time basis, strategic level monitoring, situation awareness, command and control, preparedness and response in the diverse internal security situation and disaster related emergencies.
  • It will increase the operational effectiveness and will be helpful in rendering timely response and assistance during various emergency situations.

 

 

 

What is the objective of Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP)?

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Answer:

  • The project objective is to improve the quality and relevance of training at priority Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and to increase the number of labor-market-relevant workers through short-term training in Uttrakhand.

Enrich Your Learning:

Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP)

  • The project has three components — improving the quality and relevance of ITI training; increasing the number of skilled workers certified under National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQE); and policy and institutional development and project management.
  • The project has a 5-year grace period, and a maturity of 17 years.
  • The closing date for the project is June, 2023.

Why in news?

  • India has signed a financing loan agreement with the World Bank for USD 74 million for Uttarakhand Workforce Development Project (UKWDP)

 

 

 

What is RUSA? and what are the objectives of RUSA?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), launched in 2013 aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions.

The salient objectives of RUSA are to;

  • Improve the overall quality of state institutions by ensuring conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework.
  • Usher transformative reforms in the state higher education system by creating a facilitating institutional structure for planning and monitoring at the state level, promoting autonomy in State Universities and improving governance in institutions.
  • Ensure reforms in the affiliation, academic and examination systems.
  • Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and ensure capacity building at all levels of employment.
  • Create an enabling atmosphere in the higher educational institutions to devote themselves to research and innovations.
  • Expand the institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establishing new institutions, in order to achieve enrolment targets.
  • Correct regional imbalances in access to higher education by setting up institutions in unserved & underserved areas.
  • Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently abled persons.

Funding process of the RUSA:

  • The central funding (in the ratio of 60:40 for general category States, 90:10 for special category states and 100% for union territories) would be norm based and outcome dependent.
  • The funding would flow from the central ministry through the state governments/union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions.
  • The funding to states would be made on the basis of critical appraisal of State Higher Education Plans, which would describe each state’s strategy to address issues of equity, access and excellence in higher education.

 

 

 

The target of 100 % Electrification of Broad Gauge Routes of Indian Railways has to be finished by which year?

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Answer:

  • 100 % Electrification of Broad Gauge Routes of Indian Railways is likely to be completed by 2021-22.

Enrich Your Learning:

100% Electrification of Broad Gauge Routes of Indian Railways

  • In September 2018 Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved electrification of remaining unelectrified broad gauge (BG) routes of Indian Railways.
  • This electrification is likely to be completed by 2021-22.
  • The major trunk routes on IR network have already been electrified and are operational.
  • The approved electrification will reduce the use of imported fossil fuels thereby improve energy security to the Nation.
  • After the planned electrification, there would be reduction in the consumption of high speed diesel oil by about 2.83 billion liters per annum and a reduction in GHG emissions.

The benefits:

Capacity & Speed:

  • 100% electrification will provide seamless train operation by eliminating detention of trains due to change in traction from diesel to electric and vice versa.
  • It will help Railways in enhancing line capacity due to higher speed & higher haulage capacity of electric locomotives.

Safety

  • Improved signaling system will lead to enhanced safety in train operation.

Energy Security

  • In line with the new Auto Fuel Policy of the Government, total shift to electric traction will reduce fossil fuel consumption of about 2.83 billion liters per annum.
  • Reduced dependence on imported petroleum based fuels will ensure energy security to the nation.

Energy bill savings:

  • Overall savings in fuel bill to the extent of Rs. 13,510 cr per annum. Electrification of sections covered under this decision will result in net savings of Rs. 3,793 cr per annum
  • Reduced expenditure on maintenance of locomotive as electric locomotive maintenance cost is Rs. 16.45 per thousand GTKM compared to diesel locomotive maintenance cost which is Rs. 32.84 per thousand GTKM
  • Regeneration facility of electric locomotives will save 15-20% energy
  • Reduced overall requirement of electric loco due to higher horse power

Sustainability

  • Reduced carbon footprint as environmental cost per Tonne Km for Electric Traction is 1.5 Paisa and for Diesel Traction 5.1 paisa
  • In line with commitment made by India in COP21, total shift to electric traction will reduce CO2 emission of Railways by 24% till 2027-28
  • Greenhouse gas emission for electric traction will fall below diesel traction by 2019-20 making it environmentally friendly option.

Employment Generation

  • Direct employment during construction phase for about 20.4 crore Man days.

 

 

 

Secondary steel sector contributes to more than half of the total steel production in India. True OR False?

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Answer:

  • Steel contributes to over 2% to India’s GDP and creates a virtuous cycle of employment generation throughout the economy. While secondary steel sector contributes to more than half of the total steel production in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Secondary Steel sector awards

  • Secondary Steel sector awards were given by the ministry of Steel for the first time in 2018 to 26 mini steel companies in recognition of their contribution to the national economy.
  • Twelve companies were awarded Gold Certificates and 14 Silver Certificates for their performance during 2016-17.
  • The secondary steel sector is a critical and important segment of the market spanning from construction, machine tools, cold rolled products, pipes, stainless steel, galvanized and color coated steel as well as exports.
  • Steel is one of the core sectors of the Indian economy and India is the 3rd largest steel producer in the world.

Key fact:

  • The Prime Minister’s Trophy / Steel Minister’s Trophy are given to large integrated steel plants having achieved crude steel production of 1 million tonnes per annum.
  • The Secondary Steel Sector Award Scheme covers all the composite mini steel plants and the stand alone steel production / processing units having crude / finished steel production of less than 1 million tonnes per annum.

 

 

 

205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (Model BHQOS-E) was launched in India by which public sector company?

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Answer:

  • 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (Model BHQOS-E) was launched by defense public sector company Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) Ltd.

Enrich Your Learning:

205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (Model BHQOS-E).

  • BH205E is an electric drive rear dump truck for large scale mining operations.
  • Indigenously designed and developed BHZOSE Dump Truck is powered by Tier II emission compliant Modular Common Rail Electronic Engine with 2300 HP.
  • The AC drive system has been engineered to provide exceptional haul road performance with reduced maintenance.
  • The Dump Truck is environmental friendly in relation to mechanical drive due to its superior efficiency.
  • It is launched by defense public sector company Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) Ltd.

About Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML)

  • Bharat Earth Movers Limited is an Indian Public Sector Undertaking, with headquarters in Bengaluru.
  • It manufactures a variety of heavy equipment, such as that used for earth moving, transport and mining.
  • It was wholly owned and operated by India’s Ministry of Defense until 1992, when the government divested 25% of its holdings in the company.
  • BEML is Asia’s second-largest manufacturer of earth moving equipment, and it controls 70% of India’s market in that sector.

 

 

 

The National Institute of Design (NID) functions as an autonomous body under which Ministry of India?

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Answer:

  • The National institute of Design (NID) functions as an autonomous body under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Institutes of Design (NID)

The National Institute of Design (NID) is a design school in Ahmedabad, India.

  • NID is recognized by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research under Ministry of Science and Technology, government of India, as a scientific and industrial design research Organisation.
  • NID is accorded as “Institute of National Importance” by Act of Parliament, under the National Institute of Design Act, 2014.

History of NID:

  • On the basis of their document, ‘The India Report’, the government of India set up the National Institute of Design in 1961 as an autonomous national institution for research, service and training in industrial design and visual communication.

The National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2018:

  • The National Institute of Design (Amendment) Bill, 2018 was introduced in Lok Sabha, by Minister of Commerce and Industry on December 18, 2018.
  • The Bill seeks to amend the National Institute of Design Act, 2014, which declares the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad as an institution of national importance.
  • The Bill seeks to declare four National Institutes of Design in Amaravati, Bhopal, Jorhat, and Kurukshetra as institutions of national importance.
  • Currently, these institutes are registered as Societies under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 and do not have the power to grant degrees or diplomas.

 

 

 

Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI) is being set up by NITI Aayog in collaboration with which firm or institutes?

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Answer:

  • NITI Aayog, Intel, and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have collaborated to set up a Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI).

Enrich Your Learning:

Model International Centre for Transformative AI (ICTAI)

In 2018 NITI Aayog, Intel, and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) collaborated to set up a Model International Center for Transformative Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI) towards developing and deploying AI-led application-based research projects.

  • This initiative is part of NITI Aayog’s ‘National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence’ Discussion Paper that focuses on establishing ICTAI in the country through private sector collaboration.
  • The Model ICTAI aims to conduct advanced research to incubate AI-led solutions in three important areas – healthcare, agriculture and smart mobility – by bringing together the expertise of Intel and TIFR.
  • It aims to experiment, discover and establish best practices in the domains of ICTAI governance, fundamental research, physical infrastructure, compute and service infrastructure needs, and talent acquisition.
  • The intent is to develop standards and support policy development related to information technology such as data-storage, information security, privacy, and ethics for data capture and use.
  • The learning and best practices developed through this model ICTAI will be used by NITI Aayog to set up the future ICTAIs across country.

 

 

Izmir International Fair is organized every year by which country?

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Answer:

  • Izmir International Fair is organized by Turkey.

Enrich Your Learning:

Izmir International Fair 2018

Izmir International Fair, the first and the most comprehensive commercial fair of Turkey organized 87 years ago despite war, famine and crises.

  • The 87th Izmir International tradeshow was held in Izmir – the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara.
  • India is the Partner Country in the 87th Izmir International tradeshow.
  • In this tradeshow, India launched a mega business pavilion ‘Source India’ hosting 75 Indian companies with the aim of tie-ups in order to increase India’s exports to Turkey and other neighboring countries.
  • This is part of a series of Source India pavilions that the Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI) is hosting in important tradeshows across the world for boosting India’s exports.

About Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI)

  • TPCI is an apex trade and investment promotion organization notified in the Foreign Trade Policy.
  • TPCI is the trade and investment promotion organization of the Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce &Industry, Government of India, and works to open new areas for co-operation in trade and investment between India and rest of the world.

TCPI mission:

  • To accelerate India’s global trade through advanced research and trade promotion.

TCPI Functions:

  • Advanced Trade Research: – Supporting India’s trade policy and economic diplomacy through research.
  • Trade Promotion: – Exploring international trade opportunities in untapped markets and promoting new exporters.
  • Trade Facilitation: – Identifying bottlenecks and bridging the gap between industry and authority by continuous interaction.
  • Investment Promotion: – Exploring scope and facilitating investment in potential business and sectors.
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  • Jayansh Singh

    Please correct the heading of the Flash Card on Morocco. It incorrectly says Mauritius to the south instead of Mauritania. Thanks.

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