Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-2
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#2 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Socotra Island; Formalin; TOP Scheme; Nilgiri tahr; Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Model; Katas Raj Temple; Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy; BrahMos Missile; Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP); Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP); etc.
By IT's Core Team
March 24, 2019

 

 

 

Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) is the minimum price paid to the farmers for producing which crop?

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Answer:

Sugarcane.

  • The FRP is the minimum price that sugar mills have to pay to sugarcane farmers.

Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP)

  • The FRP is the minimum price that sugar mills have to pay to sugarcane farmers.
  • It is supposed to signal to farmers the need to plant more or less cane for the coming year.
  • The FRP is determined on basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) and after consultation with State Governments and other stake-holders.
  • The final FRP is arrived by taking into account various factors such as cost of production, domestic and international prices, overall demand-supply situation, inter-crop price parity, terms of trade prices of primary by-products and its impact on general price level and resource use efficiency.

 

 

 

Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP) was in news. What do you know about it?

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Answer:

Recently, the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Madras has commissioned remotely operable Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP) microscope.

  • It is claimed to be world’s first remotely operable LEAP microscope, as it can be remotely operated through special terminal by researchers divided geographically.
  • LEAP is high-performance microscope that can provide a precise atom-by-atom view of materials.
  • It provides atomic-scale insights into metallic, which will influence wide spectrum of industries ranging from steel to automobiles and energy to transportation sector.
  • It will also give major thrust to research in nanotechnology, among other fields.
  • LEAP microscope allows the user to extract atoms from materials sequentially and are detected using a Time of Flight Mass spectrometer.
  • This facility will be able to provide atomic-scale insights into metallic materials thereby impacting a wide spectrum of industries ranging from steel to automobiles and energy to transportation sector.

Developed by:

  • The remotely operable LEAP microscope has been developed in a collaborative exercise involving eight top research institutions in country, spearheaded by IIT-M.
  • Other partner institutions are IITs of Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Ropar, International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI) and Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS).

 

 

 

BrahMos Missile is the first supersonic cruise missile system of India jointly developed by India and which country?

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Answer:

Key features of BrahMos Missile:

  • BrahMos Missile is the first supersonic cruise missile system known to be in service, developed as part of a joint venture between India and Russia.
  • The missile derives its name from the names of two rivers, namely the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.
  • The missile is capable of carrying a conventional as well as nuclear warhead of 300 kilograms.
  • The BrahMos is a multi-stage missile having a solid propellant in the first stage and the ramjet liquid propellant in the second stage.
  • It can be launched from land, sea, sub-seas and air.
  • It operates on ‘Fire and Forget Principle’ by adopting varieties of flights on its way to the target.
  • It approaches the enemy target with a top speed of Mach 2.8, which is about three times faster than the US subsonic Tomahawk Cruise Missile System.
  • The missile has been developed by the BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited.
  • It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • While the navy and army versions of the missile were inducted in 2005 and 2007 respectively, the air version is still in the testing stage.

 

 

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy is awarded to top performing university in which field?

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Answer:

  • Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophyis awarded by the President of India each year to a University which has all round best performance in sports at Inter-University, National and International competitions.
  • It was instituted in 1956- 57 as a running trophy by the Ministry of Education, Govt. of India.

Revised selection procedure:

  • Recently, the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports has approved the revised guidelines for MAKA Trophy.
  • The aim of this move is to rationalize and simplify the selection of top performing university in sports for award of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) Trophy.
  • Under the revised guidelines, the applications from the universities, which were hitherto used to be invited and scrutinized by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU), will now be invited and scrutinised by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports/Sports Authority of India.

 

 

 

Katas Raj Temple was recently appeared in news. It is located in which country? Pakistan OR Bangladesh OR Nepal?

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Answer:

  • The Katas Raj Temple complex is located in the Potohar Plateau region near the town of KallarKahar of Pakistan’s Punjab province.

Enrich Your Learning:

Katas Raj Temple:

  • Katas Raj Temple is also known as Qila Katas.
  • They are several Hindu temples connected to one another by walkways.
  • The temples form a complex surrounding a pond named Katas which is regarded as sacred by Hindus.
  • The temples’ pond is said in the Puranas to have been created from the teardrops of Shiva, after he wandered the Earth inconsolable after the death of his wife Sati.
  • The temples are traditionally believed to have been the site where the Pandava brothers spent a significant portion of their exile.
  • In 2006, the Pakistani government began restoration works at the temples, with further improvements announced in 2017.

 

 

 

What is Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Model?

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Answer:

  • EPC is a model of contract between the government and private sector players for public infrastructure building.
  • The EPC entails the contractor build the project by designing, installing and procuring necessary labour and land to construct the infrastructure, either directly or by subcontracting.
  • Under Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) Model, the entire project is funded by the government.
  • Under EPC model the contractor is legally responsible to complete the project under some fixed predetermined timeline and may also involve scope for penalty in case of time overrun.
  • In EPC as all the clearances, land acquisition and regulatory norms have to be completed by the government itself and the private players do not have to get itself involved in these time taking procedures.

 

 

 

What is the current IUCN conservation status of Nilgiri tahr?

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Answer:

  • As per IUCN Red data list, Nilgiri tahr is listed as Endangered.

About Nilgiri tahr:

  • The Nilgiri tahr is an ungulate (animal with hooves).
  • It is endemic to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats in the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in Southern India.
  • The Nilgiri tahr is the state animal of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Nilgiri tahr is fully protected (Schedule I) by the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, although this protection is rarely enforced, and illegal hunting is a major threat.
  • Currently, the only populations with more than 300 individuals are in Eravikulam National Park and in the Grass Hills in Anamalai.
  • The creation of Eravikulam and Silent Valley National Parks, Mukurti, Anamalai, and Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuaries, and Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel Sanctuary and the Kalakadu-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, together offer an important degree of protection to the Nilgiri Tahr.

 

 

 

TOP Scheme is associated with which field?

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Answer:

  • Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (Department of Sports) have formulated ‘NSDF Target Olympic Podium (TOP) Scheme’ in the National Sports Development Fund (NSDF) with the objective of identifying and supporting potential medal prospects for 2016 and 2020 Olympic Games. 
  • Focused disciplines will be Athletics, Archery, Badminton, Boxing, Wrestling and Shooting.
  • Under the scheme, the selected athletes will be provided financial assistance for their customized training at Institutes having world class facilities and other necessary support.
  • Sports Authority of India (SAI) and federations, which are members of Mission Olympic Cell (MOC), will be nodal agencies for disbursal for fund.
  • Benchmark for selection of athletes under the scheme will be in relation to international standards.
  • There will be annual/semi-annual review of performance of selected athletes.

 

 

 

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has recently found formalin in fish. What is formalin?

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Answer:

Formalin is a cancer-inducing toxic chemical, colourless solution that is derived by dissolving formaldehyde gas in water.

  • Formalin causes irritation in the eyes, throat, skin and stomach. In the long run continued exposure causes harm to the kidneys, liver and can even cause cancers.
  • There are several risks associated with ingesting formalin – having even 30 ml of a solution, which contains as little as 37% formalin, can kill a fully-grown adult. Once ingested, formalin releases toxins into the body, and the sustained ingestion of formalin can eventually lead to cancer.
  • Formaldehyde is a highly reactive, flammable gas, which means it can become a fire hazard when exposed to flame or heat.
  • Formaldehyde solutions can be flammable when there are high concentrations of formaldehyde or methanol.

Why in news?

  • Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) officials have been undertaking tests at fish markets and harbours across the Tamil Nadu State to test for formalin.
  • In Chennai, fish samples test positive for formalin. This is the first time that samples of fish in Tamil Nadu have tested positive for formalin.

 

 

Socotra Island is located in which sea? Red Sea OR Arabian Sea?

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Answer:

Arabian Sea

  • Socotra Island is located between the Guardafui Channeland the Arabian Sea.

socorta island

Enrich Your Learning:

About Socotra Island:

  • Socotra Island lies some 240 kilometres (150 mi) east off the coast of Cape Guardafui and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.
  • The island of Socotra is part of an archipelago in the Indian Ocean.
  • It is so isolated that a third of its plant life is found nowhere else on the planet.
  • The territory is located near major shipping routes and is officially part of Yemen, and had long been a subdivision of the Aden Governorate.
  • There is a dispute between Yemen and Somalia’s government over the island’s sovereignty.
  • Socotra Archipelago, in the northwest Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, is 250 km long and comprises four islands and two rocky islets which appear as a prolongation of the Horn of Africa.
  • The island was recognised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as a world natural heritage site in July 2008.
  • The European Union has supported such a move, calling on both UNESCO and International Organisation of Protecting Environment to classify the island archipelago among the environmental heritages.
  • Indians have been residing in the Socotra archipelago since ancient times and the name Socotra is itself derived from Dvipa Sukhadhara in India’s Sanskrit.
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