Creation of a new category of languages as classical languages based on four norms:
- High antiquity of its early texts/recorded history over a period of 1500-2000 years;
- A body of ancient literature/texts, which is considered a valuable heritage by generations of speakers;
- The literary tradition should be original and not borrowed from another speech community;
- The classical language and literature being distinct from the modern, there may also be discontinuity between the classical language and its later forms or offshoots.
Enrich Your Learning:
Classical Languages in India:
Till date the status of a “Classical Language in India” has been accorded to following six languages:
- Tamil (in 2004),
- Sanskrit (2005),
- Kannada (2008),
- Telugu (2008),
- Malayalam (2013), and
- Odia (2014).
- Article 343 gave Hindi the status of official language of the Union.
- For Sanskrit, there is a special status mentioned in article 351, whereby Sanskrit was given a position of the primary source language for many languages including Hindi.