CA-FC-Day-27-2019
Flash Cards

Day#27 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Torres Strait; India’s Draft National Logistics Policy; Non-NATO Ally of the United States; ‘Abujh Marias’; The Tagai; Provincial capital of Hormozgan;
By IASToppers
August 24, 2019

 

 

What is the name of the provincial capital of Hormozgan?

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Answer:

  • The provincial capital of Hormozgan Province is Bandar Abbas.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Hormozgan’

  • Hormozgan Province is in Iran’s Region 2 facing Oman and UAE.
  • The province has fourteen islands in the Persian Gulf and 1,000 km coastline.
  • The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros Range.
  • It has 11 ports, five national airports, and three international airports.

13 major cities of the province:

  • Bandar Abbas, Bandar Lengeh, Hajiabbad, Minab, Qeshm, Sardasht, Sirik, Jask, Bastak, Bandar Khamir, Parsian, Rudan, and Abumusa.

13 major cities of the province

13 major cities of the province 1

 

 

Who are known as Torres Strait Islanders?

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Answer:

  • Torres Strait Islanders are the Indigenous Australians who come from the islands of the Torres Strait, between Cape York in Queensland and Papua New Guinea.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Torres Strait’

  • The Torres Strait is divided into five major island clusters.
  • The Torres Strait is the body of water between Australia and Papua New Guinea where the Pacific and Indian Oceans meet.
  • There are 133 islands, sandy cays and rocky outcrops of which 38 are inhabited.
  • The dialects of Torres Strait are Kala Kawa Ya, Kala Lagau Ya and Meriam.
  • It also includes the five aboriginal and islander communities (Bamaga, Seisia, Injinoo, Umagico and New Mapoon), on the Northern Peninsula Area of Cape York.

Five major island clusters are:

  • The Top Western Group (Boigu, Dauan and Saibai)
  • The Near Western Group (Badu, Mabuiag and Moa)
  • The Central Group (Yam, Warraber, Coconut and Masig)
  • The Eastern Group (Murray, Darnley and Stephen)
  • TI Group (Thursday, Horn, Hammond, Prince of Wales and Friday).

Significance of Torres Strait

  • It is the only part of Australia with an active international border.

The Tagai

  • Torres Strait Islanders are united by their connection to the Tagai, it reflects the stars and describe the Torres Strait Islanders as sea people.
  • The Tagai is the spiritual belief system that connects people to the order of the world, stating that everything has its place.

Key Facts:

  • The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia are the oldest continuous civilisation on earth.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are not one homogenous group they are a diverse group of hundreds of nations (or cultural groups) and clans within those nations.
  • Torres Strait Islanders are of Melanesian origin and have differing identities, histories and cultural traditions to Aboriginal Australians.

The Tagai

 

 

Abujhmarh forest is located in which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • Abujhmarh forest is located in Chhattisgarh.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Abujh Marias’

  • Abujh Marias is a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG).
  • The endogamous Abujh Maria Gond believe in the Supreme God and in all the exogamous divisions whom they worship in addition to the presiding deity of the lower order.
  • According to 1981 census Abujh Marh covers an area of about 3900 kms and with 19250 inhabitants distributed in 236 villages.
  • Some of the Parganas inhabited by the Abujh Marias are Padalibhum, Tapalibhum, Nurbhum Mangnar, Behrarnar, Hukkagotal,Bardal, Farsal and Chota Dongar etc.
  • A number of pen or the deities of the kattas (clan like social grouping) are distributed in different Parganas of the Abujh Marh.
  • Abujhmarh, where this tribe lives, is considered by the government to be one of the last remaining strongholds of Left-wing extremism.
  • The Abujhmarh forest is spread over 1,500 square miles in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.

Why is it in news?

  • The Chhattisgarh government is processing habitat rights for Abujh Marias, it will give these tribal their dues as laid down by the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.

Key Facts:

  • Habitat is defined under the FRA act as, “the area comprising the customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.”

 

 

Is India a major Non-NATO Ally of the United States?

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Answer:

  • No, India isn’t a major ‘Non-NATO Ally’ of the United States yet.

Enrich Your Learning:

NATO

  • NATO is an Alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries.
  • NATO is an acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • NATO’s mission is to protect the freedom of its members. Its targets include weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, and cyber-attacks.

Why is it in news?

  • US senators have moved an amendment to change the US Armed Controls Export Act to bring India on a par with NATO allies, Israel, Australia, New Zealand and Korea for purposes of selling military items under the ITAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations) list.
  • India and US have also signed the COMCASA (Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement) and are in detailed discussions over BECA (Basic Exchange Cooperation Agreement).
  • Such a change could have made India a key strategic ally of the United States.

Key Facts:

  • The U.S has already under the COMCASA, already set up a secure link between the Indian Navy headquarters and the US Pacific Command to share real-time information.
  • In 2016, India was designated as a “Major Defense Partner” of the United States in that year’s annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).

Non-NATO

NATO members

Non-NATO 1

 

 

What target is set for logistics costs in India’s Draft National Logistics Policy?

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Answer:

The target is set to bring down logistics costs from 13-14% of GDP to 10% “in line with best-in-class global standards.”

Enrich Your Learning:

Key features of Draft National Logistics Policy

  • To bring the current multimodal mix on par with international benchmarks, where 25-30% share of road, 50-55% share of railways, 20-25% share of waterways.
  • In current multimodal mix, road has a share of 60%, while railways account for 31% and waterways 9%.
  • For the air cargo sector, aviation turbine fuel (ATF) is the single largest component of direct operating cost with a share of 40%.
  • Excise duty and value-added tax, charged by central and State governments on ATF, add another 30-35% to the cost.
  • The GST regime disallows input credit on ATF, increasing the tax burden on express cargo airlines further.
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