Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-Revision-Day-27
70 Days WAR Plan

70 Days WAR Plan Static Flash Cards Day#27[Revision]

Torrid Zone; Temperate Zones; Frigid Zones; Allahabad Pillar Inscription; Chandragupta Maurya; High tide; Spring tides; Neap tides; ‘Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC)’; Macronutrients and Micronutrients; Tenure of Lord Lytton; Tenure of Lord William Bentinck; Basel Committee; Union Public Service Commission (UPSC);
By IT's Core Team
April 17, 2019

 

 

 

Which person/body/entity can exclude posts, services and matters from the purview of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • President can exclude posts, services and matters from the purview of the UPSC.
  • The Constitution states that the president, in respect to the all-India services and Central services and posts may make regulations specifying the matters in which, it shall not be necessary for UPSC to be consulted.
  • But all such regulations made by the president shall be laid before each House of Parliament for at least 14 days. The Parliament can amend or repeal them.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Jurisdiction of UPSC:

The following matters are kept outside the functional jurisdiction of the UPSC. In other words, the UPSC is not consulted on the following matters:

  • While making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens.
  • While taking into consideration the claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in making appointments to services and posts.
  • With regard to the selections for chairmanship or membership of commissions or tribunals, posts of the highest diplomatic nature and a bulk of group C and group D services.
  • With regard to the selection for temporary or officiating appointment to a post if the person appointed is not likely to hold the post for more than a year.

 

 

 

The Basel Committee’s Secretariat is located at which organization?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • The Basel Committee’s Secretariat is located at the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) in Basel, Switzerland.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Basel Committee:

  • The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) is a committee of banking supervisory authorities that was established by the central bank governors of the Group of Ten countries in 1974.
  • It provides a forum for regular cooperation on banking supervisory matters.
  • Its objective is to enhance understanding of key supervisory issues and improve the quality of banking supervision worldwide.
  • The Committee frames guidelines and standards in different areas – some of the better known among them are the international standards on capital adequacy, the Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision and the Concordat on cross-border banking supervision.
  • The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) hosts and supports a number of international institutions engaged in standard setting and financial stability, one of which is BCBS. Yet like the other committees, BCBS has its own governance arrangements, reporting lines and agendas, guided by the central bank governors of the Group of Ten countries.

 

 

 

Name some important events which were associated with the tenure of Lord William Bentinck.

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • The appointment of Lord William Bentinck as the Governor-General of India marked the dawn of a new era in the annals of British rule in India. He continued as Governor-General from 1828 to 1835 in India.
  • William Bentinck is famous for his social reforms in Indian. By the abolition of the systems of ‘Sati’ and human sacrifice he freed the society from two of the worst superstitions. By the suppression of the system of Thugee he freed the people from one of their worst fears. By the end of 1834 Thugee System was completely stopped.
  • After Cornwallis it was Governor-General Lord William Bentick who paid attention to any new administrative reforms and introduced some changes in the sphere of administration. He started the practice of appointing Indians in Company’s service. Cornwallis had stopped appointing Indians in administrative service as he had low opinion about the character, ability and integrity of the Indian people.
  • Annexation of Mysore (1831), Coorg (1834) and Central Cachar (1834) took place.
  • His tenure saw Treaty of ‘perpetual friendship with Ranjeet Singh
  • English language also became the official language and it helped the people of India for exchange of ideas.
  • Charter Act of 1833 was introduced during his term.

 

 

 

He served as Viceroy of India between 1876 and 1880. He has been criticized for his handling of the Great Famine of 1876–78 and the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Who is he?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • Lord Lytton

Enrich Your Learning:

  • To the disadvantage of the Indians, Lord Lytton set the maximum age for the Indian Civil Service examination, lowered from 21 to 19 in 1876.
  • Most serious restriction on the growth of Indian language newspapers was Lord Lytton’s Vernacular Press Act of 1878. A highly biased and racial measure, this Act attempted to stifle any opposition to the government voiced in the local languages of the country.
  • Similar restrictions were not imposed on the English language newspapers. It was an important example of Lytton’s conservative and arrogant attitude. It indirectly empowered the government to control all seditious writings by Indian intelligentsia. There was no appeal against the decision of the District Magistrate. This Act was repealed in 1882 by Lord Ripon who was a very popular Viceroy among Indians for his liberal views and measures.

 

 

 

What are macronutrients and micronutrients?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Researchers have identified some nutrients that are essential for plant life.

  • These nutrients are broadly divided into two groups: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are needed in much greater quantities than micronutrients, which are often needed in minuscule amounts (although they are still necessary).

Enrich Your Learning:

The macronutrients include:

  • Carbon (C)
  • Hydrogen (H)
  • Oxygen (O)
  • Nitrogen (N)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Potassium (K)
  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Sulfur (S)

The first three—carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen—are known as structural elements and are present in the atmosphere and growing environment.

The next three are sometimes called the “fertilizer elements” since they are the familiar N-P-K identified on fertilizer labels.

The next two macronutrients, calcium, and magnesium are crucial for many cellular functions in plants, as well as fruit and flower formation.

The micronutrients include:

  • The microminerals or trace elements include at least Iron, Chlorine, Cobalt, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Manganese, Selenium, Zinc, Boron, Nickel and Molybdenum.
  • Micronutrients also include vitamins, which are organic compounds required as nutrients in trace amounts.

 

 

 

What do you know about the ‘Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC)’?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Codex Alimentarius (Food Code) is a collection of internationally adopted food standards presented in a uniform manner. These food standards aim at protecting consumer’s health and ensuring fair practices in the food trade.
  • It includes standards for all the principal foods, whether processed, semi-processed or raw for distribution to the consumer.
  • It also includes standardised provisions in respect of food additives, contaminants, pesticides residues, labelling and presentation, methods of analysis and sampling.
  • The Codex Alimentarius is recognized by the World Trade Organization as an international reference point for the resolution of disputes concerning food safety and consumer protection.

 

 

 

What are (i) high tide (ii) spring tides and (iii) neap tides?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

The strong gravitational pull exerted by the sun and the moon on the earth’s surface causes the tides. 

  • The water of the earth closer to the moon gets pulled under the influence of the moon’s gravitational force and causes high tide.
  • During the full moon and new moon days, the sun, the moon and the earth are in the same line and the tides are highest. These tides are called spring tides.
  • But when the moon is in its first and last quarter, the ocean waters get drawn in diagonally opposite directions by the gravitational pull of sun and earth resulting in low tides. These tides are called neap tides.

spring tides neap tidess

 

 

 

What are (i) Torrid Zone (ii) Temperate Zones and (iii) Frigid Zones?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

400px-Maury_Geography_017A_zones

Torrid Zone

  • The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all latitudes in between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • This area, therefore, receives the maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone.

Temperate Zones

  • The mid-day sun never shines overhead on any latitude beyond the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • The angle of the sun’s rays goes on decreasing towards the poles. As such, the areas bounded by the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere, and the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere, have moderate temperatures.
  • These are, therefore, called Temperate Zones.

Frigid Zones

  • Areas lying between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole in the Northern Hemisphere and the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole in the Southern Hemisphere, are very cold.
  • It is because here the sun does not rise much above the horizon.
  • Therefore, its rays are always slanting. These are, therefore, called Frigid Zones.

 

 

 

In his last days, Chandragupta Maurya migrated to south and live as Jain ascetic. Right OR Wrong?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Right Statement:

  • As per the Latin history, Chandragupta is known as Sandrokottos and Androcottus. Chandragupta became well known for defeating the most powerful of Alexander’s successors, Seleucus I Nicator, in battle. In the last days of life Chandragupta adopted Jainism and went to Sravanabelagola (near Mysore) with Bhadrabahu, where he died by slow starvation.

 

 

What do you know about the Allahabad Pillar Inscription, also known as Prayag Prashasti?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Allahabad pillar is an Ashoka Stambha, one of the pillars of Ashoka, an emperor of the Maurya dynasty.
  • It is particularly notable for containing later inscriptions attributed to the Gupta emperor, Samudragupta.
  • It is considered “the most important historical document of the classical Gupta age.”
  • It is written in very simple and refined Sanskrit in Champu kavya style.
  • It is in excellent Sanskrit, written in the more refined Gupta script (a later version of Brahmi) by the poet and minister, Harishena.
  • It lists achievements of Samudragupta. This Inscription is a eulogy of Samudragupta and mentions about the conquests of Samudragupta and boundaries of the Gupta Empire.
Topics
70 Days Prelims Flash Cards 2019 Latest Posts Popular
Tags

Facebook

My Favourite Articles

  • Your favorites will be here.

Calendar Archive

July 2019
M T W T F S S
« Jun    
1234567
891011121314
15161718192021
22232425262728
293031