- Composite Water Management Index (CWMI) is prepared by NITI Aayog.
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NITI Aayog’s Composite Water Management Index report(CWMI):
CWMI has been developed by NITI Aayog comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of ground water, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance.
- For the purpose of analysis, the reporting states were divided into two special groups – ‘North Eastern and Himalayan states’ and ‘Other States’, to account for the different hydrological conditions across these groups.
- The CWMI is an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ Union Territories in efficient management of water resources.
- It is done through a first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Water Resources, Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation and all the States/ Union Territories.
- The index provides useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources.
- A web portal on the subject has also been launched.
Composite Water Management Index 2018:
- The report released in 2018 ranks Gujarat as number one in composite water management in the country followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
- In North Eastern and Himalayan States, Tripura has been adjudged number 1 in 2016-17 followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.
- In terms of incremental change in index (over 2015-16 level), Rajasthan holds number one position in general States and Tripura ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.
- Currently, 600 million Indians face high to extreme water stress and about two lakh people die every year due to inadequate access to safe water.
- It is estimated the crisis is going to get worse by 2030 when India’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply.