Flash Cards

Day#25 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft; ‘Tardigrades’; MV Rabindranath Tagore; National Waterway 1; 'The World Population Prospects 2019'; Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP); International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number; Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR);
By IASToppers
August 22, 2019

 

 

In terms of International Mobile Equipment Identity, does swapping a Security Information Management (SIM) card prevent phone banning?

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Answer:

  • Swapping a Security Information Management (SIM) card cannot prevent phone banning because the IMEI number is stored inside the phone not the SIM card.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘IMEI number’

  • International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number, is used to identify a device.
  • It is a 15- or 17-digit code that uniquely identifies mobile phone sets.
  • IMEI is an all-inclusive piece of code that has a lot of information including the country of manufacturing, manufacturer, and model number.
  • The IMEI number does not have a permanent subscriber relationship.

Why is it in news?

  • The Telecom Ministry is set to implement Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR) which will comprise the database of IMEIs.

About Central Equipment Identity Register (CEIR)

  • This will enable telecom consumers, who have lost their phones, would be able to inform the Department of Telecom (DoT) through a helpline number after filing a police report.
  • DoT will blacklist that particular IMEI number of the lost or stolen device by blocking that mobile device from accessing any cellular network in the future.
  • Apart from this, CEIR will focus on facilitating ‘IMEI-based lawful interception’.

 

 

Is India a contracting member of the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP)?

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Answers: Yes

  • India is a contracting member of Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP).

Enrich Your Learning:

Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP)

  • The Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) is a government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.
  • The ReCAAP Agreement was launched in November 2006 with14 Asian Contracting Parties including North, Southeast, and South Asian countries.
  • It has 20 Contracting Parties today, including Europe (Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, and the United Kingdom), Australia, and the United States.
  • India played an active role in the setting up and functioning of ReCAAPISC along with Japan and Singapore.
  • 12th Capacity Building workshop with Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) Information Sharing Centre (ISC) was co-hosted by Indian Coast Guard (ICG) in June 2019.
  • Union Government has designated ICG as the focal point within India for ReCAAP.
  • Information sharing, capacity building and mutual legal assistance are the three pillars of co-operation under the ReCAAP agreement.

Vision

  • To be the information hub for combating piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.

Mission

  • To enhance regional cooperation through information sharing, capacity building and cooperative arrangements in combating piracy and armed robbery against ships.

 

 

India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by which year?

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Answer:

  • India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country around 2027.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘The World Population Prospects 2019’

  • The World Population Prospects 2019 is published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  • It presents the main results of the 26th round of the UN’s global population estimates and projections.

Highlights of the report:

  • The world’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years it will increase from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.
  • More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just nine countries.
  • The nine nations with highest concentration of population are led by India and followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the US.
  • The population of sub-Saharan Africa is projected to double by 2050 (99% increase).
  • The report highlighted that “disparate population growth rates” among the world’s largest countries will re-order their ranking by size.
  • In 2019, around 40 per cent of the world’s population lives in intermediate-fertility countries, and women have on average between 2.1 and four births over a lifetime.
  • As per the report the world’s population is growing older due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels.
  • By 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65 (16 per cent), up from one in 11 in 2019 (9 per cent).
  • The number of persons aged 80 years or over is projected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426 million in 2050.
  • Global fertility rate is projected to decline to 2.2 births per woman in 2050, previously it fell from 3.2 births per woman in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019.
  • A fertility level of 2.1 births per woman is needed to ensure replacement of generations and avoid population decline over the long run in the absence of immigration.
  • In China, the population is projected to decrease by 31.4 million, or around 2.2 per cent, between 2019 and 2050.
  • Life expectancy at birth for the world, is expected to increase to 77.1 years in 2050 it increased from 64.2 years in 1990 to 72.6 years in 2019.
  • As per the report migration has become a major component of population change in some countries.
  • The potential support ratio, which compares numbers of persons at working ages to those over age 65, is falling around the world it is lowest in Japan.

 

 

Recently Prime Minister of India has received first vessel in Varanasi port at Inland Waterway 1. What is the name of that vessel and which company’s vessel was that?

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Answer:

  • MV Rabindranath Tagore which is an IWAI vessel received in Varanasi port was the first container movement on an inland waterway in India. The vessel was of PEPSICO which became the first company to use inland waterways for container movement.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Waterway 1

  • National Waterway-1 is an inland water transport route of 1620 km between Haldia in West Bengal to Prayagraj in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The National Waterway-1 is aided with differential global positioning system (DGPS), river information system (RIS), river training and conservancy works.
  • Haldia-Varanasi stretch of the National Waterway-1 has been developed with technical assistance and investment support from the World Bank. The stretch was developed for navigation of large vessels weighing up to 1,500 to 2,000 tonnes.
  • The cost of the project was shared between the Indian government and the World Bank on 50:50 bases.

About the project:

  • The project involves construction of three multi-modal terminals – at Varanasi, Sahibganj and Haldia.
  • Two inter-modal terminals and five roll-on-roll-off or Ro-Ro terminal pairs.
  • It also has a new navigation lock at Farakka, assured depth dredging, integrated vessel repair and maintenance facility.
  • Also Varanasi inland port on Ganga river was developed as part of the Centre’s Jal Marg Vikas Project.
  • The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the project implementing agency.

National Waterway 1

 

 

Which microscopic creature was sent to the moon on Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft?

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Answer:

‘Tardigrades’ were sent to the moon on Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft as a part of “lunar library”.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Tardigrades’

  • Tardigrades are the microscopic creatures, also called water bears or moss piglet.
  • They are considered to be close relatives of arthropods. They are mostly about 1 mm or less in size.
  • The animals have no known specialized organs of circulation or respiration; its body cavity (hemocoel) is filled with fluid that transports blood and oxygen. They have four pairs of stubby legs and a front-end.
  • The most remarkable feature of the tardigrades is their ability to withstand extremely low temperatures and desiccation (extreme drying) including the frigid vacuum of space.
  • Under unfavourable conditions, they go into a state of suspended animation called the “tun” state—in which the body dries out and appears as a lifeless ball (or tun).
  • They can survive as tuns for years, or even decades, to wait out dry conditions.

Key Facts about tardigrades:

  • The tardigrades were part of a “lunar library” sent to the moon on Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft.
  • That library was a project of the Arch Mission Foundation; a non-profit organization whose goal is to create “a backup of planet Earth.”
  • Beresheet attempted its landing in the Sea of Serenity on April 11, 2019, but crashed there.
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